About us / Schools

Social Sciences

Interior from Södertörn UniversityWe conduct research and education in Business Studies, International Relations, Journalism, Economics, Public Law, Psychology, Social Work, Sociology and Political Science.

Publications

Publications from the DiVA publications database are listed here on an ongoing basis.
Publications

In: Hunger and Malnutrition as major challenges of the 21st Century. : World Scientific, 2019. -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Priya Rampal

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2019

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Styra och leda med tillit. Stockholm : Norstedts Juridik AB, 2018. 197-220.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Elisabeth Sundin

Magdalena Elmersjö

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys 2018, 9 : 103-128.

I Nazem Tahvilzadeh och Lisa Kings artikel diskuteras orsakerna till den uppståndelse, eller ”kaos” för att använda aktivisternas egna ord, som organisationen Megafonen skapade inom ramen för stadsutvecklingsprojektet Järvalyftet i Husby. Med inspiration från teorier om hur samtycke till ojämlikhet grundläggs på fabriksgolvet utvecklas två begrepp för att synliggöra den politiska ordningen i förorten och dess konkreta aktiviteter: urbana styrregimer och demokratiska spel. Studien visar hur Megafonens avhopp och sedermera kritik av Järvalyftet och förortspolitiken bröt mot den etablerade politiska ordningen i relationerna mellan stat och civilsamhälle i den urbana periferin. Aktivisternas handlingar kom därför att betraktas som ”skandalösa” av delar av det politiska etablissemanget. Megafonen vägrade att spela enligt spelets regler och synliggjorde således ojämlikheterna i förortspolitikens demokratiska spel med medborgarna. Underlaget för studien baseras på processpårande och etnografisk metod som empiriskt återskapar den förortspolitiska satsningen Järvalyftet och dess logiker samt Megafonens roll 2006–2013.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Nazem Tahvilzadeh

Lisa Kings

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys 2018, 9 : 7-25.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Magnus Dahlstedt

Lisa Kings

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Samhällsarbete. Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2018. 299-319.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lisa KingsZhanna Kravchenko

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social WorkSociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys 2018, 9 : 77-102.

Lisa Kings artikel studerar individer som fungerat som så kallade brobyggare mellan äldre civilsamhällesorganisationer och en ny förortsrörelse i Sverige. Materialet utgörs primärt av intervjuer med professionellt verksamma i tre etablerade civilsamhällesorganisationer. Analysen visar att brobyggarnas roll och position har använts för att stödja förortsrörelsens uppstart, men att brobyggarnas kamp i förlängningen handlat om att förändra och (re)vitalisera den egna organisationen. I ljuset av detta illustrerar behovet av brobyggare den distans och asymmetriska relation som finns mellan civilsamhällets centrum och periferi. Avslutningsvis diskuteras det om betydelsen av brobyggare kan ses som en övergripande trend som bottnar i ett alltmer uppdelat civilsamhälle i Sverige.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lisa Kings

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Right to be Forgotten in Europe and Beyond/ Le droit à l’oubli en Europe et au-delà. Luxembourg : Blogdroiteuropéen, 2018. 62-71.

Google Inc has received 54,038 requests to dereference Swedish URLs since the judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union, C-131/12 Costeja. After examining these requests, Google removed 43.7% of the search results (i.e. 23,613 URLs) but refused to dereference in 56.3% of cases (i.e. 30,425 URLs). In other words, Google refused to grant the dereferencing requests in a little over half of the cases, which corresponds to the average recorded by the American Internet search engine across all European countries.3What kind of help from public authorities may individuals to whom a request for delisting has been denied by the operator of a search engine have at their disposal? In other words, how do the Swedish authorities apply the Google ruling? These are the questions tackled in this paper, first focusing on the manner the Data Protection Authority, the Datainspektion (DI), deals with the issue, then looking at how the courts handle complaints against a search engine operator’s decision not to delist an incriminated URL.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

Nordicom Information 2018, 40 (1): 76-77.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ester Appelgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

International Journal of Communication 2018, 12 : 433-435.

Will the current practice of data and digital analysis harm humanities scholarship? Or will increasing access to data and easy-to-use tools for digital analysis instead strengthen the ability to critically interpret culture and contemporary life? These two perspectives permeate The Datafied Society: Studying Culture through Data, edited by Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ester Appelgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Mikael LönnborgMikael Olsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift 2018, 2 : -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mats Larsson

Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 2018, : -.

AIMS: To examine the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and suicidal behavior in psychiatric outpatients and whether this association differs among patients with different psychiatric disorders.METHODS: Cross-sectional data came from the Japan Prevalence Study of Adult ADHD at Psychiatric Outpatient Care (the J-PAAP study) which included psychiatric outpatients aged 18-65 years recruited from one university hospital and three general psychiatric outpatient clinics in Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka, Japan in April 2014 to January 2015 (N=864). The Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener was used to collect information on ADHD symptoms. Reports of current and lifetime suicidal behavior were also obtained. A multivariable Poisson regression analysis was used to examine the association between ADHD symptoms and suicidal behavior.RESULTS: After adjusting for covariates there was a strong association between possible ADHD (ASRS ≥ 14) and suicidal behavior with prevalence ratios ranging from 1.17 (lifetime suicidal ideation) to 1.59 (lifetime suicide attempt) and 2.36 (current suicidal ideation). When ASRS strata were used, there was a dose-response association between increasing ADHD symptoms and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Analyses of individual ICD-10 psychiatric disorders showed that associations varied across disorders and that for anxiety disorder ADHD symptoms were significantly linked to all forms of suicidal behavior.CONCLUSION: ADHD symptom severity is associated with an increased risk for suicidal behavior in general psychiatric outpatients. As ADHD symptoms are common among adult psychiatric outpatients, detecting and treating ADHD in this population may be important for preventing suicidal behavior. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Hisateru Tachimori

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Minerva 2018, : -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Maria Blomgren

Noomi Weinryb

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Det gränslösa samtalet. Lund : Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018. 163-170.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl Magnus Johansson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

British Journal of Psychiatry 2018, 212 (6): 356-361.

BACKGROUND: Suicide has been decreasing over the past decade. However, we do not know whether socioeconomic inequality in suicide has been decreasing as well.AimsWe assessed recent trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in 15 European populations.METHOD: The DEMETRIQ study collected and harmonised register-based data on suicide mortality follow-up of population censuses, from 1991 and 2001, in European populations aged 35-79. Absolute and relative inequalities of suicide according to education were computed on more than 300 million person-years.RESULTS: In the 1990s, people in the lowest educational group had 1.82 times more suicides than those in the highest group. In the 2000s, this ratio increased to 2.12. Among men, absolute and relative inequalities were substantial in both periods and generally did not decrease over time, whereas among women inequalities were absent in the first period and emerged in the second.CONCLUSIONS: The World Health Organization (WHO) plan for 'Fair opportunity of mental wellbeing' is not likely to be met.Declaration of interestNone.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Vincent Lorant

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

International Journal of Market Research 2018, : 1-14.

Patients seeking medical care are travelling greater distances for treatment. The globalisation of healthcare has given rise to a thriving global medical services industry. The ability to gain access to more advanced treatments, differences in cost and inflexible national healthcare systems encourage patients to seek treatment abroad. In the new information age, patients seek information about available treatment opportunities with less regard to national boundaries. International hospitals are seeking new marketing strategies for their services. Today, much of the marketing takes place on the Internet, which is accelerating the internationalisation of the medical services industry. This article presents a comparative and interpretive study. We have interpreted the market orientation and degree of specialisation of hospitals in Singapore and in Sweden, which in turn are compared to leading hospitals in the US. In this research, we present evidence of different approaches to medical tourism based on different organisational frameworks for the marketing of medical services to international patients. The study indicates that market orientation results in greater emphasis on superior service quality of health care. This in turn leads to the delivery of improved services to patients. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Erik BorgKjell Ljungbo

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Democratic Theory 2018, 5 (1): 1-17.

This article investigates civic-political and cognitive participation as they play out in democratic theory. Its core purpose is to develop a conceptual-normative critique of the presupposition in liberal democratic theory that these logics are mutually reinforcing and complementary. This misunderstanding of a theoretical ambivalence contributes to inhibiting constructive assessment of epistocratic*technocratic frameworks of democratic interpretation and theory. I demonstrate that these logics circulate contrasting views of democratic power and legitimacy and should be disentangled to make sense of liberal democratic theoretical and political spaces. This critique is then fed into a political-epistemological interrogation of post-truth and alt-facts rhetorical registers in contemporary liberal democratic life, concluding that neither logic of participation can harbor this unanticipated and fundamentally nonaligned way of doing liberal democratic democracy.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Peter Strandbrink

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psychiatry Research 2018, : -.

Abstract Despite an increasing focus on the role of mood and emotions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as yet, there has been comparatively little research on positive emotions. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and happiness using data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. The analytic sample comprised 7274 adults aged 18 and above residing in private households in England. Information was collected on ADHD symptoms using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener, while happiness was assessed with a single (3-point) measure. Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis and a mediation analysis were performed to examine associations. Greater ADHD symptom severity was associated with higher odds for feeling less happy. Emotional instability (percentage mediated 37.1%), anxiety disorder (35.6%) and depression (29.9%) were all important mediators of the association between ADHD and happiness. Given that happiness has been linked to a number of beneficial outcomes, the results of this study highlight the importance of diagnosing ADHD in adults and also of screening for and treating any comorbid psychiatric disorders in these individuals.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ai Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Higher Education 2018, : 1-16.

This article deals with individuals of immigrant background in Swedish higher education—i.e., those who have a PhD and work in Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to examine whether and how factors other than academic qualifications—such as gender and migrant background—may affect the individual’s ability to find employment and pursue a successful career in a Swedish institution of higher education. The data used in the first section are Swedish registry data (LISA database and population), administered by Statistics Sweden. The second part of the paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 19 academics of migrant background. The results show that, given the same work experience and compared to the reference group (born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America are, firstly, more likely to be unemployed and, secondly, if they are employed, to have a lower income (lower position). The ways in which such gaps arises are also examined. © 2018 The Author(s)

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

H. H. Leivestad

Alireza Behtoui

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psychology of Music 2018, : -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Maria Sandgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Svenska dagbladet 2018, 7 mars : 18-.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Pamela Schultz Nybacka

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of quantitative criminology 2018, : 1-26.

Objectives: The knowledge of the effects of white-collar crimes is incomplete. In the article, we operationalize white-collar crimes as bankruptcy frauds. Economic models maintain that interlinkages between firms may give ‘domino effects’: bankruptcy events could lead to ‘bankruptcy chains’ in which a bankruptcy spreads to other firms. Analogously, criminologists assert that social and economic networks can be a major source of fraud diffusion, with the potential to drive other firms bankrupt. Recent empirical results show that crimes may have detrimental and even asymmetric (nonlinear) effects on economic activity. We analyze the diffusion and the aggregate development of bankruptcy frauds in Sweden over nearly two hundred years, specifically focusing on the relationship between bankruptcy frauds and the bankruptcy volume. We also consider linkages between bankruptcy frauds, bankruptcies, and the macroeconomic cycle. Methods: We use long, aggregate time series, collected from several different historical and contemporary sources. Applying the recently developed cointegrating nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag (NARDL) model, we investigate whether the bankruptcy volume reacts asymmetrically to increases and decreases in bankruptcy frauds, both in the short and the long run. Results: Bankruptcy frauds reveal a causal effect on bankruptcies, showing an asymmetric (nonlinear) diffusion effect from economic frauds to the bankruptcy volume. Increases in bankruptcy frauds have a positive and significant effect on the bankruptcy volume. However, decreases in bankruptcy frauds show no significant effect. No causal relationship between the macroeconomic cycle and bankruptcy frauds is found. Conclusions: Our data and research approach demonstrate how previously generated hypotheses in both criminology and economic research on the relationship between (economic) crimes, economic activity, and the diffusion of white-collar crime can be tested at an aggregate level. © 2018 The Author(s)

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl GratzerMarcus BoxXiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationEconomics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Small Business Economics 2018, : 1-21.

Entrepreneurship will not always productive: Baumol (1990, 1993) distinguishes between productive, unproductive, and destructive entrepreneurial activities, and in the last two cases, new values are not created. Setting of from the notion of destructive entrepreneurship and the bankruptcy institute as framework for the empirical analysis, we use long aggregate series on bankruptcies and bankruptcy frauds in Sweden, 1830–2010. We operationalize destructive entrepreneurship with bankruptcy frauds. The bankruptcy institute is not a pure cleansing mechanism; assets can be redistributed by criminal procedure. Thus, a form of destructive entrepreneurship can be conducted within this system. We link bankruptcy frauds to the selection mechanism—the aggregate bankruptcy volume—over time. We cannot establish any direct linkages between the bankruptcy volume and institutional changes. However, and in line with research on bankruptcy diffusion and diffusion of economic crimes, we find that bankruptcy frauds have significant, positive impacts on the bankruptcy volume. Therefore, our results indicate that increases in bankruptcy frauds, destructive entrepreneurship, would affect the economic system. © 2018 The Author(s)

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl GratzerMarcus BoxXiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationEconomics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Agriculture 2018, 8 (4): -.

This article highlights the motivational factors behind consumers’ and tourists’ decisions to buy local artisan cheese in Jämtland (Sweden). Empirically, the case itself diverts from the typical Franco-Mediterranean case in which both the actions of producers and consumers are embedded in historical, long-term culinary traditions and territorial features, nor is it the typical farmers’ market or another market-driven direct produce system. The main purpose is to shed light on the motivational factors behind the purchasing decision of consumers and tourists by studying the attributes that consumers embody in the products. The article is based on two consumer surveys/short interviews, the first conducted in June 2012 and the second in February 2017. The results were tested against/related to the wider local food discussion conceptualized through four types of attributes. Namely, intrinsic and extrinsic attributes; post-modernity and environmental attributes; geographical and territorial attributes; and local and rural development attributes. The results in this article clearly show that consumers value a combination of different attributes from both market-driven direct produce systems and close typicity systems. Therefore, the construction of proximity from the point of view of the consumer can be derived from a complex set of attributes and motivational factors not normally highlighted in the localized food discussion

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Chloe Girard

Paulina RytkönenMadeleine Bonow

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationEnvironmental Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Energy Research & Social Science 2018, : -.

Abstract Neoliberal trends are a part of the sociopolitical contexts that shape present-day energy transitions. Economic arguments extensively used in nuclear energy discourses regarding the Nuclear Renaissance period may indicate that neoliberal trends have penetrated discussions about energy transitions. This article examines the presence of neoliberal rationality in the official nuclear energy discourses coming from Russia and Poland. These countries are interesting in respect to their relatively recent changes towards a market economy. Neoliberal rationality is defined in the article as the combination of market rationality, limited role of state, political consensus, governance structures and securitization, following Foucault and Brown. Discourse analysis of the energy policies and speeches of politicians that contain statements about nuclear energy development is carried out. The analysis confirms the significant presence of these themes in nuclear energy discourses as well as discourses reflecting the specificities of the two countries. The combination of the defining features of neoliberal rationality in official nuclear energy discourses seem to leave limited space for challenging nuclear energy development and discussing alternative energy transitions.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ekaterina Tarasova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Tourism Economics 2018, : -.

This study tests for a structural shift in the relationship between revenues of ski lift operators and natural snow conditions. The analysis is based on time series data for the Swedish ski lift industry spanning from 1980 to 2017. Since 1970, snow depth in winter sport destinations has decreased markedly by about 5 cm per decade. Estimations based on the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model show that revenues (in constant prices) of ski lift operators are significantly positively related to natural snow conditions, given the impact of relative prices and real GDP. However, ARDL estimations with rolling windows reveal that the sensitivity of revenues from ski lift ticket sales to variations in snow depth is declining over time. For the subsamples starting at the end of 1980s onward, revenues no longer significantly depend on natural snow depth. This is likely due to the implementation of adaptation measures such as investments in snowmaking facilities. © 2018, The Author(s) 2018.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

M. Falk

Xiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Mobilization 2018, 23 (1): 83-100.

Foundation stones in the resource mobilization theory of social movements are the notions of "conscience adherents" and "conscience constituents," first introduced by McCarthy and Zald in 1977. In this article, we revisit the concept of conscience adherent, by applying it to individuals and groups that are direct supporters of an LGBT movement, but who do not stand to directly benefit from the success should the movement accomplish its goals. Using quantitative data collected during Pride parades in Stockholm, Haarlem, London, and Warsaw, we analyze the group of participants who reported that they were lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender and compare them to heterosexual and gender-conforming participants, identifying factors that explain why people in the latter category participate in Pride parades. We argue that experiences of discrimination, knowing people from the beneficiary group, and/or subscribing to general principles of justice, contribute to conscience adherent participation. Furthermore, based on interviews with Pride parade organizers, we argue that mobilizations based on a more inclusive political strategy will attract more non-LGBT participants.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mattias Wahlström

Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2018.

Vad var reklam?Under 1930-talet var reklam ett nytt modernt fenomen som det fästes visionära förhoppningar vid. Reklamen skulle tjäna samhället och bygga framtiden, menade företrädare för den framväxande näringsgren som reklam var. Reklamen skulle skapa välstånd, men också lära människor trafikvett och den användes även för att lösa samhällsproblem som trångboddhet – även politik kunde det göras reklam för.I denna bok undersöks reklamen som påverkansform och hur den relaterade till andra former av påverkan under 1930-talet; ett decennium under mellankrigstiden, klämt mellan depression och krigshot, men också en tid av utveckling av näringsliv och reklam. Studiens perspektiv är att nå historien om reklamens utveckling från två håll: För det första genom att empiriskt undersöka hur reklamen förstods och brukades. För det andra hur denna utveckling språkliggjordes. Här undersöks relationen mellan reklam och fyra andra kommunikativa begrepp; propaganda, upplysning, agitation och information. Undersökningen har fokuserat på tre olika aktörer; den framväxande reklambranschen, Kooperativa förbundet och det socialdemokratiska partiet.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Elin Gardeström

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

Ukrainian media community since 2013 is undergoing a painful process of continuously adjusting to and counteracting the circumstances of conflict, with external and internal propaganda, economic pressure being a consequence of the more general crisis, and guidelines coming from the state institutions, such as the Ministry of Information Policy (MIP) (e.g. Bolin, Jordan & Ståhlberg 2016, Pantti 2016, Nygren & Hök 2016). Nygren et al. (2016), based on content analysis and interviews with journalists, conclude that one of the main challenges for the Ukrainian journalists today is a conflict between the ideal of neutrality in coverage and favoring of “patriotic journalism” in practice. According to Ukrainian scholars, there are today three groups of journalists: patriotism-charged, who give up standards for the sake of fighting propaganda; supporters of universal standards; and a mixed group (Dutsyk 2017). In order to highlight the role of professional journalism organizations in this divide, this paper focuses on a specific case: project “Two countries – one profession” initiated and supported by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. Being based on the dialogue between Ukrainian and Russian professional journalism organizations around professional standards and safety of journalists, the project is perceived as contradictory and provocative by a part of the Ukrainian media community who suggest that it is “non-patriotic” and “anti-Ukrainian”. The paper is based on analysis of observations of meetings between the National Union of Journalists of Ukraine and the Russian Union of Journalists, interviews with representatives of these and other media organizations and experts in Ukraine, focus groups with the journalists involved in the project, and negative and positive reactions to this project by the Ukrainian media community. It uses Hanitzsch’s model of deconstruction of journalism culture (Hanitzsch 2007, Nygren et al 2016) and Mouffe’s (2013, p.7) conceptualization of agonistic vs. antagonistic struggle.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Critical and Cultural Theory

Advances in Life Course Research 2018, 36 : 80-91.

