Research / Projects

Perspective dependence and contrastivity in empathy-based explanation of action

The purpose of the project is to contribute to empathy theory by suggesting solutions to three fundamental problems, namely, by what non-theory-based criteria the validity of empathy-based explanations can be assessed, how the notion of empathetic understanding is to be understood, and how such understanding relates to theory-based explanation of action. Empathetic understanding is understood as atheoretical (intuitive),contrastive and perspective-relative, nonmentalistic), and based on agreement as an atheoretical criterion of validity.

Publications

In: Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions. Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2013. 2146-2152.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Henrik Bohlin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2013

School/Centre

School of Historical and Contemporary Studies
History of Ideas

Research area for doctoral studies

Historical Studies

In: Förnuft, känsla och moral. Stockholm : Thales, 2011. 35-64.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Henrik Bohlin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2011

School/Centre

School of Historical and Contemporary Studies
History of Ideas

Research area for doctoral studies

Historical Studies

Sats 2009, 10 (1): 107-131.

By what criteria can an empathetic interpreter justify the inference from the fact that, when simulating another person, he himself forms such-and-such intentions to act in the imagined situation, to the supposed fact that the person simulated formed or will form the same intentions? It is suggested that the interpreter determines this by normatively assessing the reasons for and against the action, simply following his own subjective or perspective-dependent criteria for what is reasonable to believe, desire, and do in the given situation. If the interpreter finds the other's action to be well-motivated, this is indication that the interpreter shares the perspective of the other, and hence that the explanation is valid. In Hans-Georg Gadamer's words: understanding is, primarily, agreement. A possible objection is that this turns interpretation into something purely subjective and relative. It is argued that the relativity involved is harmless and does not imply relativism in any important sense

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Henrik Bohlin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2009

School/Centre

School of Historical and Contemporary Studies
History of Ideas

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Status

Finished

Project Manager

Henrik Bohlin
Senior Lecturer, Associate Professor
School of Historical and Contemporary Studies

More information

Project start: 2008
Project end: 2012

Financier: Vetenskapsrådet (VR)

Research linked to the Baltic Sea region and Eastern Europe: No

Information på svenska

Subjects to which the project is linked

School/centre to which the project is linked

Research area for doctoral studies to which the project is linked