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Madeleine Hurd

Madeleine Hurd

Associate Professor

Senior Lecturer

School of Historical and Contemporary Studies

Contact information

Madeleine Hurd
Senior Lecturer
Alfred Nobels allé 7
Södertörns Högskola
Phone: +46 8 608 4465
Fax: +46 8 608 4360
F 915 F-huset

Madeleine Hurd:
Curriculum vitae


Ph.D. History  Harvard University 1993

"The Elusive Alliance: Socialists and Liberals in Hamburg and Stockholm, 1875-1914"

B.A.   History  Univ. of Calif., Berkeley 1982


Södertörn University, Assistant Professor, 1999 - . History.

Univ. of Pittsburgh, Assistant Professor, 1993-1998. History.

City College of New York, Adjunct, 1990-1993.

Cooper Union, Adjunct, 1991-1993.

New School of Social Research, Adjunct, 1992.

New York University, Adjunct, 1991.

Eugene Lang College, Adjunct, 1991.

Harvard University, Teaching Fellow, 1986-8.

Post-Doctoral Research Projects

2010-2012: "The Performance of Eco-Nationalism: A Comparative Study of Radical-Right 'Ecology'", within Media, Communication, and the Social Performance of Environmentalism: Comparing Ecological Collectives on Two Sides of the Baltic Sea, project leader Heike Graf (Media and Communication). Fellow project member Robert Hamrén. (Baltic Sea Foundation Fund, half-time wages, three years)

2006-2009: "Ethnic Performances, Media and Emotions on Germany's Borderlands, 1860-1930", within Enchanted Identities: Symbols, Rituals and Feelings around the Baltic Sea, 1860-1950, project leader Tom Olsson. Fellow project members Git Claesson-Pipping and David Thurfjell. (Baltic Sea Foundation Fund, half-time wages, four years)

2003-2005: "Borderline Cases: Identities at the Margin. Between Individual, Community and Nation: Case Studies of Polish, Danish and German Identities, 1849-1919" within Creating Communities, Citizens, Outcasts and Heroes: Mediated Identities around the Baltic Sea, ca. 1850-2000, project leader Tom Olsson. Fellow project member Joanna Bankier. (Baltic Sea Foundation Fund, half-time wages, three years)

2000-2002: "Media Cultures and the Construction of Nationality, Gender and Citizenship", within Media Societies around the Baltic Sea, project leaders Tom Olsson and Jan Ekecrantz (History). Fellow project members Patrik Åker, Kerstin Olofsson and Kristina Riegert. (Baltic Sea Foundation Fund, half-time wages, three years)



Public Spheres, Public Mores, and Democracy: Hamburg and Stockholm, 1875-1914 Series Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany, series editor Geoff Eley. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000. 315 p.

Manuscript submitted for publication:

Media, Rituals, and the Performance of Belonging in Germany's Contested Borderlands, 1918-1920. 243 manuscript pages. Currently under review for publication in Series Södertörn University Studies of History, planned publication Winter 2011.

Peer-reviewed articles and anthology contributions[1]:

"Reporting on Civic Rituals: Texts, Performers and Audience", in Ritual and Media: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, eds. Christiane Brosius & Karin Polit. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2010. 27p.

"Mediesystem, tidningsgenrer och offentliga riter i 1865 års reformrörelse", in Artonhundratalets mediesystem (Media Systems, Newspaper Genres and Public Rituals in the Reform Movement of 1865", in Nineteenth-Century Media Systems), eds. Jonas Harvard & Patrick Lundell. Stockholm: Mediehistoriskt arkiv, 2010. 24p.

"Class, Ethnicity and the Media: Danzig 1918-19", in The Challenge of the Baltic Sea Region: Culture, Ecology, Democracy, eds. Göran Bolin, Monica Hammer, Frank-Michael Kirsch & Wojciech Szrubka. Södertörn Academic Studies 29, Stockholm 2005. 22p.

"Identitet och mode" (together with Tom Olsson) and "Klädd till gatustrid: Uniformkulten bland nazisternas Sturmabteilung", in Iklädd identitet. Historiska studier av kropp och kläder ("Identity and Fashion" and "Dressed for Street Battle: The Uniform Cult among the Nazi Sturmabteilung", in Dressed in Identity: Historical Studies of Bodies and Clothing), eds. Madeleine Hurd, Tom Olsson & Lisa Öberg. Södertörn Studies in History 1. Stockholm: Carlssons Bokförlag, 2005. 21s + 34p.

"Placing Good and Evil: Revolutionaries, Streets and Carnival in German and Swedish Newspapers, 1918-1919," in News of the Other, ed. Kristina Riegert. Stockholm: Nordicom, 2005. 33p.

