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Comparative and Continental Philosophy 2018, : 1-11.
Taking its point of departure in an enigmatic passage from the Analects, in which the interlocutor is likened by the master to a sacrificial vase, the essay explores how this teaching can be read as a indirect commentary on the proper way of inhabiting and communicating tradition. The relation to the ancestors and the proper way of handling the rites for the dead is shown to reveal a more basic hermeneutic argument in Confucian thinking, opening the text to its own future transformation.
Global Media and Communication 2018, : -.
This article discusses the role of media and communications in contributing to social progress, as elaborated in a landmark international project – the International Panel on Social Progress. First, it analyses how media and digital platforms have contributed to global inequality by examining media access and infrastructure across world regions. Second, it looks at media governance and the different mechanisms of corporatized control over media platforms, algorithms and content. Third, the article examines how the democratization of media is a key element in the struggle for social justice. It argues that effective media access – in terms of distribution of media resources, even relations between spaces of connection and the design and operation of spaces that foster dialogue, free speech and respectful cultural exchange – is a core component of social progress.
Spatial decision support systems - Exploring differences in pilot-testing with students vs. professionalsMer info
Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 2018, : -.
This study explores the implications of engaging students vs. professionals / stakeholders in pilot-testing of SDSS and discusses likely differences in terms of experiences and outcomes for the given pilot-test. To this end we use data collected during two pilot tests of a novel SDSS. The pilot-tests were done with two different groups; one made of thirteen doctoral students, while the other of twelve professionals / stakeholders. The pilot-test served to gather feedback on SDSS usability and other aspects of interest to the development team. Based on the outcomes obtained we develop an analytical framework meant to summarise key aspects impacting on how different (tester) profiles will engage during a pilot, and on feedback they provide. These key aspects include expertise, stage of life, and institutional context (ESI). This framework could offer some help to SDSS / DSS development teams in planning, organizing, and delivering pilot-test, and processing the assessments received.
Multilevel Strategies for Political Influence - How and Why Do Domestic Civil Society Organisations Seek Political Influence at National and EU Levels?Mer info
Journal of Contemporary European Research 2018, 14 (2): 68-86.
This article addresses domestic civil society organisations (CSOs) and their multilevel strategies for gaining political influence in the European Union. Drawing on a theoretical framework identifying different ‘routes’ that CSOs can take in a multilevel system of EU governance, this article analyses which routes or combination of routes CSOs take and investigates what organisational factors can explain similarities and differences among domestic CSOs’ multilevel strategies for political influence. Factors like type of organisation, organisational resources, level of activity and perceived relevance of national and EU political levels are combined. The article shows that CSOs tend to choose a combination of routes and that most of them also participate at the national level when trying to influence EU policy. The article furthermore finds that domestic CSOs seek to influence EU policies above all when they organise around issues that face potential conflicts between national and EU policies, illustrating the analytical significance of how CSOs perceive different political levels.
Media and Communication 2018, 6 (2): 145-148.
This editorial introduces the thematic issue of “Media and Communication between the Local and the Global”. It does so first by presenting the origin of this thematic issue: the Media, Globalization and Social Change division at the NordMedia2017 conference. The thematic issue is then anchored theoretically through discussion of the widely conceived notion of mediation as a technological, symbolic and ethical process―highlighting the interest in how media actors and communication technologies, practices and artefacts mediate between global phenomena and local contexts, which is what unites the contributions to this thematic issue. Last, the final section of this editorial introduces the articles, which coalesce around three broad themes: migration, marginalised communities, and consumption.
Media and Communication 2018, 6 (2): 188-198.
This article explores how increased media access and use influences Kenyan women’s everyday life and alters the domestic space. Based on 30 in-depth interviews with women in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya, the article demonstrates that women have incorporated newly gained media into their daily lives and routines. Increased media access has opened up the home and turned the domestic sphere from a secluded place into a connected space in which women can receive input from,connect with and interact with the world beyond their immediate surroundings whilst simultaneously remaining at homeand fulfilling their traditional gender roles. Women’s media use thus reinforces their connection to the domestic sphereand the gendered division of labour. Although it has the potential to challenge gender inequalities, the extent to which this occurs depends on the individual woman’s ability to act on the imagin aries and ideas that media carry.
