Forskning / Projekt

The Vision of Eurasia: Eurasianist Influences on Politics, Culture and Ideology in Russia Today

The aim of this project is to evaluate the degree to which the concepts, arguments, and tropes of Eurasianism have penetrated across public and political life in Russia today. Originally formulated by Russian émigré nationalists in the 1920s and 1930s, Eurasianism represented an entirely new vision of Russia as Russia-Eurasia: a distinct and autonomous historical world stretching from Russia's western borderlands east to the Pacific. Beginning in the late 1980s, these old doctrines were rediscovered and began to be resurrected. They were appealing because they offered a compelling ideological narrative for those who opposed the breakup of the Soviet Union and believed that Russia needed to be a strong state capable of resisting its external opponents, especially those from the West. By the beginning of Vladimir Putin’s first presidency, Eurasianism had become an common term of reference in Russia. Its influence was apparent not only in academic and political discourses but in the popular imagination as well, and it figured prominently in representations of Russia in popular culture. Eurasianism is also highly influential outside of the Russian Federation, for example in Kazakhstan, where it has been as a sort of official state ideology.

Most recently, Vladimir Putin has formally endorsed the Eurasian vision as one of his key foreign policy projects for his second presidential term. The importance of Eurasianism calls for complete reassessment of its contemporary role. Drawing on wide spectrum of sources and materials, our project seeks to do just that: firstly, by examining the degree to which Eurasianist concepts and perspectives have penetrated across public and political life in Russia today; secondly, by analysing the reasons for this penetration; and finally by investigating the ways in which these perspectives still reflect the doctrines of the “classical Eurasianists”, and alternatively how they are being adapted to fit the post-Soviet realities of the 21st century.

We will consider these questions through five subprojects examining the relation between Eurasianism and a) Russian Foreign Policy, b) Centre-Periphery relations in Russia, c) public debates about national identity d) Political Parties and the Church, and finally, e) popular culture and artistic production. This project will present the first fully comprehensive overview of Eurasianism’s current status in Russian politics and culture.

Publikationer

Pittsburgh : University of Pittsburgh Press, 2015.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Sergei Glebov

Mark Bassin

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Ja
2015

Institution/Centrumbildning

CBEESHistoria och samtidsstudier
Idéhistoria

Forskarutbildningsområde

Historiska studier

In: . : .

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Irina Kotkina


Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2014

Institution/Centrumbildning

CBEES

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: . : .

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Irina Kotkina


Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2014

Institution/Centrumbildning

CBEES

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: . : .

Nowadays Eurasianism is gradually transformed from a philosophical doctrine known only to experts into cultural and political practice. The attempts of reintegration of the former Soviet Union made by Kremlin encourage population to reflect on the historical mission of Russia and its ‘civilizational’ identity. Vladimir Putin in his article published in “Izvestya” in October 2011 made clear division between the supporters and opponents of the Eurasian Union. Russia’s contemporary Minister of Culture, Vladimir Medinsky, warmly supports the idea of the Eurasian integration and even called it the major “macro-task” of Russia. In his writings and documents of his ministry, Medinsky actively entertains the idea of Eurasian union and considers Eurasianism one of the most fruitful doctrines aiming at Russian inner and foreign politics.  In my presentation I am going to analyze the recent documents and statements of the Ministry of Culture concerning Eurasianism as a force of cultural and political re-integration of Russia with former Soviet territories and other neighboring countries.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Irina Kotkina


Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2013

Institution/Centrumbildning

CBEES

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Empire De/Centered. : Ashgate, 2013. 61-83.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Igor Torbakov


Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2013

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

Historiska studier

Status

Pågående

Projektledare

Mark Bassin
Professor
Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier

Personer knutna till projektet

Irina Kotkina


Marlene Laruelle (George Washington University, USA)

Igor Torbakov  (Uppsala University)

Gonzolo Pozo  (Kings College, London)

Mer information

Projektstart: 2013
Projektslut: 2016

Finansiär: Östersjöstiftelsen

Projektet har Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning: Ja

Information in English

Institution/Centrumbildning som projektet är knutet till