"Introduction" and "Masculine Spirit, Feminine Flesh: Women as Objects of Newspaper Gaze", in Encounters: Representations of the Others in Modern European History, ed. Madeleine Hurd. (Södertörn Research Report 5/03, 2003). 15 + 32p. (Used as text in Södertörn history courses.)

"Class, Masculinity, Manners and Mores: Politics, Public Space and Public Sphere in Nineteenth-Century Europe", in Social Science History (Fall 2000). 35p.

"Oligarchs, Liberals, and Mittelstand: Defining Civil Society in Hamburg, 1858-1862," in Paradoxes of Civil Society: New Perspectives on Modern Germany and British History, ed. Frank Trentmann. Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2000. 23p.

"Liberals, Socialists, and Sobriety: The Rhetoric of Citizenship in Turn-of-the-Century Sweden", International Labor and Working-Class History, 1994. 30p.

Other scholarly articles:

"Introduction" and "Contested Masculinities in Inter-War Flensburg", in Bordering the Baltic: Scandinavian Boundary-Drawing Processes, 1900-2000, ed. Madeleine Hurd. Nordische Geschichte 10, series editor Jens Olesen. Berlin/London: Lektorat Berlin, 2010. 46+40p.

"Introduction" and "Waiting to be Free: Danzig, 1918-19", in Borderland Identities: Territory and Belonging in North, Central and East Europe, ed. Madeleine Hurd. Baltic and East European Studies 8, Eslöv: Gondolin, 2006. 20 + 40p.

"Theatres of Revolution: Germany, November 1918", in I all anspråkslöshet: En vänbok  till Lars Björlin, ed. Kekke Stadin. Södertörn Studies in History 2, 2005. 35p.

"Introduction" (co-author with other editors) and "The Female and the Nation: The Rhetoric of German-Polish Difference", in Gender Transitions in Russia and Eastern Europe, eds. Ildiko Asztalos Morell, Helene Carlbäck, Madeleine Hurd & Sara Rastbäck. Eslöv: Gondolin, 2005. 21 + 26 p.

"Introduction" (together with Tom Olsson) and "Reasonable Speakers, Those Who Can't Talk: Defining People In and Out of the Public Sphere in Pre-War Prussian Poland", in Storylines: Media, Power and Identity in Modern Europe, eds. Madeleine Hurd, Tom Olsson and Patrik Åker. Stockholm: Hjalmarson och Högberg, 2002. 15 + 32p.

"Citizenship Redefined: Patriarchy, Work, Masculinity, and the Debate over Guilds in Europe, 1825-1870", in Människan i historia och samtid (The Historical and Contemporary Human). Stockholm: Hjalmarson och Högberg, 2000. 26p.

"A Tale of Two Cities: Bourgeoisie and Labor in Hamburg and Stockholm", in Language and the Construction of Class Identities, ed. Bo Stråth. Gothenburg University, 1990. 22p.

Editor / co-editor of anthologies:

Editor, Bordering the Baltic: Scandinavian Boundary-Drawing Processes, 1900-2000 Nordische Geschichte 10, Berlin/London: Lektorat Berlin, 2010. 240p.

Editor, Borderland Identities: Territory and Belonging in North, Central and East Europe (Baltic and East European Studies 8; Eslöv: Gondolin, 2006. 507p.

Co-editor, Gender Transitions in Russia and Eastern Europe, eds. Ildiko Asztalos Morell, Helene Carlbäck, Madeleine Hurd & Sara Rastbäck. 256p.

Co-editor, Iklädd identitet. Historiska studier av kropp och kläder, eds. Madeleine Hurd, Tom Olsson & Lisa Öberg. Stockholm: Carlssons Bokförlag, 2005. 263p.

Editor, Encounters: Representations of the Others in Modern European History Södertörn Research Report 5/03 (2003). 207p.

Co-editor, Storylines: Media, Power and Identity in Modern Europe – Festskrift för Jan Ekecrantz, eds. Madeleine Hurd, Tom Olsson och Patrik Åker (Hjalmarson och Högberg, 2002). 235p.

Book Reviews / Opinion Pieces / Shorter Notices

Review of Anette Jacobesen, "Husbondret: rettighedskulturer in Danmark 1750-1920", Historisk tidskrift (2010)

Review of Håkan Forsell, ed. "Den kalla och varma staden: migration och stadsförändringar in Stockholm efter 1970", Historisk tidskrift (2010)

"Hamburg 1789 – 1914", in Encyclopaedia of Europe 1789-1914, ed. John Merriman & Jay Winter (Farmington Hills: Charles Scribner's Sons / Macmillan Reference USA, 2005). 7p.