Media and Communication 2018, 6 (2): 149-157.
This article explores the relationship between online and offline practices in the special case of forced migration. By applying a central category in social relations, trust/distrust as developed by Niklas Luhmann, this article contributes to the understanding of forced migration in the digital age. It presupposes that, without a strategy of trust, it would be almost impossible to cope with situations of unfamiliarity and uncertainty. By interviewing refugees, the questionis in what contexts the refugee recognizes that they can trust (or not). The article concludes that through the combination of on- and offline communication practices, more varied mechanisms for the creation and stabilization of trust are provided. In contexts of unfamiliarity, interpersonal relations with the native inhabitants play an important role in bridging online and offline worlds.
The American journal of geriatric psychiatry 2018, : -.
Objective There is little research on the effects of childhood hunger on adult mental health. This study examined the association between childhood hunger and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide in older adults. Design Data were analyzed from adults aged 60 and above collected during the Estonian Health Interview Survey 2006 (N=2455). Retrospective information was obtained on the frequency (never, seldom, sometimes, often) of going to bed hungry in childhood, and on the presence of recurrent thoughts of death or suicide in the past 4 weeks. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine associations between the variables. Results Experiencing hunger in childhood was common (37.6%) with 14.3% of the respondents stating that they often went to bed hungry. In a univariate analysis going to bed hungry either sometimes or often more than doubled the odds for thoughts of death or suicide. Although adjustment for a range of covariates (including physical diseases and depressive episode) attenuated the associations, in the fully adjusted model going to bed hungry sometimes continued to be associated with significantly increased odds for thoughts of death or suicide in older adults (OR = 1.74, 95% CI = 1.10–2.74; Wald χ2 = 5.7, df = 1, p = 0.017). Conclusion The findings of this study suggest that the effects of childhood hunger may be long lasting and associated with mental health and well-being even in older adults.
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2018, 53 (7): 709-716.
Purpose: To determine the prevalence of inhalant use in Russian adolescents and to investigate associated psychosocial problems from a gender perspective. Methods: Data on inhalant use and comorbid psychopathology were collected by means of self-reports from 2892 (42.4% boys) sixth to tenth grade students in public schools in Arkhangelsk, Russia. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to assess differences in the levels of internalizing and externalizing problems in boys and girls, who were non-users and users of inhalants. Results: The prevalence of inhalant use was 6.1% among boys and 3.4% among girls. Compared with non-users, inhalant users scored significantly higher on internalizing and externalizing problems, functional impairment and lower on academic motivation, with psychopathology increasing with age. While there were no gender differences for internalizing problems, increased levels of externalizing problems in inhalant users were gender-specific (significantly higher in boys). Conclusions: Inhalant use is related to significantly higher levels of comorbid psychopathology in Russian adolescents. Comprehensive, evidence-based prevention and intervention policies are needed to address inhalant use and its harmful effects.
En "medborgerlig" patientrörelse - Samhällssyn och maktkritik hos den svenska THX-rörelsen under 1970-talets andra hälftMer info
Scandia 2018, 84 (1): 36-60.
Since the 1990s, historians of medicine have pointed to a change in the status and self-image of patients in the West. Patients, it is claimed, have gone from being passively dependent on medicine to active consumers of health care. However, this narrative does not consider the fact that Western countries differ a great deal in terms of access to health care, access to alternative treatments and the role and status assigned to formal expertise in society at large. This study aims to contribute to a deeper and more historically nuanced understanding of the transformation of the patient into a consumer. Through an analysis of the Swedish THX movement - a patient movement trying to achieve legal access to, and formal approval of, the controversial anti-cancer drug THX in the 1970s - the study shows how the agenda and demands of the THX patients mirrored the specific Swedish settings in which they were articulated. THX patients did not wish to be regarded as consumers or clients. On the contrary, their arguments were firmly rooted in a collective identity as "the people" who expected the state and politicians to meet their needs. They emphasized their collective experience as evidence of the efficiency of THX and pointed to the popularity of THX treatment, thereby rejecting the results of several scientific trials initiated by the medical authorities. Doing so, THX patients made use of the culturally resonant frame of collectivity in Sweden at the time, as well as of a widespread belief that the medical authorities were corrupt and insensitive to the needs of ordinary people.
