Forskning / Projekt

Narratives of Europe: Perspectives from its North-East Periphery

Narratives of Europe website

This project investigates how Europe is identified in narratives from East Europe. It focuses on how "Europeanness" is fabricated and narrated in one of Europe's dynamic peripheries. Focusing on the region's philosophical, political, literary, musical, art and media discourses, a systematic and comparative analysis is made of how European identity is articulated differently depending on national context and narrative genre. The project thus makes comparisons in three dimensions: how does the narration of European identity vary (1) between centre and periphery; (2) between national subregions of East Europe; and (3) between narrative genres of communication.

In East Europe, neighbouring countries with divergent experiences have taken distinct paths vis-à-vis the European project of unification, offering excellent clues to the diverse facets of ongoing refigurations of what Europe means. In this region, concepts of Europe are intensely cultivated and debated, challenging the notion of East Europe as the "Other" and suggesting that they in many ways tend to be more active Europeans than many in Central or Western Europe. Discursive tensions will be scrutinised between "Fortress Europe" and Europe as communicative node, unity and diversity, stability and mobility, universalism and particularism. There are variously emphasised traces of Christian heritage, colonial history, Enlightenment ideas of progress, experiences of war, or reference to old and new transnational connections.

Six subprojects deal with European narratives in (A) phenomenological philosophy (Carl Cederberg); (B) political movements (Anne Kaun); (C) literature (Stefan Jonsson), (D) visual arts (Katarina MacLeod), (E) popular music (Johan Fornäs); and (F) news media (Roman Horbyk). The project organizes annual workshops and will result in individual articles and a joint anthology report. It links core disciplines within the Critical and Cultural Theory research area of Södertörn University (Media and Communication Studies, Studies of Practical Knowledge, Aesthetics and Art History), and makes them imminently relevant to the Baltic area studies at Södertörn University.

Publikationer

In: Europe Faces Europe. Bristol : Intellect Ltd., 2017. 35-61.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Carl Cederberg

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2017

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Praktisk kunskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Europe Faces Europe. Bristol : Intellect Ltd., 2017. 133-151.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Anne Kaun

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2017

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Europe Faces Europe. Bristol : Intellect Ltd., 2017. 153-177.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Katarina Macleod

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2017

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Konstvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Europe Faces Europe. Bristol : Intellect Ltd., 2017. 93-132.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Roman Horbyk

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2017

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Europe Faces Europe. Bristol : Intellect Ltd., 2017. 1-34.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Johan Fornäs

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2017

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Europe Faces Europe. Bristol : Intellect Ltd., 2017. 179-235.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Johan Fornäs

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2017

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

Bristol : Intellect Ltd., 2017.

Europe Faces Europe examines Eastern European perspectives on European identity. The contributors to this volume map narratives of Europe rooted in Eastern Europe, examining their relationship to philosophy, journalism, social movements, literary texts, visual art, and popular music. Moving the debate and research on European identity beyond the geographical power center, the essays explore how Europeanness is conceived of in the dynamic region of Eastern Europe. Offering a fresh take on European identity, Europe Faces Europe comes at an important time, when Eastern Europe and European identity are in an important and vibrant phase of transition.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Johan Fornäs

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2017

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

Interactions 2016, 7 (1): 23-39.

The Occupy movement, which started with a group of activists in New York, soon grew into a global movement with protesters gathering and occupying public spaces worldwide. This article provides a critical discourse analysis and examines the representation of the global as well as local expressions of the Occupy movement in Latvian and Swedish major newspapers. It shifts the lens from the financial centres to the European periphery and asks how the movement is recontextualized in Latvia and Sweden. In the analysis four main discursive strategies are identified and discussed comparatively for the two countries; nomination, predication, perspectivation and mitigation. Although the discursive strategies in both contexts are similar, the recontextualization in Latvia and Sweden reflects the distinct historical and cultural circumstance in which the mediation of the Occupy movement emerged.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Anne Kaun

Iveta Jurkane-Hobein


Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2016

Institution/Centrumbildning

CBEESKultur och lärandeSamhällsvetenskaper
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskapSociologi

Forskarutbildningsområde

Kritisk kulturteori

In: Communication for Empowerment. : Universidade Lusófona.