Abstract We explore whether social mobility influences fertility behavior, using multiple comparative layers to better observe structural and individual-level mechanisms at work. We locate this study in Poland and Russia during periods of socialism and capitalism. Applying event-history analysis techniques to longitudinal micro-data, we find evidence of a relationship between mobility and second birth risks for women only. Status enhancement aims seem the most plausible link between mobility and childbearing. The relationship appears moderated by the economic context, which we interpret as being related to differential selection into upward and downward mobility based on labor market opportunities. In general, the suppressing effect of upward mobility on second birth risks was stronger in the poorer economic context of Russia, whereas the increased second birth risks related to downward mobility were heightened in Poland’s more prosperous context.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Anna Matysiak

Sunnee Billingsley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

European Journal of Management and Business Economics 2018, : -.

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the impact of enterprise systems (ESs), in particular radio frequency identification (RFID) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, on supply chain management (SCM). The results of this conceptual paper demonstrate that ERP and RFID systems contribute to SCM by improving supply chain integration. Supply chain integration occurs to facilitate the flow of financing, products, and information throughout the chain. In this regard, ERP and RFID contribute to integration by enhancing the information flow across the supply chain. Design/methodology/approach This paper proposes a conceptual model developed from the findings of literature review within the research domains of SCM, ESs, and supply chain integration. Findings This conceptual study contributes to the existing theory by linking the concept of information technology, ESs to SCM. The conceptual model in this paper may provide insights for executives who wish to implement ERP or RFID systems in their businesses in order to achieve higher integration, both within internal sectors and also with supply chain partners. Originality/value The findings in this study contribute to the theory base by linking the concept of information technologies, ESs to SCM. The conceptual model presented in this paper can provide insights for executives who wish to implement ERP or RFID systems in their businesses in order to achieve higher integration within internal sectors and with supply chain partners. This study offers new understandings by investigating the impact of ERP and RFID together on SCM.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Fakhreddin Fakhrai Rad

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sustainable Development 2018, : -.

There is broad scientific consensus that increasing global emissions at current rates will result irreversible climate change. The global commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris agreement tries to address this concern with policy changes. But top-down approaches including voluntary emission cuts do not seem politically feasible in all countries. In this paper, we show that moderate voluntary emission cuts (policy) supplemented by technological developments and changes in consumption tastes and preferences induced by educating individuals (stakeholder engagement) could help achieve emission targets. We use a novel dynamical systems modeling approach based on economic theory to show the quantitative tradeoffs between these different approaches. Using this model, we also show how economic development may be balanced by global emissions reductions so that, initially, developing economies can continue along their current growth trajectories and eliminate poverty, and eventually bear more of the emissions reduction burden.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Shyam Ranganathan

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

The European Journal of Women's Studies 2018, : -.

Intimacy, shared experiences and evening out the power relations between researcher and the participants play an important role in feminist methodology. However, as highlighted in previous research on studying ‘up’, such methods might not be appropriate when studying privileged groups. Therefore, studying privileged women challenges fundamental assumptions in feminist methodology. When researching privileged women, the assumption that the researcher is almost always in a superior position within the research process becomes more complicated. The article seeks to contribute to the feminist methodological literature on how to study privileged groups by exploring how class, gender and whiteness are produced in three fieldwork situations with women who hold privileges in a postcolonial and capitalist landscape. Drawing on interviews and participant observations with white Swedish migrant women, the article argues that researchers need to turn the problems, fears and feelings of being uncomfortable into important data, in order to study privileged groups of women.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lena Sohl

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

East European Politics 2018, 34 (2): 123-151.

This article seeks to explain public attitudes to secret surveillance. Secret surveillance, for example wiretapping by intelligence agencies, is a controversial activity that affects fundamental civil liberties in any democratic system. Several large research projects have recently attempted to explain how people form opinions about surveillance in general. Thereby privacy concerns and institutional trust are often highlighted. In this article, we argue that earlier research uses a too narrow definition of attitudes to surveillance and that secret surveillance is particularly sensitive due to its opaque character. We introduce a two-dimensional concept that focuses on rationalistic and emotional responses to surveillance. Drawing on new data from three post-communist societies – Estonia, Poland, and Serbia – we show how institutional trust is mainly responsible for explaining acceptance of secret surveillance, but not how one feels about it. Instead, it is the level of ontological insecurity and privacy concerns that explains this second dimension. The results are theorised and implications for future research are discussed. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Fredrika Björklund

Ola Svenonius


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jaakko TurunenNoomi Weinryb

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psychology of Music 2018, : -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Maria Sandgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Corporate Governance 2018, 18 (2): 185-205.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate whether female leaders are more efficient in family firms than in non-family firms. Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses a unique database of ownership and leadership in private Swedish firms that makes it possible to analyze differences in firm performance due to female leadership in family and non-family firms. The analysis is based on survey data merged with micro-level data on Swedish firms. Only firms with five or more employees are included in the analysis. The sample contains more than 1,000 firms. Findings: The descriptive statistics show that there are many more male than female corporate leaders. However, the regression analysis indicates that female leadership has a much more positive impact on the performance of family firms than on that for non-family firms, where the effect is ambiguous. Originality/value: Comparative studies examining the impact of female leadership on firm-level performance in family and non-family firms are rare, and those that exist are most often either qualitative or focused on large, listed firms. By investigating the role of female directors in family and non-family firms, the study adds to the literature on management, corporate governance and family firms.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

P. -O Bjuggren

Johanna Palmberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sustainability 2018, 10 (3): -.

Both practitioners and researchers are concerned about resource deficiencies on the planet earth and agree that circular business models (CBMs) represent solutions to move towards zero waste, improving environmental impacts and increasing economic profit. Despite all of the benefits of CBMs, the implications are not widely available, and failure rates are high. Thus, there is a need to identify the obstacles that stand in the way of CBM transition. This paper aims to identify the primary challenges of CBMs. Multiple case studies are employed, incorporating six companies and data gleaned from 17 in-depth interviews. Theoretical and managerial implications are described at the end of the study. © 2018 by the authors.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

R. Mostaghel

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Industrial Marketing Management 2018, : -.

The current literature has investigated the direct relationship between collaborative innovation networks and new product performance, but the results are inconsistent. This research aims to explore the role of product and process innovation capabilities as two distinct mechanisms through which collaborative innovation networks improve new product performance. The study also examines the contingent effects of absorptive capacity on the relationship between collaborative innovation networks and the two innovation capability dimensions (i.e. product and process innovation). Survey data from 258 respondents from the Iranian high and medium technology manufacturing industries indicates the need for caution when developing collaborative innovation networks. We found that the effects of collaborative innovation networks on either product or process innovation capability are significant only in the presence of absorptive capacity. This finding suggests that the level of collaboration with different partners can enhance firms' innovation capabilities only if the focal firm's managers have developed the capacity to scan and acquire external knowledge. Our analyses further indicate that in the presence of absorptive capacity, only collaboration with research organizations and competitors have a positive effect on product innovation capability. In the case of process innovation capability, collaboration with research organizations and suppliers are the most important factors.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Saeed Najafi-Tavani

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Insolvensrättslig tidskrift 2018, 3 (1): 12-31.

Uppsatsen redogör för förklaringar till företagsdödlighet i såväl offentliga utredningar som inom ekonomisk och sociologisk forskning och teoribildning. Två fundamentalt olika föreställningar om hur och varför företag beter sig på ett visst sätt har dominerat de flesta studier. Ett perspektiv förutsätter en central roll för företagsledningens beslutsfattande och kompetens. Ett andra och motsatt perspektiv ser företags beteenden bestämda av externa krafter över vilka företagsledningen saknar kontroll. De olika föreställningarna påverkar resultat och slutsatser inom forskningen och har också betydelse för utformningen av den ekonomiska politiken.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl GratzerMarcus BoxXiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationEconomics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

New energy sources emerge and others are phased out. At the same time global energy demand remains. The siting of the physical structures that generate and distribute energy has an impact in the physical environment as well as in the social landscape before, during and after completion of such projects. It is relevant to investigate how the siting of new energy infrastructures is received. The overall aim of this PhD thesis in sociology is to contribute to an increased understanding of local handling of global energy dilemmas.In the thesis, controversial energy infrastructural siting is analysed. More specifically, how two such cases are understood and interpreted by different actors. The analysis is carried out through a theoretical framework based on frame analysis and social practice-theory. The study offers a sociologically based understanding of place and shows the importance of this understanding for attitudes towards the siting of energy infrastructures.The study includes two empirical cases from north-eastern Gotland, Sweden: The logistical work around the construction of a large-scale natural gas pipeline, and a planned, but never realized, siting of a wind power facility. The study was carried out through interviews, observations and text analysis.How do different actors combine and weigh different aspects against each other in their constructed frame? The results show that aspects beyond the local area are included in the frames and that they include relationships between different actors as well as change over time. The understanding is presented through an analysis of four aspects: place-related, transcending place, position and process. Together they capture the multi-dimensionality and complexity that characterize the siting of controversial facilities. The most successful framing strategy was “decoupling”, highlighting several different aspects, but keeping them separate.One of the strengths of the study is the inclusion of both strategic framings and framings made by those who are not an active part of the formal process. This offers a complex picture going beyond the policy level and shows that there is no single understanding within the “local community”. The thesis thus contributes to an extended understanding of how controversial facility siting is framed.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Adrienne Sörbom

Karin Edberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Fronesis 2018, 58-59 : 46-50.

I detta avsnitt vill vi kasta ljus över de intellektuella och politiska sammanhang som format solidaritetsbegreppet och lyfta fram några samhällsteoretiska diskussioner om solidaritetens förändrade förutsättningar. Avsnittets tre texter belyser hur solidaritetsbegreppet växt fram och diskuterar dess relevans för förståelsen av vår egen tids dominerande utvecklingstendenser och motsättningar.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Johan Lindgren

Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Fronesis 2018, 58-59 : 8-15.

Både vetenskapliga teorier om hur samhället hålls samman och politiska förslag syftande till att öka sammanhållningen kretsar ofta kring begreppet solidaritet. Vad innebär samhällssolidaritet i en tid präglad avojämlikhet, ekonomisk globalisering och framväxande nationalism? Vilka former tar sig solidariteten inom välfärdsstaten – och vilka är vi egentligen solidariska med?

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Johan Lindgren

Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Social Mobility for the 21st Century. London : Routledge, 2018. 93-104.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lena Sohl

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Baltic Rim Economies 2018, 1 : 46-47.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Emil Edenborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: ЖУРНАЛИСТИКА В 2017 ГОДУ [Journalism in 2017]. Moscow : MediaMir, Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University.

С развитием цифровых технологий и онлайн-среды профессии фотожурналистов был брошен вызов. Несмотря на то, что использование любительских фотографий, монтаж и редактирование изображений появились в журналистике не сегодня, по мнению некоторых исследователей, нынешняя ситуация позволяет говорить не просто об изменениях, а о смене парадигм (Solaroli 2015). Одним из аспектов смены парадигм является распространенность гражданской фотожурналистики и моментальность распространения снимков; другим – легкость пост-продакшна, где редактирование фотографий является скорее правилом, чем исключением (Stiegler 2002, Van Dijck 2008). Более того, мы живем в эпоху, когда социальные медиа стали центральным источником новостей, что привело ко все возрастающему недоверию к фактам и элитам. Эти факторы бросают вызов профессиональному журналистскому сообществу и его методам освещения ситуации в мире, идеалам объективности и реалистичности (Mäenpää 2014). Тем не менее, среди множества голосов в цифровом медиа-ландшафте остается необходимость в профессиональном фотографе как надежном источнике интерпретации реальности (Åker 2012).В эпоху “пост-правды” и “альтернативных” фактов особенно важно понимать возможности и ограничения фотожурналистики в том, что касается правдивого освещения общественной ситуации. В данной презентации мы представляем исследовательский проект, целью которого является изучение изменений и вызовов профессии. Объектом исследования являются образовательные программы для будущих фотожурналистов в России и Швеции. Данные программы представляют собой пространство, в котором будущие профессиональные фотографы, преподаватели и опытные фотографы встречаются и формируют дискурсы и практики «фотографического реализма» (Schiller 1977, Barnhurst & Nerone 2000). Для их изучения мы используем теории о фотографической правдивости, культурах (фото)журналистики и визуальной грамотности (Messaris 1998, 2012). Сравнительный исследовательский проект отталкивается от предыдущих исследований, демонстрирующих, что российская и шведская журналистские культуры отличаются в подходах к объективности и реалистичности (Nygren et al 2015, Voronova 2014). Выбор данных двух контекстов может помочь в поиске как отличий, которые бросают вызов представлениям об универсальности журналистских идеалов, так и схожих характеристик.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila VoronovaPatrik Åker

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

School of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
JournalismMedia and Communication Studies

Research area for doctoral studies

Critical and Cultural Theory

Socio-Economic Review 2018, : -.

In this article, we analyse the striking resilience of for-profit care and service provisionin what has often been seen as the archetypical social democratic welfare state:Sweden. We focus on the strategic discursive activities of private companies andtheir business organizations as they try to influence perceptions, organize actorsand facilitate communication to defend profit-making in the welfare sector in theface of increasing conflict and opposition. We argue that taking such organized actioninto account changes dominant perceptions about the characteristics of theSwedish political economy, and carries important lessons for analyses of changesin the organization of the welfare state in general.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Anna Tyllström

Stefan Svallfors

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Journal of The American Geriatrics Society 2018, 66 (4): 721-727.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between chronic physical conditions and multimorbidity and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).DESIGN: Nationally representative, cross-sectional, community-based study.SETTING: Six countries that participated in the World Health Organization Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health.PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 50 and older (N=32,715; mean age 62.1 ± 15.6; 51.7% female).MEASUREMENTS: The definition of MCI was based on the recommendations of the National Institute on Ageing and Alzheimer's Association. Ten chronic conditions were assessed (angina pectoris, arthritis, asthma, cataract, chronic lung disease, diabetes mellitus, edentulism, hearing problems, hypertension, stroke). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the association between chronic physical conditions, multimorbidity (≥2 chronic conditions), and MCI.RESULTS: The prevalence of multimorbidity was 49.8% (95% confidence interval (CI)=48.1-51.5%) and of MCI was 15.3% (95% CI=14.4-16.3%). After adjustment for potential confounders, edentulism (odds ratio (OR)=1.24), arthritis (OR=1.24), chronic lung disease (OR=1.29), cataract (OR=1.33), stroke (OR=1.94), hearing problems (OR=2.27), and multimorbidity (OR=1.40) were significantly associated with MCI. There was a gradual increase in the likelihood of MCI (1 condition: OR=1.21, 95% CI=1.03-1.42; ≥4 conditions: OR=2.07, 95% CI=1.70-2.52).CONCLUSION: These results highlight the need to investigate the underlying mechanisms linking chronic conditions and MCI and whether prevention or treatment of chronic conditions or multimorbidity can reduce the onset of cognitive decline and subsequent dementia, especially in LMICs.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ai Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Aging and Health 2018, : -.

OBJECTIVES: We constructed a functional biological age (fBioAge) indicator by using four functional variables: grip strength, forced expiratory lung volume, visual acuity, and hearing. Our aim was to compare how chronological age (ChronAge) and fBioAge are related to cognitive abilities in older adults.METHOD: We used data from the Poverty and Health in Aging project, Bangladesh. Participants ( N = 400) were 60+ years of age and diagnosed as nondemented. Examined cognitive abilities were four episodic memory measures (including recall and recognition), two verbal fluency indicators, two semantic knowledge, and two processing speed tasks.RESULTS: fBioAge accounted for cognitive variance beyond that explained by ChronAge also after controlling for medical diagnoses and blood markers.DISCUSSION: Compared with ChronAge, fBioAge was a stronger predictor of cognition during a broad part of the old adult span. fBioAge seems, in that respect, to have the potential to become a useful age indicator in future aging studies.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Katie Palmer

Ola Sternäng


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Socionomens Forskningssupplement 2018, 43 : 20-29.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Magdalena Elmersjö

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

PLoS ONE 2018, 13 (1): -.

Multimorbidity has been linked to a variety of negative outcomes although as yet, there has been little research on its association with loneliness. This study examined the association between physical multimorbidity (≥ 2 physical diseases) and loneliness in the general population and its potential mediators. Data came from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007 (N = 7403, aged ≥16 years). Information was obtained on 20 doctor diagnosed physical conditions that were present in the previous year. An item from the Social Functioning Questionnaire (SFQ) was used to obtain information on loneliness. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine associations. An increasing number of physical diseases was associated with higher odds for loneliness. Compared to no physical diseases, the odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval: CI) for loneliness increased from 1.34 (1.13-1.59) to 2.82 (2.11-3.78) between one and ≥5 physical diseases. This association was particularly strong in the youngest age group (i.e. 16-44 years). The loneliness-physical multimorbidity association was significantly mediated by stressful life events (% mediated 11.1%-30.5%), anxiety (30.2%), and depression (15.4%). Physical multimorbidity is associated with increased odds for loneliness. Prospective research is now needed to further elucidate this association and the factors that underlie it.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ai Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

European Journal of Public Health 2018, : -.

Background: Although the association between somatic complaints and internalizing problems (anxiety, somatic anxiety and depression) is well established, it remains unclear whether the pattern of this relationship differs by gender and in different cultures. The aim of this study was to examine cross-cultural and gender-specific differences in the association between somatic complaints and internalizing problems in youth from the Czech Republic and Russia.Methods: The Social and Health Assessment, a self-report survey, was completed by representative community samples of adolescents, age 12-17 years, from the Czech Republic (N = 4770) and Russia (N = 2728).Results: A strong association was observed between somatic complaints and internalizing psychopathology. Although the levels of internalizing problems differed by country and gender, they increased together with and largely in a similar way to somatic complaints for boys and girls in both countries.Conclusion: The association between somatic symptoms and internalizing problems seems to be similar for boys and girls across cultures.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Olga Tingstedt

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Service Business 2018, : 1-25.

Service-dominant logic (SDL) provides a conceptual understanding of and widens the view on value creation in service innovation for product-centric companies. However, empirical research linking SDL and service innovation is still limited albeit expanding. This study provides insights beyond existing discussions on product and service dimensions using the theoretical lens of the value logic perspective. More specifically, the purpose of this study is to examine how value can be understood, targeted, and created in the pursuit of service innovation by product-centric manufacturing companies. Building on a previous investigation of two multinational product-centric manufacturing companies, this paper identifies and develops a theoretical model to describe the space shift in service innovation with four different kinds of value logics, namely, product-based value logic, service-based value logic, virtual-based value logic, and systemic-based value logic. Using a digitalization-driven new service innovation, namely the My Control System, which is a web-based service delivery platform, this paper describes space shifts to enhance value through four value logics as efforts. Further, challenges associated with different value logics are described in terms of complexity traps and service gaps. The study also contributes to bridging the gap between SDL theory and practice by developing a midrange theoretical model for value creation as a specification and amendment to SDL that supports SDL-guided service innovation and servitization in practice. © 2018 The Author(s)

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

E. Lindhult

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

European Journal of Development Research 2018, : -.