Efficient Worker or Reflective Practitioner? - Competing Technical Rationalities of Media Software ToolsMer info
In: Technologies of Labour and the Politics of Contradiction. Cham : Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. 99-119.
The work of creators of digital media today is profoundly reliant on the use of specialised software. Yet, software is not merely an instrument of labour. The current hegemonies of society are incorporated in the technological design of tools, explicating what Feenberg (2009) calls technical rationality. Different production frameworks can embed distinct forms of such rationality depending on the goals of their creators. Drawing on theories of knowledge and feminist theory of technological development, Forsler and Velkova present an analysis of the production frameworks of three different manufactures of software tools for computer graphics, both industrial and user-driven. The chapter contributes with a conceptual theoretical model of how these frameworks are underpinned by different epistemological assumptions and competing visions of media practitioners.
Homophobia as Geopolitics - ‘Traditional Values’ and the Negotiation of Russia’s Place in the WorldMer info
Sibship size, birth order and psychotic experiences - Evidence from 43 low- and middle-income countriesMer info
Schizophrenia Research 2018, : -.
Background Sibship size and birth order may be contributing factors to the multifactorial etiology of psychosis. Specifically, several studies have shown that sibship size and birth order are associated with schizophrenia. However, there are no studies on their association with psychotic experiences (PE). Methods Cross-sectional, community-based data from 43 low- and middle-income countries which participated in the World Health Survey were analyzed. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to identify four types of past 12-month PE. The association of sibship size and birth order with PE was assessed with multivariable logistic regression. Results The final sample consisted of 212,920 adults [mean (SD) age 38.1 (16.0) years; 50.7% females]. In the multivariable analysis, compared to individuals with no siblings, the OR increased linearly from 1.26 (95%CI = 1.01–1.56) to 1.72 (95%CI = 1.41–2.09) among those with 1 and ≥ 9 siblings, respectively. Compared to the first-born, middle-born individuals were more likely to have PE when having a very high number of siblings (i.e. ≥9). Conclusions Future studies should examine the environmental and biological factors underlying the association between sibship size/birth order and PE. Specifically, it may be important to examine the unmeasured factors, such as childhood infections and adversities that may be related to both family structure and PE.
International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management 2018, 46 (5): 507-527.
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide a cohesive overview of the available self-service and customer value literature, identify customer value in self-service kiosks (SSKs), and analyze this value from the customer experience perspective. Design/methodology/approach The study comprises a systematic literature review of available works on customer value. Findings The paper presents conclusions on the SSK's technological forms, presence in industries, and conceptual state. The review also provides a cohesive inventory of customer value elements in SSKs. The in-depth analysis proposes two alternative models of the customer value creation process: linear and circular. Research limitations/implications The study reveals gaps stemming from the inconsistency and fragmented nature of previous research on customer value in SSKs. The gaps are treated as opportunities for future studies. Practical implications By identifying new sources of competitive advantage and new ways to improve customer service strategies and experience management, the findings support managerial decision making at the stages of considering, implementing, and improving SSK networks. Originality/value This study is the first to systematically review and provide an inventory of customer value elements in SSKs. It, therefore, offers new perspectives on customer value creation using self-service technology.
Romani Studies 2018, 28 (1): 41-78.
Half a century after the first work on the Romanian Roms written by M. Kogǎlniceanu (1837) at the suggestion of the father of modern geography, Alexander von Humboldt, similarly, at the suggestion of a foreign scholar, the father of Romani dialectology, Franz Miklosich, a graduate of the Faculty of Theology, University of Leipzig, and Ph.D. of the same university, Barbu Constantinescu, started to learn Romani and became the first Romanian scholar in the emergent field. He was an acknowledged educationist, the first exponent of Herbatianism in Romania, and worked in many educational pioneering projects, such as the establishment of the first kindergarten, as well as the reformation of the pedagogical and theological systems of education. In the field of Romani studies, unfortunately, he could not publish all his projected work, and posterity forgot his huge effort of travelling in all counties of Wallachia and Moldavia in search of Romani settlements. He published in Bucharest, in 1877 and 1878, a dozen songs and tales in Romani of his own translation, which were duly acknowledged (e.g. by F.H. Groome in his 1899 anthology of Gypsy folk songs). However, his work, comprising hundreds of documents, was not included in a collection, though it is partially preserved in some unedited manuscripts at the Romanian Academy Library in Bucharest, which are described here for the first time, in sections § 2.1-6. The article describes the intellectual legacy left by Barbu Constantinescu in the field of Romani studies.