The European Union is looking for new narratives of Europe. But which was the old one and was there really just one? Do narratives of Europe in the so-called ‘new’ east Europe offer alternatives for redefining European identity? In order to approach these issues, this paper looks at how Europe is narrated in east European popular music, focusing the Eurovision Song Contest (ESC).A wide range of symbols struggle for identifying or signifying Europe (Fornäs 2012). The post-1989 EU enlargement has intensified such redefinition efforts. Popular music offers a fascinating field for such narrative identifications, with the ESC as an influential arena, linking cultural, social and political discourses. Music matters (Hesmondhalgh 2013) to people on many influential levels, combining emotive pleasure with social interaction in ways that offer rich resources for identifying practices. Being perhaps the most successful pan-European venture, the ESC is therefore an excellent source for investigating narratives of Europe.Written within an interdisciplinary project on east European ‘Narratives of Europe’, this paper analyses songs from ESC finals since 1989. Using a methodological model for analysing narratives, inspired by Genette (1972/1980), Ricoeur (1981) and Ryan (2004), it looks for who acts in a narrative (setup), what happens in which order (process), how or in what format the story is told (mode) and what identity it constructs for Europe (meaning).More than 70 songs were chosen, 40 of them from east Europe. Preliminary results in­dicate an overwhelming dominance of one master narrative of redemptive resur­rection, with a set of sub-variants. In other contexts than the ESC, popular songs may depict Europe as an eternally happy place or as falling from greatness into misery, but the ESC format strongly favours a narrative where Europe had a glorious past but then has been deeply torn by internal strife, wars and suffering, from which it now finally will recover by uniting in mutual co-operation and love. Some variants say little or nothing about the initial golden age, some less triumphantly place the resurrection as a dream for the future, and some east European song narratives add freedom from oppression to peace after internal war as core values, but the master narrative is never really abandoned.This resurrection narrative resonates with the founding myth expressed in EU’s key symbols. The inclusion of former Soviet Bloc countries into the European integration process has given new impetus to those founding narratives, and the ESC’s east European narratives indicate important continuities between the old and the new.While offering a methodological example of narrative analysis of media texts in the seldom-studied format of televised popular music, the paper also contributes to the understanding of how east European voices construct Europe’s history and future in the processes of transformation that challenge inherited ideas of what Europe means.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Johan Fornäs

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2014

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

Kritisk kulturteori

In: Jewish Thought, Utopia and Revolution. Amsterdam / New York : Rodopi, 2014. 79-93.

This article presents the view on revolution in the writings of French-Jewish philosopher Emmanuel Levinas. Levinas is often thought of as a mainly ethical thinker, cautious regarding the political. Here, the political implication of his thought is emphasised. Levinas, the article argues, is a thinker of the revolution. His thought is also criticized in the article, however, for drawing too severe boundaries between the home and the public sphere.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Carl Cederberg

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2014

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Praktisk kunskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

Kritisk kulturteori

Svenska Dagbladet 2013, 14 maj : 25-25.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Johan Fornäs

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2013

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

Kritisk kulturteori

This paper focuses on the redefinition of European symbols and in particular the euro currency under the current condition of crisis, in which the identity of Europe is challenged and attributed new connotations. The current financial crisis has material effects for institutions and citizens, but also an important cultural aspect. Money is a means of payment but also a symbolic artefact or ‘micro medium’. Every European symbol demands a level of trust among its users, while also aiming to secure basic trust in the legitimacy of European values. When the euro runs into crisis, this therefore has crucial symbolic repercussions. If for instance Greece is forced to leave the Eurozone, this not only creates monetary difficulties but also questions the signifying force of the € symbol, whose name and design intend to express the foundation of European civilisation in the classical culture of Athens.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Johan Fornäs

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2013

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

Kritisk kulturteori

Religionsvetenskaplig internettidskrift 2012, 14 : 1-5.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Carl Cederberg

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2012

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Praktisk kunskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

Kritisk kulturteori

In: Vem i hela världen kan man lita på?. Lund : Studentlitteratur, 2012. 25-45.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Johan Fornäs

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2012

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Forskarutbildningsområde

Kritisk kulturteori

Status

Pågående

Projektledare

Johan Fornäs
Professor
Institutionen för kultur och lärande

Personer knutna till projektet

Anne Kaun
Lektor, Docent
Institutionen för kultur och lärande

Carl Cederberg
Lektor, Docent
Institutionen för kultur och lärande

Katarina Macleod
Lektor, Docent
Institutionen för kultur och lärande

Roman Horbyk
Doktorand
Institutionen för kultur och lärande


Stefan Jonsson
Professor, Linköpings universitet

Mer information

Projektstart: 2012
Projektslut: 2016

Finansiär: Östersjöstiftelsen

Projektet har Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning: Ja

Information in English

Ämnen som projektet är knutet till

Institution/Centrumbildning som projektet är knutet till

Forskarutbildningsområde som projektet är knutet till