Growing competition in microfinance has been blamed for multiple borrowing, over-indebtedness and loan repayment crisis in recent times. Using the Boone indicator as a proxy for competition, we investigate how competition impacts microfinance institutions’ (MFIs’) outreach, financial performance and quality of loan portfolio in this paper. The analysis is based on data from 568 MFIs in 10 vibrant microfinance markets (Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nepal, Nicaragua, Peru and Philippines) for the period 2003-2014. We control for potential endogeneity of MFI performance, competition and other covariates by employing the generalized methods of moments (GMM) estimation technique. We find that increased competition leads to higher profitability and better loan portfolio quality of the sampled MFIs, but worsens depth of outreach to the poor, which is an indication of mission drift.   

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ashim Kar

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Tullinge : FOU Södertörn, 2018. (FoU Södertörns skriftserie ; 160)

I denna rapport presenteras resultaten av en utvärdering av ett bedömningsstöd för familjehemsplacerade barns umgänge med föräldrar, syskon, andra anhöriga och närstående. Bedömningsstödet har utvecklats av FoU Södertörn i samarbete med barn- och familjehemssekreterare från nio Södertörnskommuner. Stödet utgår från erfarenhetskunskap hos personal inom familjehemsvården. Erfarenheter från placerade barn har också funnits med som en grund. Utvärderingen har genomförts av FoU Södertörn och Södertörns högskola på uppdrag av Socialstyrelsen. Utvärderingen bygger på en enkätundersökning och på fokusgruppsintervjuer med barn- och familjehemssekreterare som under en avgränsad period har prövat att använda bedömningsstödet i sitt arbete med att göra bedömningar av barnets bästa i umgängesfrågan.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ann-Sofie Bergman

Per Carlson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Nordicom Review 2018, 39 (1): 33-49.

Declining legacy media seriously affects local journalism in Sweden. Since 2004, nearly every second local office for local newspapers has been closed, and local coverage is diminishing. In a parallel development, new types of hyperlocal media are growing, according to a national mapping of local media ecologies. The study presented here is based on two surveys: one of local municipalities and one of independent hyperlocals. The key question is: are hyperlocals filling the gap? In many cases, the motivation behind new hyperlocal media has been discontent with declining media coverage from legacy media. In general, however, the pattern is more complicated; most hyperlocals grow in places where legacy media is also present. The main conclusion is that hyperlocals are only partly filling the gaps from declining legacy media, while parts of Sweden are becoming “news deserts.” Another important result is that hyperlocals are developing both in print and online, often in combination, to create a sustainable business model. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Sara Leckner

Carina TenorGunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services 2018, 41 : 190-200.

Recasting prior work on return-policy and purchase intentions literature, through the lens of signaling theory and relational signaling theory, we posit that returns policy, as a market signaling mechanism, is a costly investment that online retailers make to not only support current transaction but also to signal commitment towards customer service. What outcome would such costly signal result into? Based on relational signaling theory, it promotes trust, that in turn, could enhance purchase intentions. With empirical data from 730 online consumers of fast-moving consumer goods in Sweden, the study finds that, after controlling for shoppers' age, education, income, gender, and frequency of online purchases, perceived consumer trust fully mediates the effect of perceived return policy leniency on purchase intention. Building on past research, we apply a different theoretical lens that connects costly signaling that drives relational signaling to foster customer trust to improve purchase intentions.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Stefan Karlsson

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Economic Modelling 2018, : -.

This paper provides new evidence on the impact of temperatures on tourism demand in the winter season. The analysis is based on time series data spanning from 1960 to 2015 for the South Tyrolean mountains in Italy. Since 1960, winter temperatures have increased by 0.4 degrees Celsius per decade, on average. A nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is employed for the estimations. This model allows two separate coefficients to impact tourism demand, following temperature changes (decreases or increases). Results reveal that an increase in winter temperatures by one degree Celsius leads to a decline in the number of accommodation guests (arrivals) by eight per cent, while temperature decreases have no effect on the number of arrivals. However, sensitivity to temperature increases has been declining since the early 1990s, probably due to the widespread usage of snowmaking facilities. The number of these facilities has increased by almost 10 per cent per year on average over the same period. In recent years (1986-2015), and as a consequence of these measures, temperature increases no longer have an effect on winter tourism demand. Conversely, decreases in temperatures lead to small increases in arrivals (by four per cent increase due to a one degree Celsius decrease).

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Martin Falk

Xiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Nordicom Review 2018, 39 (1): 3-17.

This article examines Storylab, a collaborative learning project between the journalism programme at Stockholm University and the engineering programme in media technology at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, designed to combine journalistic storytelling with pervasive media technology. The aim of the study is to identify and reflect on the challenges associated with the approach. The methods used are a survey and semi-structured interviews with the students. The analyses draw on research concerning the current main challenges for the news industry and journalism educators. The results show that Storylab was highly appreciated, and provided students with useful skills for their professional lives. However, not all groups worked well together, and some students wished that the collaboration had been more extensive. Differences in motivations and priorities were mentioned as restraining factors. Therefore, it is argued that for a sustainable media landscape, journalists and engineers must collaborate, and that this cooperation can be brought about during professional training.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Gunilla Hultén

Malin Picha Edwardsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Bridging the prosperity gap in the EU. Cheltenham : Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. 46-84.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ann-Cathrine Jungar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Personality and Individual Differences 2018, 122 : 29-37.

Ambivalent sexism is a two-dimensional framework that assesses sexist and misogynous attitudes. The current corpus of research on such attitudes suggest that they are predicted by numerous variables, including religious beliefs, ideological variables, and men's facial hair. Most studies, however, have treated such predictors as if they are independent – inferring that zero-order correlations between sexism and its predictors are not confounded by omitted third variables. In the current work, we address ambivalent sexism using a large array of known correlates of sexist attitudes in two large and demographically diverse samples. We show that low empathic concern is the primary driver of hostile-, but not benevolent sexism (Study 1); that social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism, religiosity, and low Openness and Agreeableness differentially predict ambivalent sexism (Study 2); along with male gender and low education level (Study 1 and 2). Contradicting an earlier finding, men's facial hair was not correlated with hostile sexism in either studies and a short full beard predicted lower scores on benevolent sexism in Study 2. Thus, we replicated the main findings from most previous research except for men's facial hair, and we also show the paths through which predictors of sexist attitudes exert their effects.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Kahl Hellmer

Kirsti Jylhä

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Affective Disorders 2018, 226 : 332-338.

Background: Several studies have linked childhood hunger to an increased risk for later depression. However, as yet, there has been little research on this relation in adults of all ages or whether there are sex differences in this association. The current study examined these issues using data from a national population-based sample.Methods: Data were analyzed from 5095 adults aged 25–84 collected during the Estonian Health Interview Survey 2006. Information was obtained on the frequency of going to bed hungry in childhood and on depressive symptoms using the Emotional State Questionnaire (EST-Q). Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between hunger and depression while controlling for other demographic, socioeconomic and health-related variables.Results: In a fully adjusted model, going to bed hungry in childhood either sometimes or often was associated with significantly increased odds for adult depressive symptoms. When the analysis was stratified by sex the association was more evident in men where any frequency of childhood hunger was linked to adult depression while only women who had experienced hunger often had higher odds for depressive symptoms in the final model.Limitations: Data on childhood hunger were retrospectively reported and may have been affected by recall bias. We also lacked information on potentially relevant variables such as other childhood adversities that might have been important for the observed associations.Conclusion: Childhood hunger is associated with an increased risk for depressive symptoms among adults. Preventing hunger in childhood may be important for mental health across the life course.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Andrew Stickley

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Philosophy of Management 2018, 17 (2): 169-185.

In this study of an economic field and its relationships to a cultural field, we apply Pierre Bourdieu’s central concepts of economic capital, cultural capital, symbolic capital and field, and thus follow in a tradition that at the outset was considered to be post-structuralism, but which by Bourdieu later has been brought into the realm of realism. We have mapped relationships between the actors and thus the field structures that these relationships entail. The fields in which a segment of an art world is operating is represented in multi-dimensional figures which illustrate relationships and bonds between the different categories of organizations. Some of the business actors we have studied are engaging in cultural activities with a great deal of autonomy, others are connected to the cultural field in less active ways. In participating in the cultural field they are in different ways and to different extents accumulating symbolic capital including prestige and honor. The method we have applied is multiple correspondence analysis which was frequently used by Bourdieu.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Erik BorgLars Vigerland

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Educational Philosophy and Theory 2018, 50 (3): 254-269.

Drawing on recent interdisciplinary, multidimensional research on civic and religious education in northern Europe, this article explores disciplinary epistemological economies in an era of mounting discontent with the narrowness of mono-disciplinary analyses of complex social and educational issues. It is argued in the article that under conditions of sufficient world complexity, interdisciplinarity provides for a more cogent scholarly approach to educational structures and phenomena than either of the logics of mono-, multi- and transdisciplinarity—the main extant alternatives. It is shown in both conceptual and empirical terms that these alternatives cannot accommodate social and educational diversity, complexity and sprawl other than thinly, hence should mainly be endorsed by universities and research funders for other than epistemological reasons or when there is agreement that the object subjected to analysis is correspondingly thin and isolated. As education in and of itself is a remarkably complex social phenomenon and field of study, it is concluded that interdisciplinary environments may typically be expected to provide a stronger potential for assessing and understanding it.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Peter Strandbrink

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Identities 2018, : -.

Migration literature has traditionally distinguished between different motivations of migration, such as labour, family and newly also lifestyle migration, never fully exploring the background of these motivations. This article suggests that these different motivations may be explained by different modes of reflexivity as distinguished by Margaret Archer. Linking modes of reflexivity with migration motivations addresses two problems in current migration literature. First, it provides for practical application of reflexivity in explaining migration motivations, which has been missing so far. Second, the article advocates using psycho-social approach as opposed to more commonly adapted ethnical or class based explanations in understanding migration behavior, hence avoiding the potential trap of falling into the trap of methodological nationalism or classism. Through the interview with highly-skilled Estonian migrants it is shown that the reasons of migration among highly skilled are versatile and cannot be explained solely by their class background.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Maarja Saar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

International Journal of Leadership in Education 2018, 21 (3): 344-362.

A school principal’s workload is recognised as being heavy, with an imbalance between demands and resources. This paper contributes to the development of collective leadership. The principalship constellations of six schools in Sweden were studied with the aim of strengthening the current knowledge about structures and experiences of shared principalship. The empirical basis is qualitative data from interviews with principals and vice-principals. The analytical focus was on how the sharing structures were organised and how the shared principalship was experienced. The results point to a considerable variation in the organisational structures of shared principalship. Despite the type of model, form and constellation, the principals and vice-principals voiced a striking sense of relief in not feeling alone in their duties, as problems and troubles became manageable. An intensified interaction level in the principalship constellation created opportunities to develop competence. Theoretically, this study broadens the invited leadership concept to include horizontal invitations across unit boundaries between principals in different units within the same school. The knowledge contribution of this study is useful in discussing the legal possibilities for shared principalship, which may be especially relevant in times when the Swedish school system is being criticised for not delivering good student outcomes.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

M. Döös

Jenny Madestam

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Social Identities 2018, 24 (1): 120-133.

Whereas migration research has been heavily influenced by the individualization paradigm, studies on return migration have been more inspired by theories on attachment and belonging. It is common for this kind of research to assert that the main motivations for returning are social contacts and a homing desire. Although this article does not question the importance of such motivations for some, it does argue that return migration needs to be more problematized, not least by studying people who have decided not to return. Based on interviews with highly skilled Estonians, this article suggests that return decisions are influenced by three types of comparisons: social, temporal, and intra-subjective. The first two comparisons have been discussed to some degree in migration literature; however, a focus on intra-subjective comparisons – in which people compare different parts of their identity in order to decide on a potential return – has been scarce. This article suggests that, in line with the individualization of social relationships, but also with the introduction of a new EU mobility space, it is the latter type of comparison that is becoming increasingly widespread.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Maarja Saar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research. Cham : Springer, 2018. 341-356.

The ambitious UN-adopted sustainable development goals (SDGs) have been criticized for being inconsistent, difficult to quantify, implement and monitor. Disparaging analysis suggests that there exists a potential inconsistency in the SDGs, particularly between the socio-economic development and the environmental sustainability goals. Critiques also raise questions on the measurability and monitoring of the broadly framed SDGs. The goals are non-binding, with each country being expected to create their own national or regional plans. Moreover, the source(s) and the extent of the financial resources and investments for the SDGs are ambiguous. This chapter quantifies and examines the inconsistencies of the SDGs. It further inspects which of the underlying social, economic or environmental pillars are that most effective for achieving sustainable development. Analyses of the data reveal that the developed countries need to remain focused on their social and environmental policies. The developing countries, on the other hand, are better off being focused on their economics and social policies in the short run, even though environmental policies remain significant for sustainable development.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Applied Economics 2018, 58 (1): 1-14.

Do microfinance institutions (MFIs) operate in a monopoly, monopolistic competition environment or are their revenues derived under perfect competition markets? We employ the Panzar–Rosse revenue test on a global panel data to assess the competitive environment in which MFIs of five selected countries operate: Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru and Philippines, over the period 2005–2009. We estimate the static and the dynamic revenue tests, with analyses of the interest rate and the return on assets. We control for microfinance-specific variables such as capital-assets-ratio, loans-assets and the size of the MFI. The analyses also account for the endogeneity problem by employing the fixed-effects two-stage least squares and the fixed-effects system generalized method of moments. Our results suggest that MFIs in Peru and India operate in a monopolistic environment. We also find weak evidence that the microfinance industry in Ecuador, Indonesia and Philippines may operate under perfect competition.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ashim Kumar Kar

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

Journalism Practice 2018, 2 (3): 308-325.

This study explores paternalism in contemporary data journalism, a hybrid form of journalism where parts of the engineering culture are blended with the culture of journalism. Technologists often question paternalistic elements in design, whereas journalists consider paternalistic decision-making to be justified as an inherent part of what journalism is. Based on a predominately qualitative content analysis of paternalistic elements in 31 data journalistic projects submitted to the Nordic Data Journalism Awards in 2013, 2015 and 2016, three characteristics of paternalism were found: controlling functionality, the illusion of interactivity and linearity. All three characteristics include several types of control over the audience control, embedded in the design, and as previous research has found that paternalism is often associated with negative effects, on the basis of journalistic choices in design and presentation involving technology, the problem is whether the audience begins to perceive data journalism as controlling, non-transparent or intrusive.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ester Appelgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

Autism 2018, 22 (3): 291-298.

The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between caregiver-reported sensory processing abnormalities, and the physiological index of auditory over-responsiveness evaluated using acoustic startle response measures, in children with autism spectrum disorders and typical development. Mean acoustic startle response magnitudes in response to 65-105 dB stimuli, in increments of 10 dB, were analyzed in children with autism spectrum disorders and with typical development. Average peak startle latency was also examined. We examined the relationship of these acoustic startle response measures to parent-reported behavioral sensory processing patterns in everyday situations, assessed using the Sensory Profile for all participants. Low-threshold scores on the Sensory Profile auditory section were related to acoustic startle response magnitudes at 75 and 85 dB, but not to the lower intensities of 65 dB. The peak startle latency and acoustic startle response magnitudes at low-stimuli intensities of 65 and 75 dB were significantly related to the low-threshold quadrants (sensory sensitivity and sensation avoiding) scores and to the high-threshold quadrant of sensation seeking. Our results suggest that physiological assessment provides further information regarding auditory over-responsiveness to less-intense stimuli and its relationship to caregiver-observed sensory processing abnormalities in everyday situations.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Hidetoshi Takahashi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journalism Studies 2018, 19 (7): 1059-1078.

War reporting has mostly been analyzed as a struggle between political and military control over information and journalistic professionalism. An analysis of reporting in mainstream media from the conflict in eastern Ukraine in 2014 shows that many other aspects must also be considered. In a comparative study, mainstream media coverage in four countries, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, and Sweden, was analyzed and interviews were held with journalists in the media included in the content analysis. Findings revealed significant variations in the framing of the conflict, portrayal of actors involved, and word choice across national settings. Interviews with journalists also highlighted crucial differences in approaches and perceptions. Results show that the specific journalistic culture in each country, self-censorship, and the degree of activist approach among journalists similarly play an important role in war reporting. Researchers from all four countries participated in the project.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

M. Glowacki

Gunnar NygrenJöran Hök

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

European Journal of Social Work 2018, 21 (1): 74-85.

Research investigating what shapes young people’s drinking habits is of great importance. This study aimed to analyse the relation between close social networks and adolescents’ drinking habits and the extent to which close social networks may explain differences in binge drinking among social groups. Data from the ‘Stockholm Survey 2012’ were analysed. The Stockholm Survey was a census survey administered to students in academic years 9 and 11, with a response rate of 76%. Ordered logit models were used to estimate relations between the frequency of binge drinking and the independent variables. Parental educational level is associated with adolescent binge drinking, as students with more highly educated parents are more frequent binge drinkers. Parents’ willingness to offer their teenagers alcohol and peers’ drinking habits are also associated with adolescent binge drinking, with a more permissive parental attitude and a prevalence of drinking among peers increasing the risk. Both parents’ willingness to provide alcohol and peers’ drinking habits may statistically explain a large portion of the observed differences in adolescent drinking by parental education. Close social networks are an important factor influencing adolescent binge drinking, and they may explain a large portion of the differences between social groups.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Per Carlson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Right of Access to Public Information. Heidelberg : Springer, 2018. 235-264.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2018

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sexualities 2017, : -.

Based on quantitative survey data collected during Pride parades in six European countries – the Czech Republic, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland – we analyse who participates in Pride parades. Engaging with the so-called protest normalization thesis we ask: are Pride parade participants, aside from sexual orientation, representative of the wider populace? In none of the countries could we find indications that Pride participants mirror the general populations. The parades remain dominated by well-educated, middle strata youth, rich in political resources. However, we find variation between countries, which we link to differences in elite and public support for LGBT rights. © 2017, The Author(s) 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

A. Peterson

Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Kritiker : nordisk tidskrift för litterär kritik och essäistik 2017, 45-46 : 37-47.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Pamela Schultz Nybacka

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys 2017, 7 : 7-26.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Zhanna Kravchenko

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: ЗДОРОВЬЕ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ: ПРОБЛЕМЫ И ПУТИ РЕШЕНИЯ [Health of the population: Problems and solutions]. Minsk : Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, 2017. 193-206.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Violetta Shukhatovich

Sara Ferlander

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Europe-Asia Studies 2017, 69 (10): 1662-1663.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ekaterina Tarasova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Cyber Policy 2017, 2 (3): 338-354.