Journal of Business Research 2018, 89 : 251-257.
The dynamic capabilities theorem posits that rapidly changing operating environments necessitate dynamic capabilities (i.e. sensing, seizing and reconfiguring) for success. Dynamic capabilities reconfigure existing asset positions and create organizational renewal. We contend that higher performance outcomes can be achieved when dynamic capabilities interact with operational-level changes (i.e., changes in management and practices or changes in used technologies and target markets). The present study explores different pathways of dynamic capabilities and operational-level changes for performance success in a media industry context (i.e., magazines). Due to the digitalization of its business, the media industry has undergone significant changes the past years. We use a set-theoretic approach with fsQCA and data from 78 magazines to test our conceptualization. Our findings contribute to the literature of dynamic capabilities by providing empirical evidence on the relationship between dynamic capabilities, operational changes, and performance.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2018, 115 (25): 6440-6445.
Unfavorable health trends among the lowly educated have recently been reported from the United States. We analyzed health trends by education in European countries, paying particular attention to the possibility of recent trend interruptions, including interruptions related to the impact of the 2008 financial crisis. We collected and harmonized data on mortality from <i>ca</i> 1980 to <i>ca</i> 2014 for 17 countries covering 9.8 million deaths and data on self-reported morbidity from <i>ca</i> 2002 to <i>ca</i> 2014 for 27 countries covering 350,000 survey respondents. We used interrupted time-series analyses to study changes over time and country-fixed effects analyses to study the impact of crisis-related economic conditions on health outcomes. Recent trends were more favorable than in previous decades, particularly in Eastern Europe, where mortality started to decline among lowly educated men and where the decline in less-than-good self-assessed health accelerated, resulting in some narrowing of health inequalities. In Western Europe, mortality has continued to decline among the lowly and highly educated, and although the decline of less-than-good self-assessed health slowed in countries severely hit by the financial crisis, this affected lowly and highly educated equally. Crisis-related economic conditions were not associated with widening health inequalities. Our results show that the unfavorable trends observed in the United States are not found in Europe. There has also been no discernible short-term impact of the crisis on health inequalities at the population level. Both findings suggest that European countries have been successful in avoiding an aggravation of health inequalities.
Sociologija 2018, 60 (1): 64-83.
This paper presents challenges and life strategies of highly educated single mothers in Lithuania. My ethnography traces the impact on strategies of remaining in a country where exit strategies – alcoholism, suicide, emigration – prevail and seem as an “easier” option. It is a study concerned with the relationship between precarity, single motherhood, social reproduction and everyday living. I focus on precarious living conditions, social isolation and stigmatization, unappreciated and highly gendered care-work. Based on collaborative ethnographic fieldwork material, the paper presents the micro-level attempts to negotiate what it means to be a lone care-taker, to revalorize and challenge the hegemonic narratives of individual strength and success.
International Journal of Education Through Art 2018, 14 (2): 239-246.
This essay is a visual interpretation of the media ecologies of visual art education in Sweden and Estonia. As the title of the article suggests, an ecology of visual art education means infrastructures for accessing, producing, showing and sharing images. The study is empirically informed by social network analysis conducted in online communities and by interviews with teachers who are active in those communities. Graphs of activity and connectedness in online communities are included in a media ecology model, based on the teacher interviews. The model visually relates online collaboration with material technologies, such as classroom computers or cameras, and different forms of governance, such as curricula. The essay attempts to contribute to the existing literature regarding the relation between technologies and educational practice by combining digital methods with media ecology and infrastructure theory, and methodologically by using visual methods for interpretation.