Review of Norbert Götz, "Ungleiche Geschwister: Die Konstruktion von nationalsozialistischer Volkgemeinschaft und schwedischem Volksheim", American Historical Review (April 2003)

"Genrernas uppror" (together with Tom Olsson), opinion piece Historisk tidskrift (2002). 3p.

"Healthy, Homosexual, and Whore: The State and the Body in Modern Sweden," literature overview för Journal of Urban Studies (2002). 7p.

Review of Teresa Kulawik, "Wohlfahrstaat und Mutterschaft: Schweden und Deutschland 1870-1912" och  Rolf Torstendahl, "State Policy and Gender System in the Two German States and Sweden1945-1989", American Historical Review (2001)

"Scandinavian Childhoods: A Review of Recent Research," Journal of Urban Studies (2001). 7p.

Review of Simone Lässig, James Retallack et al (eds), "Modernisierung und Region im wilhelminischen Deutschland", German Studies Review (1999)

Review of Sidsel Eriksen, "Söster Silfverberg's Sorger," International Social History of Alcohol Review (1995)

Review of Thomas Childers et al, "Reevaluating the Third Reich," Science and Society (1994)

Research Awards

Södertörn University Project Development Grant: "Newspapers, Gender and the Performance of Minority Identities in Baltic-Area Borderlands, 1870-1930", 2010 (1 month)

Univ. of Pittsburgh Western European Studies Course Development Grants (2 months, 1998-9)

Fellowship, Univ. of Pittsburgh Chancellor's Diversity Workshop, 1997 (1 month)

The Hewlitt International Small Grants Program, 1996 (2 months)

The Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Stipendium, 1988-1989 (1 full year)

The Harvard Krupp Scholarship, 1987-1988 (2 full years)

American Scandinavian Foundation Summer Research Grant, 1985, 1988 (4 months)

International Research Networks

Appointment by Swedish Näringsgdepartement as Swedish National COST Coordinator: Swedish Representative, Management Committee of European Union's "European concerted research action" COST-Action IS0803, Remaking eastern borders in Europe: A network exploring social, moral and material relocations on Europe's eastern peripheries, 2008-2012.

Member, History Department Environmental History Platform: Environmental Studies within Humanities and Social Sciences. Presented paper in international workshop Environmental History, Södertörn March 2009; contributed to creating international contact-net.

Co-arranger, one-day panel session "Emotions, Gender and Cultures of Feeling" (with Prof. Christina Florin and Prof. Tom Olsson) within the conference Feminist Research Methods (8 international participants), Stockholms universitet 2009.

Conference arranger, three-day conference Enchanted Borders: Symbols, Histories and Memory (16 international participants) Södertörn 2007, editor for the follow-up anthology Bordering the Baltic (2010).

(Please see "Presentation svenska" for additional vita information; below for a longer description of my research.)

Madeleine Hurd

I was born in Tokyo, Japan, in 1957, moving to the US in 1958. I lived in Sweden for eight years as a child; in 1999, I moved back, becoming a Swedish citizen in 2006.

Scholarly History

My Bachelor of Arts is from the University of California, Berkeley, magna cum laude in modern history. In 1983, I was accepted to Harvard University, where advisors Charles Maier and David Blackbourn supervised my thesis on comparative Swedish-German history.

My dissertation, The Elusive Alliance: Liberals, Socialists and Democracy in Hamburg and Stockholm 1870-1914, asked "Why did democracy fail in Germany, but not in Sweden? Insofar as Sweden's democratisation co-depended on socialist-liberal alliances, what can comparative urban case-histories tell us about the sources of such alliances?" The use of comparative studies of grass-roots urban political mobilisation has, indeed, remained a major research strategy ever since.

In order to complete the thesis, I applied for and received two major and two minor research grants, which together made it possible for me to spend two and a half years in Hamburg and Stockholm archives. After a year teaching (as a graduate student) at Harvard, I joined my husband in New York, where I finished my dissertation.

While there, I worked for several years, full-time, as an adjunct teacher, gaining valuable experience at New York's universities and colleges. As a graduate student, I published two articles (one in an anthology edited by Bo Stråth, the second in International Labor and Working-Class History). The first discussed Hamburg's socialist-liberal relations; the second the importance of temperance in encouraging Sweden's cross-class alliances. As of 1988, I have presented my work at one or more national or international conferences per year.

I was awarded my Ph.D. in 1993. In 1993, I was employed as Assistant Professor in History at Pittsburgh University. During my four-and-a-half years at the University, I contributed to the Department's student administration and scholarly life, developed and taught new courses on all levels, received additional research grants, modified and deepened my research, published two articles, and had a book accepted by the Univ. of Michigan Press.