While much has already been written about blockchain applications and prospects in the FinTech industry, little research has been done to explore blockchain technology’s user-centric paradigm in enabling various applications beyond banking. This article is an effort to contribute to that body of scholarship by exploring blockchain technology’s potential applications, and their limits, in areas that intersect with social impact, including human rights. This article explores whether blockchain technology and its core operational principles – such as decentralisation, transparency, equality and accountability – could play a role in limiting undue online surveillance, censorship and human rights abuses that are facilitated by the increasing reliance on a few entities that control access to information online. By doing so, this article aims at initiating a scholarly curiosity to understand what is possible and what is to be concerned about when it comes to the potential impact of blockchain technology on society.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Nicolas Seidler

Walid Al-Saqaf

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

In: Radical Left Movements in Europe. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2017. 248-267.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jan Jämte


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Radical Left Movements in Europe. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2017. 1-21.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sociologisk forskning 2017, 54 (4): 393-395.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Stefan Svallfors

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: ЗДОРОВЬЕ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ: ПРОБЛЕМЫ И ПУТИ РЕШЕНИЯ [Health of the population: Problems and solutions]. Minsk : Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, 2017. 342-350.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

J. Borodachova

Katharina Wesolowski


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Europe-Asia Studies 2017, 69 (10): 1678-1680.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Glen Grant

Olena PodolianRoman Horbyk

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
Media and Communication StudiesPolitical Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Mikael LönnborgMikael Olsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Mediestudiers årsbok. Stockholm : Institutet för mediestudier, 2017. 32-73.

Allt färre journalister producerar innehållet i det dagliga nyhetsflödet. De senaste två åren har redaktionerna krympt med sju procent, totalt ca 370 färre journalister producerar nyheter 2017 jämfört med 2015 på de 150 redaktioner som svarat på årets studie av de redaktionella villkoren för svensk nyhetsjournalistik.Men utvecklingen är ojämn. De stora regionala dagstidningarna har tappat nästan var femte journalist på två år, minus 18 procent. Storstadstidningar har lyckats behålla sina redaktioner bättre, bara en minskning med några få procent. Inom public service stärker både SVT och SR sina redaktioner med fler journalister och större resurser.Trots detta är det fortfarande dagspressen som har de största resurserna för nyhetsproduktion – tre av fyra journalister som arbetar med nyheter finns på kommersiella medieföretag, de allra flesta på redaktioner med sin ekonomiska tyngdpunkt i papperstidningen.Även om det blir färre redaktionella medarbetare, så är det fler journalister inblandade i produktionen av varje enskilt nyhetsflöde. Redaktionerna förvandlas till noder i nätverk där innehåll flödar mellan utgåvorna – inom koncernerna och från utomstående producenter som nyhetsbyråer och produktionsbolag. Genom denna nätverksproduktion kan medierna delvis kompensera de minskade resurserna. Gemensamma ”fabriker” för sidproduktion, webbdeskar och innehåll som ”recyclas” i många tidningar är några exempel.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar NygrenKarolina Olga Nord

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
JournalismMedia and Communication Studies

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Voice of the Locality. Brno : Masaryk University Press, 2017. 215-237.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Carina TenorGunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift 2017, 40 (3-4): 132-150.

According to the Swedish SubstanceAbuse (Special Provisions) Act a person may be sentenced to compulsory care for a maximum of six months by an administrative court if she has a serious ongoing substance abuse and needs care which cannot be provided through voluntary measures. The person must also risk seriously harming her physical or mental health, destroying her life, or harming herself or a next of kin. The latter does not include an unborn child and the courts are only to assess whether the grounds for commitment are sufficient in terms of the woman’s needs and risk for harm. The legislation does, however, leave ample scope for so called fairness arguments (“reella hänsyn”). This article studies the extent to which the pregnancy is accentuated in court rulings and in what way – with a special focus on fairness arguments.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Therese Reitan

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Journalism education across borders. Moskva : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Gregory Goldenzwaig

Jan-Olof Gullö

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Skolsocialt arbete. Malmö : Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017. 89-100.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Hélène Lagerlöf

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Groningen : Sustainable Society, University of Groning, 2017. ( ; )

Europe 2020, the European Union’s ten-year growth strategy, aims at delivering smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The strategy sets targets in the areas of employment, research and development, climate change, education and poverty, and social exclusion for the coming decade. It is within this context that the Horizon 2020 scheme highlights impact, co-creation, and quadruple helix cooperation vehicles for innovation and in response to societal challenges. It is also here that the knowledge and research results of the social sciences and humanities (SSH) play a crucial role. At the same time, definitions and understanding of such concepts are ambiguous if not even contradictory, which makes it difficult to determine their applicability and effectiveness. This being said, there is a need for clearer definitions and viable and measurable valorisation processes to determine the value and outcomes of such processes. By the same token, there is a need to move beyond concepts and models into the actual work with these matters: to talk to the people from academia, government, industry and societal partners about their experiences with co-creation and the considerations these experiences have involved and the lessons that have been learned. To move beyond traditional and linear valorisation approaches (i.e. from academia to society), it is frequently claimed that quadruple helix actors need to be committed to and actively engaged in co-creation. Yet, due to its being boundary transgressive, co-creation is multifaceted and seldom naturally occurring. Also, collaboration and co-creation are often obstructed by differences in organisational culture, organisational logics and ideological disagreement among the actors involved. For all the reasons above, the ACCOMPLISSH consortium, made up of 14 universities from 12 countries (representing a range of SSH sub-disciplines), is engaged with a variety of quadruple helix partners from government, industry and society.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jonas Stier

Peter Dobers

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Health and Human Rights 2017, 19 (2): 61-72.

Following an increase in Roma migration under the European “freedom of movement” laws, Swedish municipalities initiated more than 80 evictions of informal Roma settlements on the grounds of poor sanitation between 2013 and 2016. These evictions echo policies from earlier in the 20th century, when Roma living in Sweden were often marginalized through the denial of access to water and sanitation facilities. The recent Swedish evictions also follow similar government actions across Europe, where Roma settlements are controlled through the denial of access to water and sanitation. However, access to water and sanitation—central aspects of human health—are universal human rights that must be available to all people present in a jurisdiction, regardless of their legal status. The evictions described here violated Sweden’s obligations under both European and international human rights law. More positive government responses are required, such as providing shelters or camping sites, setting up temporary facilities, and directly engaging with communities to address water and sanitation issues. The authors conclude by providing guidance on how states and municipalities can meet their human rights obligations with respect to water and sanitation for vulnerable Roma individuals and informal settlements in their communities. © 2017 Davis and Ryan.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

M. F. Davis


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Comparative Migration Studies 2017, 5 (1): -.

Family migration policy, once basing citizens and resident foreigners’ possibilities to bring in foreign family members mainly on the right to family life, is increasingly a tool states use to limit immigration and to push newcomers to integrate into civic and economic life. The family migration policies of Denmark, Norway and Sweden range widely – from more minimal support and age requirements to high expectations of language skills, work records and even income levels. While in Denmark and increasingly in Norway growing sets of requirements have been justified on the need to protect the welfare state and a Nordic liberal way of life, in Sweden more minimal requirements have been introduced in the name of spurring immigrants’ labor market integration even as rights-based reasoning has continued to dominate. In all three countries, new restrictions have been introduced in the wake of the refugee crisis. These cases show how prioritizations of the right to family life vis-à-vis welfare-state sustainability have produced different rules for family entry, and how family migration policies are used to different extents to push civic integration of both new and already settled immigrants.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Emily Cochran Bech

Karin Borevi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Strains of Commitment. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017. 364-388.

Denmark and Sweden have many features in common, not least the way welfare state symbols are used in the construction of each country’s national identity, but they display striking differences in approaches to immigrant integration. The chapter argues that this situation reflects the existence of distinctly different dominating ideal typical notions on how social cohesion and welfare state sustainability comes about: In Denmark, a society-centred perspective is predominant, viewing the existence of a particular cultural homogeneity as indispensable for the welfare state to sustain. In Sweden, a state-centred approach instead prevails, referring to the welfare state as a potential promoter of social inclusion. Depending on what ideal typical idea is the dominant, perceptions vary on what are the main challenges from immigration and cultural pluralism, and what policy measures need to be taken. Comparative analysis of a long period of elite discourses and policy developments substantiates the argument.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karin Borevi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Comparative Migration Studies 2017, 5 (1): -.

This special issue addresses the question of how to understand the civic turn within immigrant integration in the West towards programs and instruments, public discourses and political intentions, which aim to condition, incentivize, and shape through socialization immigrants into ‘citizens’. Empirically, it focuses on the less studied Scandinavian cases of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. In this introduction, we situate the contributions to this special issue within the overall debate on civic integration and convergence. We introduce the three cases, critically discuss the (liberal) convergence thesis and its descriptive and explanatory claims, and explain why studying the Scandinavian welfare states can further our understanding of the nature of the civic turn and its driving forces. Before concluding, we discuss whether civic integration policies actually work.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Kristian Kriegbaum Jensen

Karin Borevi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: På väg. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017. 241-246.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ali Hajighasemi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: På väg. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017. 217-228.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Stefan Svallfors

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sociologisk forskning 2017, 54 (4): 347-351.

since the late 1960s, participation in political protests has become more common in sweden. Today, a large majority of swedes have at one point joined a demonstration or would be willing to join a demonstration, and around six percent of the population participates in a demonstra- tion at least once a year. This article uses survey data to discuss the changing protest patterns in relation to the country’s traditional corporatist political culture, with a focus on which groups participate in contemporary political protests. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: En modern myndighet. Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2017. 173-194.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Bengt Jacobsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: En modern myndighet. Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2017. 31-56.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Leonora Mujkic

Bengt Jacobsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: En modern myndighet. Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2017. 15-30.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Göran Sundström

Bengt Jacobsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Göran Sundström

Bengt Jacobsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Reimagineering the Nation. Frankfurt am Main : Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017. 327-350.

This chapter discusses the 2013 riots in Stockholm in the perspective of a range of urban rebellions in disadvantaged metropolitan neighbourhoods of the North-Atlantic region over the past three decades of neoliberal transformation. The authors examine consequences of securitisation and police repression, institutional racism, the corrosion of citizenship and the structuring of inequality in Swedish cities and they ask whether the Stockholm uprising could possibly open space for new political voices.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

C. -U Schierup

Lisa Kings

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy. Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. 139-149.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ekaterina Tarasova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy. Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. 111-137.

The paper examines the balancing between the right of access to information and the right to privacy in the context of online proactive disclosure of personal data. Proactive disclosure is understood as disclosure of information made by public authorities without a request having previously been made for such disclosure. Interestingly, the release upon request of official documents containing personal data normally does not activate data protection legis-lation in Sweden. In the case of proactive disclosure of official documents containing personal data, however, the data protection legislation must be followed. Jonason presents and analyses the legal framework, and shows how it has evolved over time. She illustrates the legal framework through the analysis of cases on proactive disclosure handled by the Swedish Data Protection Authority. In addition, guidelines concerning online proactive disclosure, drafted by the same authority for the benefit of local authorities, are taken into consideration. Jonason is especially interested in the balance-ing between the interest to protect privacy of the data subject and the interest of ensuring openness and transparency, and how this balancing is conveyed in the letter of the law, the preparatory works, as well as in the concrete implementation made by the Data Protection Authority. The conclusion reached by Jonason is that the current legal framework, constituted by different “layers”, is intricate. Changes on data processing made by public authorities should be expected, however, due to the General Regulation on Data Protection that will enter into force in 2018. This might constitute an opportunity for the legislator to rationalise the current legal framework.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Thomas Marmefelt

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Thomas Marmefelt

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Ras och vithet. Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2017. 183-198.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lena Sohl

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

International Reveiw of Entrepreneurship 2017, 4 : -.

We analyse firm survival and focus on several levels of analysis (both firm level and macro-level). We employ a unique longitudinal data set, recorded at the firm-level and covering nine complete entry cohorts of Swedish companies. The companies were founded between 1899 and 1992, and each firm is followed over nearly a decade. We adopt the semi-parametric complementary log-log (cloglog) model. The main novelty of our approach is that, unlike extant studies so far, we are able to distinguish between the impact on the hazard rate of founding conditions and contemporaneous, post-entry conditions. Using our new approach we test several hypotheses derived from the Industrial Organization and Organizational Ecology literatures.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl GratzerMarcus BoxXiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationEconomics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Helsingfors : Tankesmedjan Agenda, 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ann-Cathrine Jungar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: När skiftet äger rum. Stockholm : Tankesmedjan Tiden, 2017. 187-239.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ann-Cathrine Jungar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Catalan Journal of Communication & Cultural Studies 2017, 9 (2): 217-235.

This article focuses on the gender politics of the news broadcast on the Russian state-controlled TV channels – Channel One (Pervyj kanal), Russia-1 (Rossiya-1), Russia-24 (Rossiya-24), NTV and RT (formerly Russia Today) – from January to September 2015, a period when the TV news closely followed the conflict in Ukraine and the growing tensions between Russia and Europe. The study shows that the news on the state-controlled TV channels interpret the state politics in only one possible way – ascribing the most traditional and essentialist characteristics to the country, prioritizing male actors and military activities and suggesting no alternatives to ‘(re)masculinization’ of the image of Russia in the situation of the conflict on the territory of another state, despite the alleged disengagement of the country in it. The article concludes that the state-controlled TV channels use essentialist gendering as a part of nation-branding and nation-building strategies, with an aim to construct the gendered and intersectionalized ideology of the ‘Russian world’ that would target both internal and external audiences and go beyond the borders of the Russian Federation.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017.

This publication gathers presentations from an international and trans-disciplinary workshop held at Södertörn University in December 2016.The workshop entitled The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy: A Democratic Balancing Act was one of the many events which celebrated the 250th anniversary of the Swedish Freedom of the Press Act, the first legal instrument in the world laying down the right of access to official documents. A starting point for the workshop was the assumption that the right of access to information and the right to privacy are both necessary pre-conditions for a democratic society. Researchers from a broad range of fields were invited to discuss how these assumptions should be examined, and how the balance between the two interests should be assessed when conflicting with each other. The objective of the workshop was to broaden our understanding of various national and disciplinary approaches to the democratic balance between the right of access and the right to privacy.Among the conclusions we may draw from the workshop, and the articles emanating from it, is the confirmation of the need to strike the balance between the right of access and the right to privacy. This is certainly difficult, but since the two interests are both of such importance for democracy, we constantly need to make the effort. The articles in this volume contain information on some of the areas that need our further attention.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Anna Rosengren


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift 2017, 119 (4): 820-822.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Peter Strandbrink

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 14)

Många har saker att säga om Trafikverket, men vad säger trafikverkarna själva? I denna rapport kommer myndighetens chefer och medarbetare till tals.De berättar om stolthet, kompetens och engagemang, men också om en brist på helhetssyn och om upplevelsen av att det inte är tillräckligt högt i tak i organisationen. De resonerar om den balansgång som följer av att vara en myndighet och att samtidigt likna ett företag, och om dragkampen mellan det ”det hårda” och ”det mjuka”.Genom en väv av röster, sammanställda och tolkade med hjälp av narratologi och teori om organisationskultur, skapas en övergripande berättelse om Trafikverket i ett tidigt skede i den unga myndighetens historia.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Hanna Sofia Rehnberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
Swedish

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Stockholm : Sveriges riksdag, 2017.

Under mer än hundra år har världens parlament och folkvalda haft en återkommande mötesplats för tankeutbyte och gemensamma aktioner i Interparlamentariska unionen, IPU.Från början var IPU en del av förra sekelskiftets framväxande rörelse för demokrati och fred i Europa. Samarbete mellan världens parlamentariker skulle demokratisera utrikespolitiken och skapa förutsättningar för en hållbar fred. Inom loppet av ett drygt kvartssekel hedrades hela åtta företrädare för IPU med Nobels fredspris.Trots två förödande världskrig på 1900-talet och hotet om kärnvapenkrig sedan dess har IPU behållit sin roll som mötesplats och samtalsforum. Arbetet med utvecklings- och biståndsarbete har vuxit kring frågor om hållbar utveckling och mänskliga rättigheter. Att främja kvinnors deltagande i politiken har blivit en profilfråga. Sedan millennieskiftet betonar IPU särskilt sin roll som parlamentarisk partner till FN.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jonas Johansson

Karl Magnus Johansson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Leadership and Policy in Schools 2017, : 1-17.

This article presents a study of five schools with shared principalship. It contributes knowledge about how shared principalship is experienced by people who work closely (“close subordinates”) with the shared principalship constellations. Data consists of 20 semi-structured interviews. Close subordinates describe that the shared principalship meant a reasonable workload for their principals and welcomed their level of accessibility. Confidence in the leader collaboration was heightened if close subordinates were able to witness that collaboration in action with their own eyes. The findings are discussed in relation to the conditions introduced by current school legislation in Sweden. © 2017 Marianne Döös, Lena Wilhelmson, Jenny Madestam, and Åsa Örnberg.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

M. Döös

Jenny Madestam

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Saarbrücken : Lambert Academic Publishing, 2017.

The Nordic countries top every survey on overall well-being and expressed happiness and satisfaction with living conditions and the environment, and, moreover, emerge on top even in measures of global competitiveness. This book unravels the unique economic and social processes by which these countries have achieved such universally acclaimed success. The authors note that the Nordic success has not been a sudden surge forward, and provide substance to the argument that conditions going back to feudal times, and unique societal relations and a social consensus allowing low power distances and smooth decentralization have played key roles in the Nordic transition into full-fledged knowledge economies. Indeed, as they note, “if there is a Valhalla for Nordic politicians, policy-makers and organization leaders, it will surely provide them an idyllic island under a mellow sun for holding amiable discussions, lowering their guards in a give-and-take spirit, on issues pertaining to the well-being of that Nordic paradise.”

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

P. Nandakumar Warrier

Cheick Wagué

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Skolsocialt arbete. Malmö : Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017. 53-66.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Åsa Backlund

Inger Linblad

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Reimagining Home in the 21st Century. Cheltenham : Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017. 135-149.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Aleksandra Ålund

Lisa Kings

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Migration and Communication Flows: Rethinking borders, conflict and identity through the digital. : .

In eighty countries of the world (excluding Russia), there are produced around 3,5 thousand media in Russian language for 30 million Russian speakers (Astafyev 2012). Russophone diaspora is specific, as it has a multilayered (different waves of migration) and multiethnic character (see Pivovar 2008, 2010). The printed media of the three first waves of the Russian emigration are thoroughly studied (e.g., Bogomolov 1994, 2004; Esin 2003; Mikhalev 2009; Suomela 2014; Zhirkov 2003). There are as well several studies on the online space of the “Russian abroad” (e.g., Morgunova 2014; Reut and Teterevleva 2014). Yet, the currently existing printed Russian-language media remain somewhat of a blind spot on the map of the diaspora studies and media studies alike, despite the scale of this media segment.This study focuses on the printed media segment of the Russophone media abroad. The study is based on a twelve-year long monitoring of Russian-language press that consisted of a basic content analysis of 65 printed media and survey of 64 journalists working for 50 outlets. The materials were collected during the trainings for these journalists organized by the Universal Association of Russian Press (VARP) and Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University.The study maps the space of the Russian-language press abroad, describes the tendencies characteristic for it, and highlights the typological models within this segment. On the one hand, the Russian-language media abroad are influenced by global processes, which lead to their commercialization, standardization, concentration and integration with non-established media online. On the other hand, these media are oriented at specific audiences, united by the language and culture. The current challenges of these media are related to the political events (such as Ukrainian conflict), as well as the broader problem of self-identification of the Russophone diaspora.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Olga Voronova

Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

Since 2013, scholars have been discussing events happening in Ukraine from the perspective of the “war of narratives” (Khaldarova and Pantti 2016). In this war, information has become one of the main weapons (Hoskins and O’Loughlin 2010), and fight for the publics has crossed the borders of the ordinary economic and political struggles. Previous research has mainly focused on the attempts of the Russian mainstream state-controlled media to influence the Russian-speaking audiences in Ukraine, Russia and elsewhere by spreading pro-Kremlin propaganda (see Pantti 2016). Less attention has been given to the Ukrainian media community and the internal processes in it in the period of crisis (Bolin, Jordan & Ståhlberg 2016). Being a part of the research project ”From nation branding to information war”, this paper focuses on a very particular group of the representatives of the Ukrainian media community – Russian journalists who moved to Ukraine and work for Ukrainian audiences. This paper applies the theoretical prism of “imagined audiences” (e.g. Litt and Hargitai 2016, boyd 2008) and “imagined communities” (Anderson 2006). The analysis is based on semi-structured interviews with seven journalists conducted in 2017. What are the motivations behind their choice of the new geographic location and place of work? What are the challenges that they face adjusting to the new journalism culture and how do they see their role in the “war of narratives”? How do they imagine and perceive their audiences? And how do they relate to the language issue, as Ukrainian language is becoming more and more dominant both in broadcast and printed media?