Seed dispersal in both space and time is necessary for plant diversity maintenance in fragmented landscapes Mer info
Oikos 2018, 127 (6): 780-791.
Metacommunity theory emphasizes that seed dispersal not only limits but equally maintains plant diversity, though the latter receives little empirical attention. Discerning the temporal and spatial components of seed dispersal and understanding how their interaction shapes fragmented communities and maintains their diversity may be pivotal to further our ecological understanding of spatial and temporal seed dispersal and its implications for landscape-scale conservation management. To investigate the relative importance of spatial and temporal seed dispersal and their roles in maintaining plant diversity, the herb layer and seed bank of grassland communities were inventoried in 77 sites across abandoned and intact rotational grazing networks in a 100 km2 fragmented grassland landscape in the Stockholm archipelago (Baltic Sea, Sweden). Besides analysing alpha- and beta-diversity patterns, nestedness analyses connect deterministic community changes and diversity losses with dispersal-related life-history traits and habitat specialization to identify the mechanism driving community changes and maintaining local diversity. The loss of rotational grazing networks caused community diversity declines via non-random extinctions of spatially and temporally poor dispersers, particularly among grassland specialists. Temporal seed dispersal halted further community disassembly, maintaining diversity in the abandoned grazing networks. Spatial dispersal within the intact grazing networks was found to be an overriding, homogenizing agent conserving diversity in both the herb layer and seed bank. This empirical evidence establishes how spatial and temporal seed dispersal interact to maintain diversity in fragmented landscapes. Poorly connected grasslands appear limited by spatial dispersal, yet are maintained by temporal seed dispersal. In fragmented landscapes where grazing networks are rarely present, temporal rather than spatial seed dispersal may be more important in maintaining species diversity, since effective spatial dispersal may be significantly diminished. The grazing network's efficacy at boosting spatial dispersal and upholding community diversity presents a powerful management tool to conserve local and regional species diversity. © 2017 The Authors
Introduction to the special issue - Linguistic and pragmatic outcomes of contact with EnglishMer info
Ethics and Education 2018, : 1-20.
Inspired by Adriana Cavarero’s recent work on maternal inclinations as a postural term, the overall purpose of this article is to seek out a geometry of the educational relation that is alien to the masculine myth of the ‘economic man’. Drawing on Jan Masschelein and Maarten Simons’s critique of the marketization of education, reading their giving ‘shape and form’ to the scholastic school through the geometry of Cavarero’s ‘maternal inclinations’, the article shows how images and metaphors associated with the posture of rectitude infuse the scholastic model of the school. At the same time, we argue, it testifies to a geometry of an inclined subject and, in doing so, it offers an opening for recovering the significance of the feminine and maternal to educational theory. Affirming this opening, the paper makes a shift of emphasis from scholastic techniques to educational postures.
Cuttack, Odisha, India : Ravenshaw University, 2018.
The articles brought together in this special issue of Ravenshaw Journal of Literature and Culture on Life Writing are examples of social, therapeutic, and emotional life writing which can be described as ‘healing literature.’ All the contributions in this volume, whether they treat historical life writing or contemporary experiences, offer readers elements of events lived mainly in India, but also in the USA and Europe. The contributions published here are made by researchers from all over the world and propose analyses of narratives that are varied in thematic approach, from pain and illness narratives to narrations of lived religion (Dalit, Buddhism, Bhakti spirituality, Hinduism, Christianity), and in theoretical underpinnings (Foucault, Gilmore, Merleau-Ponty) and genres (journalism, autobiography/autofiction, poetry). The variety of themes, backgrounds, contexts and analytical approaches to texts from India, the USA, Europe and beyond allow both the experienced researcher to conduct in-depth readings and the neophyte a window into the exciting and ever-evolving field of life writing.
Pride Parades and LGBT Movements - Political Participation in an International Comparative PerspectiveMer info
The gendered subject of postsocialism - State-socialist legacies, global challenges and (re)building of traditionMer info
In: Gendering Postsocialism. London : Routledge, 2018. 1-17.