In the United States, dissertations are not published. Scholars are, rather, expected to spend two years restructuring and developing their dissertation, by, not least, deepening its theoretical and methodological focus. My book, Public Spheres, Public Mores and Democracy: Hamburg and Stockholm 1870-1914 was, indeed, based on the research material gathered for my dissertation, but had a substantially different theme. New work on Jürgen Habermas's theories concerning the public sphere had inspired me to focus on the public sphere's definition of the legitimate public sphere actor – in my case, the respectable male – in explaining class identities and relations. This was the beginning of a new scholarly focus on the history of gender and media.

My changing interests were reflected in the articles I wrote during these years: "Education, Morality and the Politics of Class", for the Journal of Contemporary History and "Class, Masculinity, Manners and Mores", Social Science History, as well as an article on Hamburg civil society published in the anthology Paradoxes in Civil Society. I remained focused on 19th-century urban history, but with a shift of emphasis from class to cultural, gender and public-sphere identities.

The acceptance of my book manuscript for publication made me eligible for application for promotion at the University of Pittsburgh. I chose, instead, to accept employment at Södertörn University (then College). I had long wished to return to Sweden; I wanted to be closer to my historical sources; and Södertörn's reputation as a new, exciting college, and its History Department's particular interest in gender, representation and media decided me to accept an Assistant Professorship there in 1999. In 2000, I was invited to join a Baltic Sea Foundation-funded research project. Working first with Tom Olsson and then with Media and Communications scholar Heike Graf, I helped formulate and execute three subsequent three-year research projects. In these, I have had sub-projects focused on 19th and 20th century German-Polish and German-Danish borderland cities. Here, I have been able to fine-hone my interests in the interrelation between class, ethnic and gender identity-formation, grass-roots associational, ritual-emotional and discursive mobilisation, territorial boundary-drawing, and the narratives and genres of local media.

I became adept at publishing anthologies containing – translated and heavily edited – work produced by project members and international scholars (including those invited to conferences I had arranged), such as Borderland Identities: Territory and Belonging in North, Central and East Europe (2006) and Bordering the Baltic: Scandinavian Boundary-Drawing Processes (2010). They include work from some of the most prominent scholars in the fields. As can be seen by their focus, much of my subsequent interest linked the above-mentioned themes with investigation into processes of territorial boundary-drawing – as can be seen by my own, 2011 book manuscript on the issue. In this and other publications, I never lost my initial interest in urban political movements; but the scope has deepened and widened, ranging from media representations of mid-19th-century Swedish liberal rituals, through the performances of territorial belonging in post-WWI German borderlands, to the street theatre of German Nazis.

I have, throughout, concentrated on three themes. The first, most general, has to do with grass-roots reactions to the 19th century's great social changes: liberal economics, the liberal public sphere, liberal nationalism and - associated with these - the increasingly strong emphasis on a binary gender system. My interest in the first two of these lay behind my work on 19th-century artisanal protectionism, published in "Oligarchs, Liberals, and Mittelstand"; while my article "Citizenship Redefined: Patriarchy, Work, Masculinity" linked both of these to the 19th century redefinitions of masculine natures. I explored the use of women as national symbols in "The Female and the Nation: The Rhetoric of German-Polish Difference"; and, finally, the image of the male as the nation's self-sacrificing defender in the Nazis' Storm Troopers' cult of body and uniform. "Klädd till gatustrid" is an analysis of the SA's anti-liberal return to soldierly street theatre, in open challenge to bourgeois definitions of proper public behaviour and taste.

My second theme derived from discourse theory and theories of the media, with focus on German (and to some extent Swedish, Danish and Polish) newspapers, 1865-1919. How do representations work; what use is made by newspapers, and other sources, of narratives, genres, empty signifiers, interpellations and voice? What genres might be used to establish legitimate and illegitimate political actors; to represent significant – or ludicrous - civic rituals; to distinguish between acceptable, and disgusting, revolutions? Here, I have argued for the power exercised by newspapers as co-creators of imagined communities and geographies, as well as the arrangement of collectives into hierarchical sets of normal, abstract, versus abnormal, questionable and embodied social actors. This has been the theme in, for instance, "Masculine Spirit, Feminine Flesh: Women as Objects of Newspaper Gaze" (based on late 19th-century German newspapers), "Mediesystem, tidningsgenrer och offentliga riter i 1865 års reformrörelse" (Swedish newspapers); "Theatres of Revolution: Germany, November 1918" (eye-witness German sources) and "Placing Good and Evil: Revolutionaries, Streets and Carnival in German and Swedish Newspapers, 1918-1919".