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Nordmedia conference 2017. : .

Journalism culture is described by scholars as “one of the resources journalists draw upon to coordinate their activities as reporters, photographers, and editors” (Zelizer 2005, p. 204). Importantly, journalism cultures should be analyzed not only in connection to the contexts, but also in and as processes (Voronova 2014, p. 221). While most journalism cultures in the world face similar challenges, such as commercialization and digitalization, some of them are challenged by more radical challenges, such as war conflicts. Ukrainian journalism culture since 2013 is undergoing a painful process of continuously adjusting to and counteracting the circumstances of conflict, with external and internal propaganda (e.g. coming from the so-called “people’s republics” of Donetsk and Luhansk), economic pressure being a consequence of the more general crisis, and guidelines coming from the state institutions, such as the Ministry of Information Policy (MIP) (e.g. Bolin, Jordan & Ståhlberg 2016, Pantti 2016, Nygren & Hök 2016). Nygren et al. (2016), based on content analysis and interviews with journalists, conclude that one of the main challenges for the Ukrainian journalists today is a conflict between the ideal of neutrality in coverage and favoring of “patriotic journalism” in practice. This paper takes this discussion further and suggests to look at how the professional journalism organizations in Ukraine reflect upon this conflict, which journalists themselves define as a split between journalists and “Glory-to-Ukraine-journalists” (Sklyarevskaya 2016, October 20th). How does the participation of Ukrainian journalism organizations in the discussion of objectivity vs. patriotism look like on different levels – international, regional, national and local? Is there a possibility to retain a national culture of journalism in the situation of crisis, or does it inevitably end up in splitting to many journalism cultures that have their own rules, beliefs and ideals? Using Hanitzsch’s model of deconstruction of journalism culture (Hanitzsch 2007, Nygren et al 2016), and focusing specifically on the dimension of epistemological beliefs, this paper analyzes a specific case: project ”Two countries – one profession” initiated and supported by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. The project consists of regular round tables where senior representatives from Ukrainian and Russian professional journalism organizations meet to discuss ways to improve professional standards and safety of journalists, as well as collaborative projects between young journalists from the two countries. The project is perceived as contradictory and provocative by a part of the Ukrainian media community (e.g. Rudenko 2016, December 15th). The paper is based on analysis of observations of meetings between the National Union of Journalists of Ukraine and the Russian Union of Journalists, interviews with representatives of these and other media organizations and experts in Ukraine, focus groups with the young journalists involved in the project, and negative and positive reactions to this project by the Ukrainian media community.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: IAMCR 2017. : .

Since 2013, scholars have been discussing events happening in Ukraine from the perspective of the “war of narratives” (Khaldarova and Pantti 2016). In this war, information has become one of the main weapons (Hoskins and O’Loughlin 2010), and fight for the publics has crossed the borders of the ordinary economic and political struggles. Previous research has mainly focused on the attempts of the Russian mainstream state-controlled media and other actors (e.g. trolls on social media) to influence the Russian-speaking audiences in Ukraine, Russia and elsewhere by spreading pro-Kremlin propaganda (see Pantti 2016). Less attention has been given to the Ukrainian media community and the internal processes in it in the period of crisis (Bolin, Jordan & Ståhlberg 2016). Being a part of the research project ”From nation branding to information war”, this paper focuses on the visions of the publics by the Ukrainian media community today. How do representatives of the media community imagine and perceive their audiences? What are the changes that have occurred along with the territorial changes – loss of Crimea to Russia and establishment of selfproclaimed ”people’s republics” in the East of the country? And which language do media producers choose today to speak to their audiences? Through the prism of “imagined audiences” (e.g. Litt and Hargitai 2016, boyd 2008) and “imagined communities” (Anderson 2006), this paper discusses several aspects of the changes in the visions of the audiences by the Ukrainian media community. First, it focuses on the visions of the audiences by the journalists who due to the crisis had to move geographically and, thus, work for a different audience today. As such, it takes up the cases of journalists who moved from Crimea and the socalled LPR and DPR to Kyiv or other Ukrainian regions. Another case is journalists from Russia who moved to Ukraine for ideological reasons. Second, the paper discusses the reactions of the media community to the need for reaching out to the audiences in Crimea and so-called DPR/LPR, the technological and ideological challenges of this communication. Third, it focuses on a serious challenge and change concerning the language, in which the audiences are addressed. Due to new legislative proposals and, according to some media experts, economic reasons, Ukrainian language is becoming more and more dominant both in broadcast and printed media. Yet, simultaneously Ukraine is one of successful producers of transnational entertainment products in Russian language (e.g. popular travel show “Oryol i Reshka” by TeenSpirit Production which is broadcast in Ukraine, Russia and Kazakhstan).

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: IAMCR 2017. : .

There are more than 30 million Russian speakers living outside of the current borders of the Russian Federation. “Russian abroad” can partly be viewed as diaspora (e.g. Cohen 1997, Hoyle 2013, Safran 1991, Sheffer 2003, Vertovec 1999) and partly as a cultural macro-social group. Its specificity is its multilayered (different waves of migration) and multiethnic character (see Pivovar 2008, 2010). “Russian abroad” consists of two groups: Russian migrants who left the country in different periods and their descendants, and Russian-speakers who found themselves abroad after the collapse of the USSR. In eighty countries of the world, there are published around 3.5 thousand media in Russian language. The printed media of the three first waves of the Russian emigration are thoroughly studied (e.g., Bogomolov 1994, 2004; Esin 2003; Mikhalev 2009; Suomela 2014; Zhirkov 2003). There are as well several studies on the online space of the “Russian abroad” (e.g., Morgunova 2014; Reut and Teterevleva 2014). Yet, the currently existing printed Russian-language media, their role, political orientation, functions, professional views of the journalists, diapason of influence, audiences - remain somewhat of a blind spot on the map of the diaspora studies and media studies alike, despite the scale of this media segment. Empirical studies of these media are challenged by the fact that not all of these media have their online versions and absence of a common catalogue (see O. Voronova 2016). The existing studies are either country-based or focus on the linguistic aspects exclusively. This study focuses on the printed media segment and suggests a typology of the Russian-language press abroad. The study is based on a twelve-year long monitoring of Russian-language press that consisted of a basic content analysis of 65 printed media and survey of 64 journalists working for 50 outlets. The materials were collected during the trainings for these journalists organized by the Universal Association of Russian Press (VARP) and Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University. The study maps the space of the Russian-language press abroad, describes the tendencies characteristic for it, and highlights the typological models within this segment. On the one hand, the Russian-language media abroad are influenced by global processes, which lead to their commercialization, standardization, concentration and integration with non-established media online. On the other hand, these media are oriented at specific audiences, united by the Russian language, culture, traditions; for the post-Soviet countries – by the common experience of living in the same state. These media have features of both global and national media, as their audiences are influenced by at least two cultures. Being spread in the world, these media have the same language, similar functions and, often, a common agenda. The current challenges of these media are related to the political events (such as Ukrainian conflict), as well as the broader problem of self-identification of the Russian-language diaspora. The study suggests viewing the Russian-language media abroad as a cultural phenomenon that should be analyzed in dynamics and in the context of the geopolitical changes and challenges.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Olga Voronova

Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ekaterina KalininaLiudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
JournalismMedia and Communication Studies

Research area for doctoral studies

Critical and Cultural Theory

In: På väg. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017. 289-296.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jonas Lindström

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journalism Practice 2017, : 1-22.

Using a survey of a sample of hyperlocal actors in Sweden (N = 178), this article examines preconditions, motivations and sustainability for hyperlocal media operations, outside the traditional media chains, in order to provide a picture of their function in the current media landscape, and to further build on the understanding of the hyperlocal business model. This study extends the hyperlocal definition by including media platforms other than websites. The results show that the operations indeed aim to support and foster citizenship, strengthen democracy and mirror the local community. At the same time, as shown by other studies, the fact that they are not large-scale, highly profitable operations may challenge their sustainability. Nonetheless, most of them claim to be profitable, largely because of the print platform, and have a positive outlook on the future. Revenues from advertising and readership are currently less substantial for Web-based operations, which reinforces the need to broaden the definition of hyperlocal publishing platforms when talking about financial sustainability. Currently, hyperlocal media in Sweden, with small resources and a lower publishing frequency, cannot be viewed as a replacement of established media, but play important roles as complementary alternative voices and contribute to media plurality in the local community.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

S. Leckner

Carina TenorGunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psychology & Marketing 2017, 34 (12): 1073-1083.

Drawing from fit research in strategic management, this study develops and investigates a model predicting destination attitude and (re)visit intention. The study introduces the concept of destination personality fit on the basis of how well consumer perceptions of a tourist destination's brand personality fits that of what the destination brand manager wishes to convey. A model incorporating destination advertising awareness as an antecedent of destination personality and consumer-manager destination personality fit is tested on international consumers with the destination personality of Switzerland as the study setting. Structural equation modeling results reveal that destination advertising awareness does indeed relate positively to both stronger perceived destination personality and destination personality fit in consumers' minds. Interestingly, the subsequent destination personality-destination attitude relationship is moderated by consumer-manager destination personality fit in such a way that the link grows stronger in cases where fit is high. The results have important implications for destination brand managers in that they reinforce the importance of strong and distinct destination personalities. The findings also show the importance of actively communicating the destination brand to consumers since the positive outcomes of a strong destination personality increase in magnitude when successfully communicated, and the vision of the destination brand manager has been adopted by the consumer.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Magnus Hultman

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Industrial Marketing Management 2017, : -.

Abstract Research shows that effective marketing and R&D interface is pivotal in a company’s new product development performance and future competitiveness. The increased popularity of social media promised to enhance interaction, collaboration, and networking between the two functions. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the key activities, infrastructure requirements, and potential benefits of social media in the marketing and R&D interface. This study aims to advance the current understanding of social media engagement strategies, which facilitates improved marketing and R&D interfaces and ultimately NPD performance for manufacturing companies. Based on a multiple-case study in two manufacturing companies, this study first presents the role of social media in facilitating improved marketing and R&D interface within a B2B context. Second, it presents the adoption process of the social media engagement strategy for an evolving marketing and R&D interface. The adoption process is divided into three phases, namely coordination, cooperation, and coproduction, to provide detailed insights regarding full-scale social media engagement. Taken together, the study provides novel insights into industrial marketing management literature by exemplifying the role of social media and proposing a systematic social engagement strategy for improved marketing and R&D interface in the manufacturing industry.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Koteshwar Chirumalla

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide. Berlin : Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag GmbH, 2017. 115-168.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Joakim Ekman

Mai-Brith Schartau


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Uppsala : Länsbibliotek Uppsala, 2017. ( ; )

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Pamela Schultz Nybacka

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Routledge Handbook of Scandinavian Politics. London : Routledge, 2017. 147-160.

The Nordic states – Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland 1 – have provided fertile terrain for populism, which is understood here as a ‘thin’ ideology ‘that considers society to be ultimately separated into two homogenous and antagonistic groups – “the pure people” versus the “corrupt elite”, and which argues that politics should be an expression of the volonté générale’ (Mudde 2004: 543). Populism embraces an anti-establishment position and an idea of two homogenous groups that stand in an antagonistic relationship to one another: ‘the people’ and ‘the elite’. As an ‘empty container’, the ‘people’ can refer to the citizens (demos), ‘our people’ (ethnos) and the ‘ordinary people’ (the ‘common man’) (Canovan 1999). This thin-centred ideology can and ultimately must combine with other ideologies to develop into electorally attractive alternatives. Historically, populism has manifested itself in and married with different, ‘fuller’ ideologies. Consequently, populism can be left- and right-wing – and even agrarian populism.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ann-Cathrine Jungar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Nordisk Administrativt Tidsskrift 2017, 94 (2): 5-20.

I artikeln granskas förvaltningsrättens hantering av mål som rör tvångsvård för missbrukare, enligt lagen om vård av missbrukare i vissa fall (LVM), när klienten är en gravid kvinna. Enligt lagen ska rätten inte ta hänsyn till fostret eller graviditeten i sin bedömning, men rätten hänvisar ändå ofta till detta när de motiverar sitt beslut. Baserat på 98 domar analyseras sannolikheten att rätten ska omnämna graviditeten, och därmed tillmäta denna betydelse, utifrån egenskaper hos kvinnan och strukturella förhållanden avseende rättens sammansättning och rättsprocessen. Resultaten visar att graviditetslängd har betydelse – i sig och särskilt om hon var närvarande vid den muntliga förhandlingen. Domarens kön hade däremot ingen betydning för om graviditeten togs upp i rättens motivering. Avslutningsvis diskuteras den muntliga förhandlingens plats i rättsprocessen. Resultaten pekar på risken att denna ordning, som är en viktig del av den formella rättssäkerheten, kan bidra till att försvaga den materiella rättssäkerheten genom att ge större utrymme för känslor och hänsynstagande till potentiellt ovidkommande egenskaper och omständigheter. Dessutom kan en rättsprocess, som är en påfrestande form av konfliktlösning, vara särskilt belastande för redan utsatta människor. Slutligen diskuteras rättsprocessen utifrån ett delaktighetsperspektiv, med särskilt fokus på delaktighetens villkor.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Therese Reitan

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Cultural Borders of Europe. New York, Oxford : Berghahn Books, 2017. 170-183.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jon Wittrock

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: På väg. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017. 261-268.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Apostolis Papakostas

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Våldsbejakande extremism. Stockholm : Wolters Kluwer, 2017. 291-322.

Den samtida forskningen om sociala rörelser erbjuder en rad insikter om politiskt motiverat våld: varför det uppkommer, vad som gör att våldsanvändning kan eskalera, men även vad som bidrar till att grupper inom en rörelse undviker eller slutar att använda våld. När man inom forskningen om sociala rörelser talar om radikalisering avser man vanligen de processer som leder till att grupper av aktivister inom en rörelse börjar använda våld eller trappar upp sitt användande av våld.Inom andra forskningsfält brukar radikalisering ofta relateras till sociala bakgrundsfaktorer, individuella omständigheter eller personlighetsdrag, vilka antas bidra till att enskilda individer börjar använda politiskt motiverat våld eller ansluter sig till grupper där våld används. En sådan förståelse av radikalisering har inte sällan legat till grund för myndighetsåtgärder för att förebygga eller bekämpa politiskt motiverad våldsbrottslighet.Utgångspunkten inom forskningen om sociala rörelser är i stället att de flesta individer som utför politiskt motiverade våldshandlingar redan är en del av en social rörelse. Det blir därmed relevant att undersöka de sociala processer inom en rörelse som kan leda till att vissa grupper inom en rörelse använder våld, samt hur dessa processer påverkas av interaktion med aktörer utanför rörelsen. Detta innebär också att forskningen inom detta fält mer sällan intresserar sig för de enskilda utövare av politiskt våld som agerar på egen hand och inte är knutna till en rörelse.Samtidigt har forskningen om sociala rörelser länge undersökt vilka individer som ansluter sig till rörelser och varför de gör det. I vissa studier har det även undersökts vilka individuella omständigheter som påverkar att rörelseaktivister börjar använda olagliga eller våldsamma metoder. Därmed kan den empiriska forskningen inom detta fält kasta nytt ljus över den förståelse av radikalisering som dominerat annan forskning och myndighetsåtgärder.I detta kapitel ges inledningsvis en övergripande bild av forskningsfältets framväxt och huvudsakliga kunskapsintressen. Därefter introduceras hur man inom detta fält har betraktat och undersökt fenomenet politiskt våld. Detta följs av en översikt över de faktorer som forskningen kunnat visa är betydelsefulla för att individer ansluter sig till sociala rörelser, samt för att vissa rörelseaktivister börjar använda våldsamma metoder. Därefter diskuteras forskningen om radikaliseringsprocesser, vilket här förstås som när grupper inom en social rörelse börjar använda politiskt motiverat våld. I fokus står de mekanismer på gruppnivå som vanligen är centrala för att grupper inom en social rörelse radikaliseras, något som även möjliggör insikter om hur dessa processer kan avbrytas. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Nordicom Information 2017, 39 (1): 127-129.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Emil Edenborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift 2017, 119 (2): 338-341.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Emil Edenborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Postcolonial Studies 2017, 20 (3): 294-316.

Some states create geographical imaginaries that envision the homeland as coherent and good, and the spaces of Others as disordered, dangerous and therefore legitimate objects of violence. Such ‘violent cartographies’ serve not only to justify policy actions, but constitute bordering practices aiming to provide stability, integrity and continuity to the Self, sometimes referred to as ‘ontological security’. This article examines the role of creativity and artistic imagination in challenging dominant geopolitical narratives. It examines satire on the Russian-language internet, which played upon the Russian state’s geopolitical narrative about the war in Ukraine 2014–15. Three themes within this dominant narrative – (1) the imperialist idea of Russia as a modernising force, (2) the gendering of Ukraine as feminine and Europe as homosexual and (3) the idea that the current war was a re-enactment of Russia’s historical battle against fascism – all became the object of fun-making in satire. I argue that satire, by appropriating, repeating but slightly displacing official rhetoric in ways that make it appear ridiculous, may destabilise dominant narratives of ontological security and challenge their strive towards closure. Satire may expose the silences of dominant narratives and undermine the essentialism and binarism upon which they rely, opening up for estrangement and disidentification.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Emil Edenborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Socialt arbete i civilsamhället. Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2017. 175-200.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jaakko TurunenNoomi Weinryb

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe 2017, 16 (2): 41-66.

Immigration into states with historical linguistic minorities creates the dilemma of which language newly arrived immigrants should learn in the state-provided integration programmes. Research has shown how territorially concentrated historical minorities have used immigrants to favour their own nation-building projects. While these minorities to some extent operate like a majority within their federal state or province, this paper explores how constitutionally bilingual Finland, having a Swedish-speaking non-territorial minority with the same linguistic rights as the majority, governs immigrant integration. It investigates the implications of the strong legal and weak societal status of Swedish for immigrant integration by connecting scholarship on liberal multiculturalism and integration in multilingual states to laws, reports and interviews on integration in Swedish-speaking Finland. It shows tensions between Finland-Swedish integration aspirations and state level policies promoting a majority-monolingual integration. Unlike minorities with federal protection, the non-territorial Swedish-speaking minority largely relies on the voluntary choice of immigrants to choose Swedish as their language of integration. Structural obstacles, however, hinder this choice in bilingual regions, having resulted in political debates and actions. This article bridges research on Finnish multiculturalism and research on integration policy in contexts where historical minorities are present by introducing a non-territorial, formerly dominant minority to the research field.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Nina Carlsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Expo 2017, 22 (3): 36-47.