When the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989 and when, two years later, the Soviet Union crumbled and was divided into 15 independent states, the huge space formerly called the Communist Bloc or the countries of state socialism seemed to disappear forever, and an unprecedented process of change began. This process was just as unique from a historical perspective as the earlier attempts to build communism and/or state socialism. The changes had different speeds and directions, and while some states embraced the process of democratisation in order to “return to Europe”, others were experimenting with the ideals of a strong authoritarian state, religion, and a “return to tradition” to build a new society.
The social relations and educational expectations of young people in marginalised areas - Evidence from SwedenMer info
In: Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union. London : Routledge, 2018. 102-116.
A great deal of previous studies on early school leavers have concentrated on the individual characteristics of young people and neglecting the social relations that cause them to drop out. This chapter highlights the importance of and the way in which the social relations between young people with significant people in their immediate social environment, e.g. relationships with family members, the school staff and their friends, affect their educational expectations. In line with earlier research, we have assumed that the educational expectations of students are a crucial predicator of early school leaving (failure, frustration and, ultimately, disengagement and dropout), i.e. having fewer educational expectations predicts a higher risk of ESL. The data used in this study were collected in schools in marginalized urban areas of Sweden during the period 2014-2016 as a part of the RESL.eu project in Sweden. By using a mixed-methods approach with both survey material, in-depth interviews and participant observation in a selected group of schools, we have tried to highlight these complex relationships between social relations and educational expectations. As our results demonstrate, these relationships and the social capital they provide play an important role in forming the educational expectations of young people.
In: Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union. London : Routledge, 2018. 47-60.
This chapter focuses on education policies in Portugal, Poland and Sweden, exploring links between the political construction of ESL and the fight against it. Portugal still has one of the highest rates in Europe, even with great progress; Sweden is and has been in quite a comfortable position very close to the European average; and the rate of ESL in Poland is significantly below. We take into consideration the relationships of education with Europeanization, including the assertion of new roles for the state that interacts in a multiple scale governance - the dispersion of decision-making from the states to European institutions in line with Roger Dale (2007). We argue that these processes bring to the fore difficulties and opportunities that are explored in national interpretations of the educational policy and phenomena. Taking into account the specific educational structures, policies and practices in the three countries, the chapter highlights that the educational debate varies in areas of concentration and there are tensions in the discussion of vocational tracks; that the socio-political and economic crisis has reshaped the ways different countries address ESL and try to make the best of EU funding; that tensions remain in varying degrees between the social and educational goals and the needs of the labour market; and that social concerns about equality of opportunities and educational development are not as common as they should be in light of the EU concern about social inclusion.
Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2018.
Den 9 maj 1958 invigdes Moderna Museet i marinens gamla Exercishall på Skeppsholmen i Stockholm. Museet var inte en självständig institution utan Nationalmuseums avdelning för modern konst med Bo Wennberg som chef. Året därpå tog Pontus Hultén över.Under Hulténs ledning blev Moderna ett av Europas viktigaste museer för modern konst. Men det var också något av stockholmarnas kulturhus, bland annat inspirerat av Stedelijk Museum i Amsterdam, med plats för film, musik, teater, happenings och modevisningar.Efter de första årens framgångar möttes Hultén av ett kulturpolitiskt motstånd mot slutet av 1960-talet. Hultén kritiserades för ointresse för den svenska konsten, för bristande politiskt engagemang och för att gå den amerikanska imperialismens ärenden.Den 26 april 2017 anordnade Samtidshistoriska institutet tillsammans med forskningsprojektet Levande arkiv: Pontus Hultén på Moderna Museet (1957-73), fiansierat av Vetenskapsrådet och placerat vid ämnet Konstvetenskap, Södertörns högskola, ett vittnesseminarium om Pontus Hulténs tid på Moderna Museet.
Värdeskapande med brukarperspektiv, delegering och samverkan i hemtjänst - en fallstudie av Sundsvalls kommun Mer info
ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys 2018, 9 : 103-128.