My third theme builds on the first two. I am, finally, interested in how media operationalise different public-sphere and masculinity norms during times of crisis. Here, I have returned to urban history and the local public sphere. After the loss of World War One, the Entente declared that parts of Germany would be re-assigned to Poland, Denmark and France, on the basis of (among other things) the principle of self-determination. Danzig, Fortress Posen and Flensburg were three of the cities affected. These make an interesting comparison: Danzig, 95% German, ending up as a "Free City"; Posen, 60% Polish, soon taken over in a pre-emptive Polish rebellion; and Flensburg, 25% Danish, voting via a plebiscite to remain with Germany. In each case, local populations, both German, Polish and Danish, has fought hard to influence their city's fate; in each, local newspapers had taken whole-hearted part in their struggles.

Here, I narrowed my study from the general analysis of newspaper rhetoric to one that considers the way in which local newspapers were embedded in local discourse communities; and a consideration, in turn, of the grass-roots associational life upon which such communities depended. Discourse scholars had already shown me how newspapers were important in maintaining local and subaltern communities, not least by providing them with narratives of collective memory which, in turn, could be used to frame and contextualise the community's various activities. Turning to work done on so-called new social movements, I found detailed explorations of the emotional structures that impel such grass-roots political mobilisation. Cultural geographers helped me understand the meaning of "place" as something experienced and performed, and to link grass-roots emotional structures to the performance of exclusionary claims to territory. This was particularly relevant to my study of borderland cities, where – during these dramatic years – it was to be established that one group, and not the other, was existentially bound to a city, and had an exclusive right to define its essence. Ritual studies, then, showed how emotional structures and the performance of place could be reinforced and publicised in civic rituals, meant to function as collective claims to space. Finally, I returned to media studies, in order to look at how media reports on such mass rituals functioned, both for participants and for larger audiences.

This, then, was the theory, method and subject of my later research, developed while a member of two Baltic-Sea Foundation-funded research projects and owing a good del to inspiration from project colleagues Tom Olsson and David Thurfjell (as well as colleagues in the EU-funded scholarly network EastBordNet). My findings, first presented in conference papers and anthology articles ("Reporting on Civic Rituals", "Class, Ethnicity and the Media: Danzig 1918-19", and "Contested Masculinities in Inter-War Flensburg"), are presented in Media, Rituals, and the Performance of Belonging in Germany's Contested Borderlands, 1918-1920. This book, which is also inspired by my current research project into the medialised creation of counter-hegemonic community identities, is currently under consideration for publication by Södertörn Historical Studies.

In this book, I argue that newspaper texts framing and reporting on ethnic and nationalist civic rituals illuminate the way in which exclusionary claims to territory were formulated in post World War One Danzig, Posen and Flensburg. Newspapers claimed the ability to distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate political actors. This was according, for instance, to their supposed ability to adhere to "parliamentary" rituals and to specific masculine emotional registers, when executing politics; or in their supposed demonstration of sincerity, collective unity and emotions in mass meetings and demonstrations. If they showed illicit types of masculinity, the wrong types of emotions, or failed to conform to certain rituals, local newspapers might dismiss them as riots or insincere theatre.

This mattered. Local newspapers were the first, self-appointed judges of such things. Their verdict was widely publicised. In 1918-20, when local populations were mobilising, en masse, in demonstrations meant to influence their cities' fate, newspapers were highly involved. They took sides. They sought to confirm the eternal and essential truth of our meetings' claims not only to locals, but to a national and international audience – while showing those same national and international powers that their mass meetings expressed nothing but cynical, manipulative nonsense. In looking at how this was done differently in the three cities studied – how local newspapers operationalised different definitions of pubic sphere legitimacy and masculinity – we can learn something not only about how inter-war territorial claims were formulated, but how media, ritual and territorial claims intereact today.

As of 2011, my research had taken on a new focus – moving to the modern era, the far-right, and to ecology. My current projects looks at the 'imagined communities' of newspapers and other forms of mass-mediated communication in an examination of the penetration of eco-nationalism into German and Swedish media discourse. I want to show how different types of communication forums create different types of discursive fields and performances; at how such collectives encourage "ecological" performances of social roles, and how such roles might draw strength from or conflict with other types of (gender, nationalist) roles. Together with my other two project members – Heike Graf in Media Studies and Robert Hamrén in Gender Studies – I hope to do pioneering research on how environmentalist discourses, collectives and roles compare in the two culturally-related Baltic Sea countries, Sweden and Germany.