De tre nazisterna misstänks ligga bakom 14 bankrån, två bombattentat och tio mord. I ett hus någonstans i Mellansverige berättar en före detta tysk polisinformatör om hur allt hade kunnat stoppas innan det började

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Sydsvenska Dagbladet 2017, 28 september : A31-A31.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2017.

When the Iron Curtain lifted in 1989, it was seen by some as proof of the final demise of the ideas and aspirations of the radical left. Not many years passed, however, before the critique of capitalism and social inequalities were once again the main protest themes of social movements. This book provides an account of radical left movements in today’s Europe and how they are trying to accomplish social and political change.The book’s international group of leading experts provide detailed analysis on social movement organizations, activist groups, and networks that are rooted in the left-wing ideologies of anarchism, Marxism, socialism, and communism in both newly democratized post-communist and longstanding liberal-democratic polities. Through a range of case studies, the authors explore how radical left movements are influenced by their situated political and social contexts, and how contemporary radical left activism differs from both new and old social movements on one hand, and the activities of radical left parliamentary parties on the other. Ultimately, this volume investigates what it means to be ‘radical left’ in current day liberal-democratic and capi- talist societies after the fall of European state socialism.This is valuable reading for students and researchers interested in European politics, contemporary social movements and political sociology.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Christian Fröhlich

Grzegorz PiotrowskiMagnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Scoop - tidskriften för grävande journalistik 2017, 1 : 114-129.

Olof Palme, Ingvar Kamprad och Kjell-Albin Abramsson. Det är några av de många svenskar som finns i Stasis arkiv. En lärare och en grupp studenter från Södertörns högskola åkte till Berlin för att lära sig gräva i tio mil Stasiakter

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Historical Studies

In: . : .

The Swedish insurance companies developed – in line with other Scandinavian countries – an unique kind of distribution system for selling insurance products. The origin of the Swedish insurance market was built on inspiration from in particular from United Kingdom and Germany when the first joint-stock company Skandia was founded in the 1850s. Swedish insurers copied among other things, insurance contracts, premium calculation schemes and organising agent networks. In line with these corporations, each insurance company established regionally based networks of agents with a general agent and a large number of subordinated agents. However, in the Scandinavian setting, the emergency of independent brokers was haltered by an interesting dilemma. Early on, agents used something called ‘returned commission’ where they offered potential customers to get a portion of the agents’s commission. This often led to that customers signed life insurance contracts with higher insurance sums and after some time the could not keep on paying the premium and had to cancel the contract. Due to the social element of life insurance, and the existence of so-called returned commission, cancelled contracts could jeopardize the legitimacy of the entire market. The only measure – according to the trade organizations – to control the agentswas to keep the system with that each insurers had their own employed agents. Thereby, the emergency of independent brokers did not developed on the Swedish insurance market.In this paper we will follow the distribution system for the insurance industry during the 19th and 20th centuries until today and describe how the system was relative stable until the 1980s through legislation but also supported by formal cartelization and gentlemen’s agreement on the market. In particular one cartel agreement, that was implemented in the 1910s that focused on the agent system that changed repeatedly until the 1980s – and fundament of the entire distribution system – will be discussed. The paper will focus on the major changes that occurred from the 1980s and onwards, in particular in connection of the accession to the European Union in the 1990s that entirely changed the distribution system on the market.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mats Larsson

Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Stockholm : , 2017. ( ; )

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ulrika Gunnarsson-Östling

Erika ÖhlundPaul Fuehrer

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Environmental ScienceSociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Environmental Studies

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Paulina RytkönenMikael LönnborgMarcus Box

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Svenskans beskrivning 35. Göteborg : Institutionen för svenska språket, Göteborgs universitet.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Hanna Sofia Rehnberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
Swedish

Research area for doctoral studies

-

European psychiatry 2017, 47 : 42-48.

AbstractBackground Prior research has indicated that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms may be associated with an increased likelihood of engaging in risky sexual behaviour (RSB). However, research on this association among adolescents has been comparatively limited and mainly confined to North America. The aim of this study was to examine if inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms were linked to RSB in a community cohort sample of Russian adolescents. Methods The study was based on a group of 537 adolescents from Northern Russia. Information on inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity as well as conduct problems was obtained through teacher ratings, while information on RSB (previous unprotected sex, number of sexual partners, sex while intoxicated and partner pregnancies), substance use, perception of risk, and parenting behaviour was based on students’ self-reports. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine associations between the variables. Results Teacher-rated inattention symptoms predicted RSB, independently of co-morbid conduct problems, substance use, risk perception, and different parenting styles (parental warmth, involvement and control). In addition, male sex, binge drinking and a lower assessment of perceived risk were all significantly associated with RSB in an adjusted model. Neither teacher-rated hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms nor conduct problems were linked to RSB in the full model. Conclusions Deficits in planning and organizing behaviours, being easily distracted and forgetful seem to be of importance for RSB in Russian adolescents. This highlights the importance of discriminating between different types of ADHD symptoms in adolescence to prevent risk behaviours and their potentially detrimental outcomes on health and well-being.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

J. Isaksson

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

International Journal of Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Marketing 2017, 4 : -.

This paper introduces and elaborates the notion of fundraising as a theatrical event. By exploring the theatrical setup, as well as social context, of two elite fundraising events that took place at almost the same time and place and for the same cause, the authors disentangle different components that are at play in a fundraising event. The paper shows that a fundraising event needs to align sensory, artistic, and symbolic theatrical levels to convey the desirability of the fundraising cause. In addition, not only the economic but also the social and cultural capitals of the hosts of the event may be of relevance to the fundraising.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jaakko TurunenNoomi Weinryb

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 13)

Arbetsmarknadsmodellen Breddad kompetensförsörjning i Skövde kommun syftar till att avlasta ordinarie kommunal personal och förbättra deras arbetssituation. Genom en ökad arbetsdelning övertar arbetslösa arbetsuppgifter som inte kräver någon formell kompetens, vilket gör att ordinarie personal kan fokusera på sitt kärnarbete.Detta forskningsprojekt har undersökt praktiska förutsättningar för arbetsdelning vid fyra kommunala enheter. Studien visar att det överlag behövs mer personal och att förutsättningarna för arbetsdelning skiljer sig mellan verksamheterna. Avlastningen har trots detta främjat verksamhetens kvalitet, personalens arbetstillfredsställelse och minskat stressen. En framtida utmaning är dock finansieringen av de nya tjänsterna.Daniel Castillo är fil. dr i sociologi och forskningsassistent Mikael Ljung är fil. master i sociologi, båda verksamma vid Förvaltningsakademin, Södertörns högskola.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Daniel Castillo

Mikael Ljung


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sustainability 2017, 9 (9): -22.

This article examines the perspectives of immigrant entrepreneurs on the barriers they face regarding their inclusion in public procurement in Sweden through the so-called supplier diversity programs. Drawing upon modern stakeholder theory and transaction cost economics, this study aims to identify potential barriers such entrepreneurs face in succeeding as suppliers to the public sector. Data were collected through interviews with immigrant entrepreneurs who had experience with the public procurement tender process in Sweden. The results reveal that immigrant entrepreneurs doing business with public procurement face several barriers, ranging from economic to social ones such as information, advertising, human resources, and undercapitalization. The interviewees believe that such barriers weaken their performance and hinder their success in public procurement tenders. When it comes to supplier diversity programs, the entrepreneurs under study were either unaware of such programs in public procurement in Sweden or did not believe in their effectiveness.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Arash Kordestani

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 12)

Genom en rad reformer har hemtjänsten förändrats från att vara en kommunal verksamhet till att idag omfatta både privata bolag och olika kommunala enheter. Grundidén med förändringarna var att verksamheten skulle målstyras och effektiviseras.Denna studie visar att det administrativa arbetet ökat avsevärt, främst högre upp i organisationen. För vårdbiträdena har däremot tidspressen och detaljstyrningen ökat och det finns skäl att ifrågasätta om verksamheten har kostnadseffektiviserats.Slutsatsen blir att ekonomi prioriteras framför omsorg. Sättet som hemtjänsten är organiserad på har lett till tidsbrist, bristande kontinuitet och att omsorgsarbetet med de äldre får stå tillbaka.Mikael Ljung är masterstudent och forskningsassistent och Anders Ivarsson Westerberg är docent i företagsekonomi och verksam vid Förvaltningsakademin, Södertörns högskola.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Anders Ivarsson Westerberg

Mikael Ljung


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Highlights on Reinsurance History. Bruxelles : Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017. 93-112.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mats Larsson

Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. 173-199.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Stig Blomskog

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Emil Edenborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

This thesis focuses on issues around reflexivity and highly skilled migration. Reflexivity has been an underused concept in migration studies and incurporating it has been long overdue. By reflexivity this thesis understands the capacity of an actor to evaluate his or her position in relation to social structures, to take action in managing those structures and, finally, to critically revise both the position and action taken.There are multiple reasons as to why incorporating reflexivity is a useful endeavor to migration studies. On one hand, using reflexive types in order to understand different migration motivations offers an alternative to otherwise mainly class based explanations behind migration objectives. Migration research has long relied on the idea that migration motivations can be coupled with societal and class background. Similarly, return migration has been described almost unanimously as a result of a homing desire. Both positions, as claimed in this thesis, are oversimplifications. On the other hand, I argue that, reflexivity helps to analyze the importance of class or even society on migration in 21th century. This is why I suggest to analyze all three in concurrence – migration, reflexivity and class.In the following pages I analyze how reflexivity can be operationalized for studying migration. So far, reflexivity has been either used as background concept – mobility studies or for explaining particular kind of migration – lifestyle migration. I argue, that with careful operationalization reflexivity could be useful tool for explaining wide-variety of migrations – family, labour, lifestyle etc. Three articles in this thesis focus on providing such operationalizations, analyzing the relationship between migration motivations and reflexivity. Finally, the first article in this thesis analyzes the background of my particular group of migrants – Estonian highly skilled migrants and positions them in relation to other groups in Estonian society. Moreover, the article also underlines that self-development and lifestyle, if you will, is an important motivation for Eastern European migrants as well.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Adrienne Sörbom

Maarja Saar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Psychological Trauma 2017, 9 (Suppl 1): 93-97.

OBJECTIVE: To assess, at a clinical level, the mental health of former Chernobyl cleanup workers from Estonia by comparing them with same-age controls.METHOD: The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was administered during 2011-2012 to 99 cleanup workers and 100 population-based controls previously screened for mental health symptoms.RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed that cleanup workers had higher odds of current depressive disorder (odds ratio [OR] = 3.07, 95% confidence interval [CI: 1.34, 7.01]), alcohol dependence (OR = 3.47, 95% CI [1.29, 9.34]), and suicide ideation (OR = 3.44, 95% CI [1.28, 9.21]) than did controls. Except for suicide ideation, associations with Chernobyl exposure became statistically nonsignificant when adjusted for education and ethnicity.CONCLUSION: A quarter of a century after the Chernobyl accident, Estonian cleanup workers were still at increased risk of mental disorders, which was partly attributable to sociodemographic factors. (PsycINFO Database Record

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Kaia Laidra

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: På väg. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017. -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Inga Brandell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mats Bergman

Anh Mai


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Journal of Aging Research 2017, : -8.

This study described health factors of importance for everyday health, such as pain, tiredness, and sleeping problems, in a cross-national context. Data for persons 60+ years were obtained from the Poverty and Health in Aging study, Bangladesh, and the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Blekinge. The strongest associations with everyday health in Sweden were found for pain and tiredness, while in Bangladesh they were financial status, tiredness, and sleeping problems. As similarities were found regarding the associations of tiredness on everyday health, tiredness may be a universal predictor of everyday health in older adults irrespective of country context.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Cecilia Fagerström

Ola Sternäng


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Educational gerontology 2017, 43 (10): 511-521.

A prolonged working life is crucial for sustaining social welfare and fiscal stability for countries facing ageing populations. The group of older adults is not homogeneous; however, differences within the group may affect the propensity to continue working and to participate in continuing education. The aim of this paper is to explore how participation in work and education vary with gender, age, and education level in a sample of older adults. The study was performed in Sweden, a context characterized by high female labour-market-participation rates and a high average retirement age. The participants were 232 members of four of the major senior citizens’ organizations. We found no differences in participation in work and education based on gender. People older than 75 years were found to be as active as people 65–75 years old in education, but the older group worked less. There were positive associations between education level and participation in both work and education. Hence, this study implies that socio-economic inequalities along these dimensions are widened later in life. This highlights the importance of engaging workers with lower education levels in educational efforts throughout life. It also emphasizes the need for true lifelong learning in society.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Cecilia Bjursell

Ola Sternäng


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

PLoS ONE 2017, 12 (8): -.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to empirically evaluate whether widening educational inequalities in mortality are related to the substantive shifts that have occurred in the educational distribution.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on education and mortality from 18 European populations across several decades were collected and harmonized as part of the Demetriq project. Using a fixed-effects approach to account for time trends and national variation in mortality, we formally test whether the magnitude of relative inequalities in mortality by education is associated with the gender and age-group specific proportion of high and low educated respectively.RESULTS: The results suggest that in populations with larger proportions of high educated and smaller proportions of low educated, the excess mortality among intermediate and low educated is larger, all other things being equal.CONCLUSION: We conclude that the widening educational inequalities in mortality being observed in recent decades may in part be attributed to educational expansion.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Olof Östergren

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Athens Journal of Tourism 2017, 4 (3): 181-201.

A growing number of patients seek medical care outside their country of residence. More mobile populations that seek access to information about international medical treatment alternatives have influenced a booming medical tourism industry. The countries engaged in medical tourism are ranging from countries with high cost of medical care like the USA and Japan to medium cost countries, like Singapore and Germany to low cost countries like India and Poland. Engaging in medical tourism by attracting patients internationally involves a process of internationalization of healthcare. Countries have commonly gone through different stages in their approach to medical tourism which has matured the industry. A first stage in the internationalization is encouraging regular travelers to consider treatment options in a destination. A second stage involves the signing of agreements with healthcare systems in countries that can remit patients abroad. A third stage is to develop an integrated organization taking patients all needs before, during and after treatment into consideration. Our study is based on more than 80 in-depth interviews as well as secondary data from countries in Europe, Asia and North America. Much lower medical treatment prices in many Asian and Latin American countries act as driving forces for medical tourism attracting Western medical tourists to seek treatment in those countries.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Erik BorgFrank Michael KirschKjell Ljungbo

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

European psychiatry 2017, 45 : 227-234.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ai Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of autism and developmental disorders 2017, 47 (11): 3333-3346.

Although children with a greater number of autistic traits are likely to have other mental health problems, research on the association between earlier autistic traits in preschool children and later emotional/behavioral outcomes is scarce. Using data from 189 Japanese community-based children, this study examined whether autistic traits at age 5 were related to emotional/behavioral outcomes at age 7. The results showed that prior autistic traits were subsequently associated with all emotional/behavioral domains. After controlling for baseline emotional/behavioral scores autistic traits continued to predict later emotional symptoms and peer problems. This study highlights that in addition to clinical ASD, it is also important to focus on subthreshold autistic traits in preschool children for better subsequent emotional/behavioral outcomes.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

A. Saito

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

The Lancet 2017, 390 (10091): 231-266.

Background National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Methods We mapped the most widely used list of causes amenable to personal health care developed by Nolte and McKee to 32 GBD causes. We accounted for variations in cause of death certification and misclassifications through the extensive data standardisation processes and redistribution algorithms developed for GBD. To isolate the effects of personal health-care access and quality, we risk-standardised cause-specific mortality rates for each geography-year by removing the joint effects of local environmental and behavioural risks, and adding back the global levels of risk exposure as estimated for GBD 2015. We employed principal component analysis to create a single, interpretable summary measure-the Healthcare Quality and Access (HAQ) Index-on a scale of 0 to 100. The HAQ Index showed strong convergence validity as compared with other health-system indicators, including health expenditure per capita (r= 0.88), an index of 11 universal health coverage interventions (r= 0.83), and human resources for health per 1000 (r= 0.77). We used free disposal hull analysis with bootstrapping to produce a frontier based on the relationship between the HAQ Index and the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a measure of overall development consisting of income per capita, average years of education, and total fertility rates. This frontier allowed us to better quantify the maximum levels of personal health-care access and quality achieved across the development spectrum, and pinpoint geographies where gaps between observed and potential levels have narrowed or widened over time. Findings Between 1990 and 2015, nearly all countries and territories saw their HAQ Index values improve; nonetheless, the difference between the highest and lowest observed HAQ Index was larger in 2015 than in 1990, ranging from 28.6 to 94.6. Of 195 geographies, 167 had statistically significant increases in HAQ Index levels since 1990, with South Korea, Turkey, Peru, China, and the Maldives recording among the largest gains by 2015. Performance on the HAQ Index and individual causes showed distinct patterns by region and level of development, yet substantial heterogeneities emerged for several causes, including cancers in highest-SDI countries; chronic kidney disease, diabetes, diarrhoeal diseases, and lower respiratory infections among middle-SDI countries; and measles and tetanus among lowest-SDI countries. While the global HAQ Index average rose from 40.7 (95% uncertainty interval, 39.0-42.8) in 1990 to 53.7 (52.2-55.4) in 2015, far less progress occurred in narrowing the gap between observed HAQ Index values and maximum levels achieved; at the global level, the difference between the observed and frontier HAQ Index only decreased from 21.2 in 1990 to 20.1 in 2015. If every country and territory had achieved the highest observed HAQ Index by their corresponding level of SDI, the global average would have been 73.8 in 2015. Several countries, particularly in eastern and western sub-Saharan Africa, reached HAQ Index values similar to or beyond their development levels, whereas others, namely in southern sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and south Asia, lagged behind what geographies of similar development attained between 1990 and 2015. Interpretation This novel extension of the GBD Study shows the untapped potential for personal health-care access and quality improvement across the development spectrum. Amid substantive advances in personal health care at the national level, heterogeneous patterns for individual causes in given countries or territories suggest that few places have consistently achieved optimal health-care access and quality across health-system functions and therapeutic areas. This is especially evident in middle-SDI countries, many of which have recently undergone or are currently experiencing epidemiological transitions. The HAQ Index, if paired with other measures of health-systemcharacteristics such as intervention coverage, could provide a robust avenue for tracking progress on universal health coverage and identifying local priorities for strengthening personal health-care quality and access throughout the world.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ryan M. Barber

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017.