I Nazem Tahvilzadeh och Lisa Kings artikel diskuteras orsakerna till den uppståndelse, eller ”kaos” för att använda aktivisternas egna ord, som organisationen Megafonen skapade inom ramen för stadsutvecklingsprojektet Järvalyftet i Husby. Med inspiration från teorier om hur samtycke till ojämlikhet grundläggs på fabriksgolvet utvecklas två begrepp för att synliggöra den politiska ordningen i förorten och dess konkreta aktiviteter: urbana styrregimer och demokratiska spel. Studien visar hur Megafonens avhopp och sedermera kritik av Järvalyftet och förortspolitiken bröt mot den etablerade politiska ordningen i relationerna mellan stat och civilsamhälle i den urbana periferin. Aktivisternas handlingar kom därför att betraktas som ”skandalösa” av delar av det politiska etablissemanget. Megafonen vägrade att spela enligt spelets regler och synliggjorde således ojämlikheterna i förortspolitikens demokratiska spel med medborgarna. Underlaget för studien baseras på processpårande och etnografisk metod som empiriskt återskapar den förortspolitiska satsningen Järvalyftet och dess logiker samt Megafonens roll 2006–2013.
Internationalization in the Higher Education Classroom - Local Policy Goals put into PracticeMer info
Journal of Studies in International Education 2018, : 1-17.
Nowadays, most universities have policies for internationalization, and in such policies, attention is increasingly given to internationalization as an aspect of students’ learning. However, there have so far been limited efforts to study how such student-centered internationalization can be carried out in practice. This article explores linkages between policy and practice, and it reports on a case study of how local policy goals of internationalization are carried out at the classroom level in a university in Sweden. Through fine-grained analyses of classroom interactions, it is demonstrated how a teacher and his students put policy goals into practice and what aspects stimulate them to do so. More generally, the results contribute to knowledge of how internationalization of higher education can be encouraged and practiced in local learning settings in the form of social actions and how it is carried out in a certain context at a certain time.
ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys 2018, 9 : 77-102.
Lisa Kings artikel studerar individer som fungerat som så kallade brobyggare mellan äldre civilsamhällesorganisationer och en ny förortsrörelse i Sverige. Materialet utgörs primärt av intervjuer med professionellt verksamma i tre etablerade civilsamhällesorganisationer. Analysen visar att brobyggarnas roll och position har använts för att stödja förortsrörelsens uppstart, men att brobyggarnas kamp i förlängningen handlat om att förändra och (re)vitalisera den egna organisationen. I ljuset av detta illustrerar behovet av brobyggare den distans och asymmetriska relation som finns mellan civilsamhällets centrum och periferi. Avslutningsvis diskuteras det om betydelsen av brobyggare kan ses som en övergripande trend som bottnar i ett alltmer uppdelat civilsamhälle i Sverige.
The Digital Right To Be Forgotten in Sweden - The theory and practice of privacy protection mechanisms in the face of referencing by search enginesMer info
In: The Right to be Forgotten in Europe and Beyond/ Le droit à l’oubli en Europe et au-delà. Luxembourg : Blogdroiteuropéen, 2018. 62-71.
Google Inc has received 54,038 requests to dereference Swedish URLs since the judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union, C-131/12 Costeja. After examining these requests, Google removed 43.7% of the search results (i.e. 23,613 URLs) but refused to dereference in 56.3% of cases (i.e. 30,425 URLs). In other words, Google refused to grant the dereferencing requests in a little over half of the cases, which corresponds to the average recorded by the American Internet search engine across all European countries.3What kind of help from public authorities may individuals to whom a request for delisting has been denied by the operator of a search engine have at their disposal? In other words, how do the Swedish authorities apply the Google ruling? These are the questions tackled in this paper, first focusing on the manner the Data Protection Authority, the Datainspektion (DI), deals with the issue, then looking at how the courts handle complaints against a search engine operator’s decision not to delist an incriminated URL.
[Book review:] Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es (Eds.), The Datafied Society - Reviewed by Ester AppelgrenMer info
International Journal of Communication 2018, 12 : 433-435.
Will the current practice of data and digital analysis harm humanities scholarship? Or will increasing access to data and easy-to-use tools for digital analysis instead strengthen the ability to critically interpret culture and contemporary life? These two perspectives permeate The Datafied Society: Studying Culture through Data, edited by Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es.
Trade and Investment in the Baltic Sea Region, 1990-2015 - Lessons and Implications for Region-BuildingMer info