Den första januari 2015 sjösattes den kanske största organisationsreform som genomförts i Sveriges statsförvaltning – omorganisationen där de 21 länspolismyndigheterna slogs ihop till en enda nationell polismyndighet. Syftet med reformen var att komma närmare medborgarna samtidigt som förmågan att fatta beslut på en samordnad central nivå skulle stärkas.I november 2016 arrangerade Förvaltningsakademin ett seminarium om denna reform. I panelen deltog forskare, poliser, journalister och rikspolischef Dan Eliasson. Första delen av seminariet handlade om hur själva reformen blev till. Den andra delen var ett panelsamtal där deltagarna utifrån sina olika perspektiv diskuterade kring frågor som: Vilka negativa och positiva effekter kan vi se så här långt? Hur ser vi på framtiden?I denna skrift presenteras en utskrift av seminariet. Här ges även ett teoretiskt perspektiv samt en översikt över de reformer den svenska polisen genomgått sedan mitten av 1960-talet.Anders Ivarsson Westerberg är docent i företagsekonomi och verksam vid Förvaltningsakademin, Södertörns högskola.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Anders Ivarsson Westerberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. (PESO Working Papers ; 2017:2)

Studien har utgått från marknadsnotering av små och medelstora företag (SMF), vilka inte beforskats i Sverige sedan tidigare. Eftersom området är outforskat föll valet på en intervjustudie innebärande djuplodande empiri med stor nyansrikedom för att erhålla nödvändig kunskap om marknadens och företagens förutsättningar. Vidare föll urvalsramen på AktieTorget (sic), som är en marknadsplats för transaktioner av finansiella instrument, i huvudsak aktier, specifikt inriktat på just SMF, varför valet av AktieTorget var strategiskt. Tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med en blandning av olika typer av branscher och företagsstorlekar valdes ut från de 160 företag som är noterade på AktieTorgets lista. Dessa tio företag utgör således studiens nettourval. Intervjuerna genomfördes under perioden november 2016 till januari 2017. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna är i huvudsak nätverksteorier, Schumpeters teori om innovatör och entreprenör, agentteorin om principal och agent, informations- asymmetri samt effektiva marknadshypotesen (EMH). Studiens i huvudsak viktigaste resultat för företagen att marknadsnoteras är, förutom det vanligaste i.) att erhålla externt kapital, ii.) att markwnadsföra sig både internt mot aktieägare och anställda och mot externa aktörer som potentiella nya kunder, anställda och samhällsinstitutioner genom den ökade legitimitet en marknadsnotering innebär samt iii.) att erhålla ett uppdaterat marknadspris på företagets värde underlättande eller t.o.m. möjliggörande exit för företagens initiala ägare och att möjliggöra expansion genom att köpa upp andra verksamheter med egna marknadsnoterade aktier. I studien diskuteras att en marknadsnotering leder till en effektivare prissättning på företagets verksamhet innebärande en mer korrekt värdering av företaget, vilket har positiva effekter på samhällsnyttan. Några nackdelar som lyfts fram med marknadsnotering är i.) den ökade transparens marknadsnotering kräver innebärande ökade formella krav på verksamheten samt ii.) den ökade publicitet marknadsnotering innebär och som kan vara negativt vid tillfällen då företagen måste delge marknaden dålig information. En kvantitativ studie planeras som uppföljning till denna.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Peter Towman

Erik BorgLars Vigerland

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift 2017, 119 (3): 630-632.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Peter Strandbrink

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Great regional awakening. : .

Suburbs represent an essential subject for regional studies and have a rapidly increasing economic significance within wider metropolitan regions (Phelps 2010). It is necessary to create inclusive suburbs with a stronger identity. The current growth of populations in major cities requires an ability to reorganize existing cities and a massive restructuring of urban infrastructure (Modarres and Kirby 2010). The interpretation of the needs of suburbs have previously called for a transdisciplinary and collaborative strategy (Després et al. 2004). We look at entrepreneurship and different types of 21 businesses as a source of vitalization of suburbs. These ventures are studied in the context of the diversity of the population of suburb. Entrepreneurial investments, the establishment of high impact enterprises as well as networking among local and migrant businesses represent elements that can vitalize previously marginalized suburbs. Enterprises that are clustered in suburban neighborhoods reflect the different impacts of suburban and city spatial forms. Newly arrived citizens draw upon the critical mass of ethnic members to form a niche market for ethnic business (Fong et al. 2007). Minorities may have limited access to financial capital in the larger urban economy, but ethnic enclaves may provide a source of a unique competitive advantage (Cummings 1999). Entrepreneurship rooted in a suburban surrounding represent a specific opportunity to become embedded in an economic and spatial dimension. The migrant may be seen as representing a diversity capital which penetrate specific market conditions located in ethnically diverse neighborhoods situated in the suburbs of major cities. The spatial and entrepreneurial dimension of ethnic business can thereby be given a relevant context for interpretation.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ali HajighasemiBesrat TesfayeErik BorgMalin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationSocial Work

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business. East Lansing, USA : Academy of International Business.

This article presents a study of networks in the financial services market. We invoke network theory to study the role of connection between market actors within investment banking. We look at the relationship between corporate governance and the networks and performance of financial market actors. A comprehensive set of secondary data is analyzed with a multiple correspondence analysis methodology. The data is compared with evidences of rankings of the financial service divisions of investment banks. We have found that the forming of formal networks ties between market actors can be associated with the rating of financial banking service. Actors with more network connections are rated higher in customer ratings than those with fewer network ties. The forming of formal ties in boards and committees has a positive impact on the performance ratings of providers of financial services. Our data consists of three clusters. The first entails international banks with high turnover and superior customer reviews. The second cluster consists of small unranked banks with considerably lower turnover, and the third cluster is represented by the midsized banks.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Erik BorgKarin WinrothLars Vigerland

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017.

Byggandet av Nya Karolinska Solna (NKS) är förknippat med en dröm från slutet av 1990-talet om ett sjukhus som ett nav i ett internationellt konkurrenskraftigt universitetssjukvårdssystem. Det skulle vara ett specialsjukhus för regionen och inta en central roll för utvecklingen av Stockholmsregionen till ett biomedicinskt kraftcentrum. 2008 fattades beslutet om att bygga det nya sjukhuset och fylla det med ett nytt verksamhetsinnehåll. Beslutsprocessen rörande verksamhetsinnehållet vid NKS har präglats av interimistiska beslut och utvecklats till en process som förändrat villkoren för andra beslutsprocesser med stora ekonomiska och praktiska återverkningar för hälso- och sjukvården i Stockholmsregionen.Här redovisas hur det gick till när besluten om vård, forskning och utbildning vid NKS fattades. Och framför allt diskuteras NKS-projektets otillräckliga beslutsunderlag och de utdragna beslutsprocessernas konsekvenser för det regionala vårdsystemet.Jan Öhrming är Senior professor i företagsekonomi vid Södertörns högskola.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jan Öhrming

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Health and Place 2017, 47 : 44-53.

Abstract The magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality differs importantly between countries, but these variations have not been satisfactorily explained. We explored the role of behavioral and structural determinants of these variations, by using a dataset covering 17 European countries in the period 1970–2010, and by conducting multilevel multivariate regression analyses. Our results suggest that between-country variations in inequalities in current mortality can partly be understood from variations in inequalities in smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poverty. Also, countries with higher national income, higher quality of government, higher social transfers, higher health care expenditure and more self-expression values have smaller inequalities in mortality. Finally, trends in behavioral risk factors, particularly smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, appear to partly explain variations in inequalities in mortality trends. This study shows that analyses of variations in health inequalities between countries can help to identify entry-points for policy.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Johan P. Mackenbach

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

New England Journal of Medicine 2017, 377 (1): 13-27.

BACKGROUND Although the rising pandemic of obesity has received major attention in many countries, the effects of this attention on trends and the disease burden of obesity remain uncertain. METHODS We analyzed data from 68.5 million persons to assess the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults between 1980 and 2015. Using the Global Burden of Disease study data and methods, we also quantified the burden of disease related to high body-mass index (BMI), according to age, sex, cause, and BMI in 195 countries between 1990 and 2015. RESULTS In 2015, a total of 107.7 million children and 603.7 million adults were obese. Since 1980, the prevalence of obesity has doubled in more than 70 countries and has continuously increased in most other countries. Although the prevalence of obesity among children has been lower than that among adults, the rate of increase in childhood obesity in many countries has been greater than the rate of increase in adult obesity. High BMI accounted for 4.0 million deaths globally, nearly 40% of which occurred in persons who were not obese. More than two thirds of deaths related to high BMI were due to cardiovascular disease. The disease burden related to high BMI has increased since 1990; however, the rate of this increase has been attenuated owing to decreases in underlying rates of death from cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS The rapid increase in the prevalence and disease burden of elevated BMI highlights the need for continued focus on surveillance of BMI and identification, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based interventions to address this problem. (Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.)

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ashkan Afshin

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

London : Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

This book explores the inherent tension in civic education. There is a surging belief in contemporary European society that liberal democracy should work harder to reproduce the civic and normative setups of national populations through public education. The cardinal notion is that education remains the best means to accomplish this end, and educational regimes appropriate tools to make the young more tolerant, civic, democratic, communal, cosmopolitan, and prone to engaged activism. This book is concerned with the ambiguities that strain standard visions of civic education and educational statehood. On the one hand, civic-normative education is expected to drive tolerance in the face of conflicting good-life affirmations and accelerating worldview pluralisation; on the other hand, nation-states are primarily interested in reproducing the normative prerogatives that prevail in restricted cultural environments. This means that civic education unfolds on two irreconcilable planes at once: one cosmopolitan/tolerant, another parochial/intolerant. The book will be of significant interest to students and scholars of education, sociology, normative statehood, democracy, and liberal political culture, particularly those working in the areas of civic education; as well as education policy-makers.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Peter Strandbrink

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Gobernanza territorial y Sistemas Agroalimentarios Localizados en la Nueva Ruralidad. Mexico City : Universidad Nacional de Mexico (UNAM), 2017. 94-101.

Este artículo hace énfasis en el impacto que la planta hidroeléctrica Alto Maipo tiene en el sistema agroalimentario localizado en el Cajón del Maipo, Chile. La pregunta a responder es: Que tipo de impacto/externalidad positiva o negativa ha ejercido la construcción de la planta Alto Maipo sobre la transhumancia en el area? Una importante conclusion del estudio piloto es que a pesar de que se realizó una extensa investigación previa la construcción del Alto Maipo, los posibles impactos sobre la transhumancia y por lo tanto en antiguos sistemas agroalimentarios localizados en el área han sido altamente descuidados. Hasta la fecha, los resultados muestran cómo un impacto exógeno en las instituciones locales, que unian el paisaje, las personas, los animales y los productos han sido alterados a través de la creación de oportunidades alternativas de ingresos y han forzado el cambio. Los acontecimientos actuales generaron oportunidades de ingreso alternativas en el corto plaxo, pero tambien generaron impactos negativos de largo plazo en los modos de vida  y en la naturaleza. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Paulina Rytkönen

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Industrial Marketing Management 2017, : -.

This study examines how subsidiaries can manage dual embeddedness with both local partners and a multinational enterprise. Specifically, we examine the role of absorptive capacity and appropriability mechanisms on subsidiary performance. We analyse how absorptive capacity and appropriability enable subsidiaries to successfully address knowledge challenges related to internal and external networks. We conducted an empirical analysis on a sample of 165 subsidiaries. Our results suggest that absorptive capacity has a direct, positive effect on subsidiary performance, which is greater in emerging countries. The study also found an indirect effect of absorptive capacity on subsidiary performance, which is mediated through appropriability mechanisms. These findings extend the literature on international networks, dual embeddedness and absorptive capacity.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

J. Cenamor

Pejvak Oghazi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Revue internationale des gouvernements ouverts 2017, 5 : 13-32.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

In: . : .

Right to be Forgotten in Sweden Google has received about 15,000 requests for delisting regarding Swedish websites. Yet, in more than half of the cases the American search engine operator refused to remove the disputed websites from their results.What kind of help may individuals to whom a request for delisting has been denied expect from public authorities expect from public authorities? In other words, how do the Swedish authorities apply the Google ruling? These are the questions we tackle in this paper, first by focusing on the manner in which the Data Protection Authority, the Datainspektion (DI), deals with the issue; then by looking on how the courts – in the current case, the ordinary judge – handle complaints against search engine operators’ decisions not to delist incriminated URLs.The first section, dedicated to the theme of the right to be delisted and the data protection authority, begins with a brief review of the information provided by the Data Protection Authority’s website on the right to be forgotten and the manner to exercise it. We notice that there is a need for clearer information but that some improvements seem to be underway, not least concerning the right to erasure laid down in the General Data Protection Regulation.The next two parts of Section 1 deal with the twofold procedure initiated in May 2015 by the DI towards Google, following complaints submitted to the Swedish authority. One part of the procedure concerns thirteen individual complaints selected by the DI that the Swedish supervisory authority required Google to review. The second part of the procedure consists of a general investigation of the way the American search engine operator complies with the European case law on the right to be forgotten. In a decision closing these two procedures on May 2nd 2017, the Data Protection Authority, assesses that in five of these cases Google’s reiterated refusal to delist websites from the search results were in breach of the Swedish data protection legislation and requires Google to delist the incriminated websites by August 2nd 2017. Moreover, the Swedish Data Protection Authority makes two recommendations to Google with regard to the procedure its removals-team follows when receiving a request from an individual to remove links. Additionally the DI requires Google to apply the right to be forgotten not only for search results on Google’s Swedish pages, but also on Google’s search engine for other countries that ”have such a relationship to Sweden and to the data subject that they cause an infringement in the privacy of the data subject”. The American search engine operator has three weeks from the date of reception of the decision for lodging an appeal to the administrative court.The second section, entitled The right to be delisted and the ordinary judge, provides an analysis of the first Swedish judgment in the field. The court of first instance of Stockholm, in its decision from May 9th 2016, made upon the appeal of a businessman in the construction sector complaining about the refusal of Google to remove links to webpages publishing critical articles regarding the plaintiff, decided in favor of the search engine operator. We analyse this judgement with a particular focus, first, on the balancing of the interests the judge makes in the present case, as well as on the legality of the data processing, and, second, on the question raised by the defendant on the competence of the ordinary judge to prohibit the continued processing of data. On the first issue, the Swedish authority, taking inter alia into account the role of public figure of the plaintiff and the seriousness of the news outlets which published the incriminated articles, concluded that the interests of Google and third persons to diffuse and access information contained in the articles outweight the right to protection of privacy and the right of data protection of the plaintiff. Consequently, the judge assessed that the data processing wasn’t illegal. On the second issue of the competence of the ordinary judge to order the cessation of the listing of websites, we first review the different opinions on that issue before raising the question of the compliance of the Swedish legal framework in terms of the effectiveness of the application of the European ruling on the right to be delisted.Our general conclusion is that it is too early to give a straightforward appreciation on the way the Swedish authorities apply the right to be forgotten. Indeed, we don’t know how the legally robust decision taken by the DI in May 2017 will impact its policy in the field of the right to be forgotten; will the DI, for instance, endorse more individuals’ complaints? Furthermore, to this date, there has been no decision on the right to be forgotten by the administrative court and only one by an ordinary court. In any case, the absence of obligation for the Datainspektion to forward individual complaints to search engine operators, if combined with a lack of power for the ordinary judge to order a delisting, would raise questions on the effectivness in Sweden of the application of the right to be forgotten.  

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

In: På väg. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017. 229-239.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lisa KingsZhanna Kravchenko

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social WorkSociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Organisation & Samhälle 2017, 1 : 28-33.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jenny Svensson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Bengt JacobssonJenny Svensson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

The International Journal of Cultural Policy 2017, 23 (5): 655-657.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jenny Svensson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Qualitative research in organization and management 2017, 12 (2): 149-168.

Purpose: Policy change is frequently framed as resulting from governmental strategy based on explicit preferences, rational decision making and consecutive and aligned implementation. The purpose of this paper is to explore the theoretical perspective of institutional work as an alternative approach to understanding policy change, and investigates the construction of resources needed to perform such work.Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a case study of the process wherein the idea of cultural and creative industries was introduced into Lithuanian cultural policy. The main data generating methods are document studies and qualitative interviews.Findings: The analysis demonstrates the ways in which the resources needed to perform institutional work are created through the enactment of practice, and through the application of resourcing techniques. Three such techniques are identified in the empirical material: the application of experiences from other fields of practice, the elicitation of external support, and the borrowing of legitimacy.Originality/value: The study offers an alternative approach to studies of policy change by demonstrating the value of institutional work in such change. Further, it contributes to the literature on institutional work by highlighting how instances of such work, drawing on a distributed agency, interlink and connect to each other in a process to produce policy change. Finally, it proposes three interrelated resourcing techniques underlying institutional work.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Egle Rindzeviciute

Jenny Svensson

Klara Tomson


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

It has been suggested that regionalism is defined “as an economic process whereby economic flows grow more rapidly among a given group of states [in the same region] than between these states and those located elsewhere”. In this paper we approach the economic underpinnings for the Baltic Sea Region by analysing the developments with regard to trade and investment in the quarter of a century that has passed since the fall of the communist regimes that divided the European continent At the same time we look into the political developments that brought the 2009 adoption of the European Union’s first macroregional strategy, the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. The strategy was a symbolic second milestone with regard to the political endeavours to reintegrate the continent; the first being the 2004 enlargement. Having transformed the Baltic Sea from a ‘Mare Dividum’ to a European ‘Mare Nostrum’ was indeed also a sign of the success of such integrative political processes.However, it may also be argued that the perceived need for a specific strategy in order to further and deepen the integration and reduce the economic gaps within the European Union gives an indication that there was more to be wished for with regard to this region. Further, more recent political developments in Europe as such as well as the constituent countries of this macroregion has cast some doubts on the future. In this paper we ask ourselves whether developments with regard to investments and trade are in congruence with the notion of the building of one integrated region; does it make economic sense to talk about a Baltic Sea Region or is the eastwest divide still present? For example, to what extent have the developments with regard to foreign direct investments proved sustainable? What sectors are leading the way and which are lagging? What divisions remain to be tackled? These are some of the questions that this paper attempts to address based upon a thorough analysis of the existing sources with regard to foreign direct investment and trade flows. In addition, in a concluding section, we open up an analysis on whether recent political development risk nullifying the progress made on the economic arena – or whether Brexit and connected developments are actually reinforcing the European macroregional agenda?

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Mikael LönnborgMikael Olsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Michael Rafferty

Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Substance Use & Misuse 2017, 52 (12): 1616-1623.

BACKGROUND: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior.OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses among incarcerated delinquent youths in Russia.METHODS: A total of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports.RESULTS: Compared to non-users (N = 266), inhalant users (N = 104) reported higher rates of PTSD, early onset conduct disorder, ADHD, alcohol abuse and dependence, as well as higher levels of antisocial behavior, impulsiveness and more psychopathic traits. Frequent inhalant users also reported the highest rates of co-occurring psychopathology.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that inhalant use in delinquents is frequent and may require additional clinical measures to address the issue of psychiatric comorbidity.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Linnea Zachrison

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Public Health 2017, 147 : 157-158.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

R. Reile

Andrew Stickley

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift 2017, 2 : -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mats Larsson

Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Abstracts 13th Annual International Conference on Tourism 29-31 May & 1 June 2017 Athens, Greece. : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Erik BorgFrank Michael Kirsch

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

International Political Science Review 2017, : -.

Based on data from a survey conducted in Saint Petersburg in 2013, this article sheds new light on attitudes towards fatherhood in contemporary Russia. We explore what norms are held concerning fatherhood, how these attitudes are related to age, sex, education and income as well as to ideal?typical models established in previous research on fatherhood from Western Europe and the US. Thus, the article also discusses what explanatory value established theoretical models have for the Russian context. Norms of the role of the father in the family are related to general norms of masculinity and, hence, are an important part of the study of politics and the political climate in a society. The results show that there are several fatherhood ideals present in contemporary Northwestern Russia: a traditional breadwinner model, an active fatherhood model as well as what we refer to as a marginalized fatherhood model. The latter has not been substantially identified in previous research, and may tentatively be identified as a legacy of the Soviet era.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Johnny Rodin

Joakim Ekman

Pelle Åberg


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 2017, : 1-9.

Aims.: To investigate whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) modify the impact of exposure to a natural disaster (the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami) on the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among older people. Methods.: Data were collected as part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), which is an on-going epidemiological survey investigating social determinants of health among older people across Japan. Information on PTSD symptoms based on the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health, traumatic exposure to the earthquake (i.e., house damage and loss of relatives/friends during the earthquake/tsunami) and ACEs was obtained from 580 participants aged 65 or older living in Iwanuma City, Miyagi Prefecture, which suffered severe damage as a result of the earthquake and the subsequent tsunami in March 2011. Associations were examined using Poisson regression analysis with a robust variance estimator after adjusting for covariates. Results.: The prevalence of PTSD was 9.7% in this population; compared to those with no traumatic experience, the prevalence of PTSD was approximately two times higher among those who experienced the loss of close friends/relatives (PR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.11–3.03, p = 0.018), or whose house was damaged (PR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.07–4.34, p = 0.032). ACE was not significantly associated with PTSD. Stratified analyses by the presence of ACE showed that damage due to the earthquake/tsunami was associated with PTSD only among those without ACEs; more specifically, among non-ACE respondents the PR of PTSD associated with house damage was 6.67 (95% CI = 1.66–26.80), while for the loss of a relative or a close friend it was 3.56 (95% CI = 1.18–10.75). In contrast, no statistically significant associations were observed among those with ACEs. Conclusion.: Following the Great East Japan earthquake/tsunami in 2011 a higher risk of developing PTSD symptoms was observed in 2013 especially among older individuals without ACEs. This suggests that ACEs might affect how individuals respond to subsequent traumatic events later in life.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Y. Inoue

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

The Lancet 2017, 389 (10082): 1885-1906.

Background The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-related targets can be assessed. Methods We synthesised 2818 data sources with spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression and produced estimates of daily smoking prevalence by sex, age group, and year for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. We analysed 38 risk-outcome pairs to generate estimates of smoking-attributable mortality and disease burden, as measured by disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). We then performed a cohort analysis of smoking prevalence by birth-year cohort to better understand temporal age patterns in smoking. We also did a decomposition analysis, in which we parsed out changes in all-cause smoking-attributable DALYs due to changes in population growth, population ageing, smoking prevalence, and risk-deleted DALY rates. Finally, we explored results by level of development using the Socio-demographic Index (SDI). Findings Worldwide, the age-standardised prevalence of daily smoking was 25.0% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 24.2-25.7) for men and 5.4% (5.1-5.7) for women, representing 28.4% (25.8-31.1) and 34.4% (29.4-38.6) reductions, respectively, since 1990. A greater percentage of countries and territories achieved significant annualised rates of decline in smoking prevalence from 1990 to 2005 than in between 2005 and 2015; however, only four countries had significant annualised increases in smoking prevalence between 2005 and 2015 (Congo [Brazzaville] and Azerbaijan for men and Kuwait and Timor-Leste for women). In 2015, 11.5% of global deaths (6.4 million [95% UI 5.7-7.0 million]) were attributable to smoking worldwide, of which 52.2% took place in four countries (China, India, the USA, and Russia). Smoking was ranked among the five leading risk factors by DALYs in 109 countries and territories in 2015, rising from 88 geographies in 1990. In terms of birth cohorts, male smoking prevalence followed similar age patterns across levels of SDI, whereas much more heterogeneity was found in age patterns for female smokers by level of development. While smoking prevalence and risk-deleted DALY rates mostly decreased by sex and SDI quintile, population growth, population ageing, or a combination of both, drove rises in overall smoking-attributable DALYs in low-SDI to middle-SDI geographies between 2005 and 2015. Interpretation The pace of progress in reducing smoking prevalence has been heterogeneous across geographies, development status, and sex, and as highlighted by more recent trends, maintaining past rates of decline should not be taken for granted, especially in women and in low-SDI to middle-SDI countries. Beyond the effect of the tobacco industry and societal mores, a crucial challenge facing tobacco control initiatives is that demographic forces are poised to heighten smoking's global toll, unless progress in preventing initiation and promoting cessation can be substantially accelerated. Greater success in tobacco control is possible but requires effective, comprehensive, and adequately implemented and enforced policies, which might in turn require global and national levels of political commitment beyond what has been achieved during the past 25 years.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Marissa B. Reitsma

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Cultural Journalisn in the Nordic Countries. Göteborg : Nordicom, 2017. 111-133.

This chapter compares how Nordic public service media institutions (Finland: YLE; Norway: NRK; Sweden: SVT/SR) de ne and interpret their remits regarding cultural news. Relying on policy documents, interviews with managing cultural news editors and a sample week’s broadcast and online cultural news output, the results show distinctive national di erences in the ways cultural news is conceived, the resources and organisation of the cultural news desks, and di erences in news content during the week studied. e countries are most similar in their broad popular culture o ering, and by that fact that all the companies provide broader cultural news coverage on their websites than in their broadcast versions. However, the distinctions between the online and o ine platforms are less clear than those between the three countries. So, despite the commonalities of the Nordic media model, the values and practices of cultural journalism show enough di erences to warrant further study. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Heikki Hellman

Andreas Widholm


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. : Oxford University Press, 2017. -.

Membership in the European Union (EU) entails adjustments or changes in national democracies. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, and EU membership has given rise to controversies in the public debate as well as in the academic community. Four main scholarly and related themes are addressed here.First is the discursive construction of the question of democracy in relation to European integration. In an effort to legitimize membership in the public debate, the consequences in terms of sovereignty were summarized in the official Swedish discourse on EU membership as a loss in formal sovereignty but an increase in real sovereignty. The conclusions became known as the calculus of sovereignty. This conceptual innovation entailed a reinterpretation of popular sovereignty, as stipulated by the Swedish constitution, as well as of democracy, implying that efficiency or problem-solving capacity was emphasized more than procedural democracy. Increased economic and political interdependence had created a situation where independent political decisions were seen as ineffective.Second is the controversy surrounding the question of influence and the extent to which Sweden is exerting influence in the EU. This issue came to the fore in connection with the euro referendum in 2003. While some argued that remaining outside the euro would come with a political price—marginalization—others emphasized the lack of evidence for such effects. To some extent, this remains a moot point, not least as a result of the expansion and importance of the euro zone.Third is the question of whether or not there is political opposition, that is, conflict rather than consensus in EU affairs. Recent research claims that (allegedly almost nonexistent) previous research had underestimated the degree of political opposition or conflict, notably in parliament. Moreover, results suggest that there is variation in EU opposition across time and policy areas. However, the key question here should be whether or not there is effective opposition, making a difference to policy outcomes. Several reforms have been initiated to strengthen the involvement of the parliament in EU policymaking, but none has really sought to challenge the balance between parliamentary scrutiny and executive discretion.Fourth is the state and different interpretations of either decentering or centering effects. Whereas some claim that fragmentation or decentralization is the central feature of the Europeanization of the Swedish state, other researchers submit that the predominant tendency is rather centralization, as the demands of EU decision making—not least EU summitry—on national policy coordination have been a principal driving factor in this process.These are the main themes in the debate over the EU and EU membership in Sweden. Included here are a series of analytical narratives and counternarratives, as well as a discussion of important implications for the national democracy and for the distribution or redistribution of power among domestic political actors therein. In sum, any interpretation of modern-day politics must now take into account the significance of the EU, operating through Europeanizing impacts.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl Magnus Johansson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Organizational Change Management 2017, 30 (3): 299-311.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze how political leaders can rhetorically use social media to construct their leadership, with a special focus on character – rhetorical ethos. Design/methodology/approach: The authors used a qualitative case study which consisted of two political leaders’ activities on Twitter. The leaders were chosen on the basis of similarity – both foreign ministers in Scandinavian countries and early adapters to ICT. All tweets, including photos, for selected period were analyzed qualitatively with the classical rhetorical concept of ethos. Findings: Social media is the virtual square for political leadership. The two political leaders studied use social media similarly for rhetorical means and aims, with ethos as rhetorical strategy. The rhetorical ethos they constructed differs radically though: busy diplomat vs a super-social Iron man. There is no single constructed ethos that political leaders aim for. Research limitations/implications: Even though this is just one qualitative case study, it shows a variety of rhetorical means and constructs of ethos in political leadership. Practical implications: The study shows a possibility for political leaders to construct their own image and character through social media, for a potentially large audience of voters, without being filtered by political parties or media. Originality/value: This study contributes to the evolving area of rhetoric in leadership/management and it adds to knowledge about how political leaders use social media.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

L. L. Falkman

Jenny Madestam

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

International Journal of Public Sector Management 2017, 30 (4): 310-327.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze how local and central authorities choose between lowest price and more complex scoring rules when they design supplier-selection mechanisms for public procurements. Five hypotheses are tested: a high level of cost uncertainty and highly non-verifiable quality makes the use of the lowest-price supplier-selection method less likely. Organizational habits and transaction-cost considerations influence the choice of mechanism. Strong quality concerns make complex rules more likely. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis departures from normative theory (rational choice) and is based on the regression analysis and survey data comprising a gross sample of 40 contracting authorities and detailed information about 651 procurements. Findings: More complex scoring rules are used more often when the authority is uncertain about costs and about delivered quality. Authority effects are also found to directly and indirectly influence the choice of supplier-selection method, suggesting that tendering design is partly driven by local habits and institutional inertia. Practical implications: The authors argue that, from a normative point of view, lowest price is an adequate method when the degree of uncertainty is low, for example, because the procured products are standardized and since quality can be verified. When there is significant cost uncertainty, it is better to use the so-called economically most advantageous tender (EMAT) method. (Preferably this should be done by assigning monetary values to different quality levels.) If there is significant uncertainty concerning delivered quality, the contracting authority should retain a degree of discretion, so as to be able to reward good-quality performance in observable but non-verifiable quality dimensions; options to extend the contract and subjective assessments of quality are two possibilities. The main findings are that EMAT and more complex scoring rules are used more often when the contracting authorities report that they experience substantial uncertainty concerning delivered quality and actual costs and that these factors tend to decrease the weight given to price, in line with the predictions. However, the authors also find that this result is mainly driven by variations between authorities, rather than by between-products variation for the same authority. This is from a training of professionals and regulation perspective of policy relevance. Social implications: Contract allocation based on habits rather than rational ground could implicate the waste of resources (tax payers money) as it adventures the matching of the preferences of the public sector (the objective, subject matter, of the procurement) and what the potential supplier offers in its tender. Originality/value: Although the principles for supplier selection are regulated by law they give the contracting authority substantial freedom in designing the scoring rule and in choosing what quality criteria to use. The tension between different objectives and the more general question whether the choices made by authorities reflect rational decision making or institutional inertia together motivate the current study. While the design of the supplier-selection mechanism is an important consideration in procurement practice, it has attracted relatively little attention from the academic community.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

S. Lundberg

Mats Bergman

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

International Journal of Communication 2017, 11 : 2178-2197.

This article analyzes privacy agreement texts and cookie consent information collected from 60 news sites in three countries (U.S., UK, and Sweden) within the context of paternalism. The goal of this study is to explore how paternalism is present in news media companies’ stated reasons for collecting behavioral data. Twenty-five categories of reasons were identified and divided into six categories: personalization and enhanced user experience, delivery and maintenance of services, internal and corporate use of data, legal reasons, communication with the user, and third-party use of data. The analysis shows that the reasons can be formulated in both paternalistic and nonpaternalistic ways, and that the market-driven logic of Web analytics seems to collide with ethics in a journalistic context.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ester Appelgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

YMER 2017, 136 (2016): 51-78.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Marcus BoxTommy Larsson Segerlind

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Medicina (Kaunas) 2017, 53 (2): 114-121.

Previous research has highlighted the role of self-rated health (SRH) as an important predictor of mortality. With substantial ethnic differences in SRH and mortality reported in Estonia, this study aims to examine the ethnic variation in SRH–mortality association in this setting. Materials and methods The baseline data come from nationally representative 1996 Estonian Health Interview Survey. Individual records of 3983 respondents in the 25–79 age group were linked with mortality data with 17 years follow-up time. The association between SRH and all-cause mortality was analysed using the Cox regression for two ethnic groups and separately for men and women. Results Among ethnic Estonians, both men and women with bad or very bad SRH had about 60% higher mortality compared to those with good or very good SRH even after adjustment for age, socioeconomic and health-related variables. In contrast, SRH did not predict mortality among non-Estonian men and women. A strong and universal inverse association with mortality was found for personal income. Education (among men) and occupation (among women) predicted mortality only among non-Estonians, whereas ever smoking was associated with mortality in Estonian men and women. Overweight women had lower mortality risk compared to women in normal weight category. Conclusions We found considerable ethnic variation in SRH–mortality association and in socioeconomic predictors of mortality. Further research, preferably focusing on cause-specific mortality and reporting heterogeneity of SRH could potentially shed further light on ethnic differences in SRH–mortality association in Estonia and more generally on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Eastern Europe.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Mall Leinsalu

Rainer Reile


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

European Educational Research Journal (online) 2017, 16 (4): 487-503.

The aim of this study is to explore the determinants of the educational expectations of young people in disadvantaged urban areas in three large cities in Sweden. In addition to the conventional predictors such as parental resources (economic and cultural capital) and demographic characteristics (such as age, gender, immigration background), this study examines the impact of the different types of social capital (both within-family and extra-familial), on the educational ambitions of these young people. The results indicate that the class background of the respondents, together with the demographic characteristics of young people, are important predictors of their educational ambition. Different forms of social capital also explain a significant part of the variance in students? educational expectations.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Alireza Behtoui

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 2017, 79 (6): 969-996.

We study the effect of the degree of exclusivity for the lowest bidder on the average price of generic pharmaceuticals in the short and long terms. Our results indicate that a 1-percentage-point gain in market share of the lowest bidder reduces average costs by 0.2% in the short term and 0.8% in the long term, but also reduces the number of firms by 1%. We find that reducing the number of firms has a strong positive (and hence counteracting) effect on average prices, a 1% reduction raising prices by approximately 1%.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

D. Granlund

Mats Bergman

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sociologisk forskning 2017, 54 (1-2): 91-110.

The ”stranger” among Swedish ”Homo Academicvs”This paper is about individuals with immigrant background among the Swedish academic elite, i.e. those who have a PhD and work at Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to understand how factors other than academic qualifications, such as gender and a migrant background, may impact on the individual's ability to get a job and pursue a successful career in Swedish higher education. The data used for this study is obtained from the Longitudinal Database of Education, Income and Occupation (LISA) administered by Statistics Sweden. When compared to the reference group (individuals born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), the results show that given the same work experience individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America are more likely to be unemployed. Among those who have a job, those with immigrant background have lower income (lower position) than the reference group.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Alireza Behtoui

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Computers in human behavior 2017, 74 : 277-285.

Politicians’ clear separation between their professional and private lives has been challenged by a growing need to be seen as personable, especially on social media where this is the norm. Little, however, is known about the effect on a political party when its politicians reveal aspects of their private lives on social media. The present study addresses this question. Through the lens of self-presentation theory, we are the first to test the effect of a balanced presentation strategy on Twitter (i.e., tweets that involve both professional and private aspects of their lives) as opposed to a strictly professional one. A longitudinal design was adopted with 265 Twitter users as participants. The results showed that a balanced strategy increased both interest in the politician’s party and intention to vote for that party, irrespective of a user’s political interest, social media usage intensity, or age, or the gender of either the user or the communicating politician. Furthermore, liking the tweets emerged as a crucial mediator. This study contributes valuable knowledge on self-presentation strategies of politicians specifically, and more broadly regarding self-presentation in the face of context collapse. However we call for future research to validate our experimental findings in a real-life setting. Implications are provided for political parties and others.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jonas Colliander

Jenny Madestam

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

BMC Urology 2017, 17 (1): -.

BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with worse health among older adults. Little is known however, about its relation with loneliness or the role of mental health in this association. This study examined these factors among older adults in Ireland.METHODS: Data were analyzed from 6903 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 50 collected in the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) in 2009-11. Information was obtained on the self-reported occurrence (yes/no) and severity (frequency/activity limitations) of UI in the past 12 months. Loneliness was measured using the UCLA Loneliness Scale short form. Information was also obtained on depression (CES-D), anxiety (HADS-A) and other sociodemographic variables. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between variables.RESULTS: In a model adjusted for all potential confounders except mental disorders, compared to no UI, any UI was associated with significantly higher odds for loneliness (odds ratio: 1.51). When depression was included in the analysis, the association was attenuated and became non-significant while the inclusion of anxiety had a much smaller effect. Similarly, although frequency of UI and activity limitations due to UI were both significantly associated with loneliness prior to adjustment for mental disorders, neither association remained significant after adjustment for both depression and anxiety.CONCLUSION: UI is associated with higher odds for loneliness among older community-dwelling adults but this association is largely explained by comorbid mental health problems, in particular, depression.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ziggi Ivan Santini

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region. London : Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. 201-220.

This chapter compares public attitudes to environmental protection in Estonia with those in neighbouring Baltic states. Data from the Estonian Environmental Survey (The Chair of Environmental Economics. Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, 2010) and ISSP Environment III are compared and analysed using an ordered logit. Support for environmental protection is measured in the form of willingness of individuals to make financial sacrifices through higher prices and higher taxes or accepting a cut in their standard of living, in order to protect the environment. Results show that the demand for the protection of the environment tends to increase with income. There are some differences between public attitudes in terms of willingness to accept cuts in the standard of living and willingness to pay higher taxes and prices. Higher education is another determinant of support for environmental protection, particularly in Estonia.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Sirje Pädam

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. 1-3.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

London : Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

YMER 2017, 136 (2016): 129-144.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Malin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

London : Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

This book is novel not only in its theoretical framework, which places racialisation in post-communist societies and their modernist political projects at the centre of processes of global racism, but also in being the first account to examine both these new national contexts and the interconnections between racisms in these four regions of the Baltic states, the Southern Caucasus, Central Asia and Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, and elsewhere. Assessments of the significance of the contemporary geopolitical contexts of armed conflict, economic transformation and political transition for racial discourse are central themes, and the book highlights the creative, innovative and persistent power of contemporary forms of racial governance which has central significance for understanding contemporary societies.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ian Law

Nikolay Zakharov

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

YMER 2017, 136 (2016): 79-108.

The chapter studies the development of the dairy sector from a gender perspective from the early 1900s to today. During the first part of the century agriculture was modernized and milk processing moved out from the farms and into the emerging food industry. During this process technological change was one of the main driving forces behind the outcrowding of women, who dominated the elaboration of dairy products, by men who became dominant in the emerging industry. During the outset of the 20th century, on-farm elaboration of dairy products became marginalized and decimated as a farm activity. But since the 1970’s farm elaboration of dairy products has made a comeback and has become and emblematic case for the emergence of the new rurality in Sweden. Results show that the prevalance of female examples has contributed to inspire women into starting new businesses within the trade, this is why the majority of the business owners within the trade are women. The main challenges for this trade are not related to gender issues, but are the result of the struggle between the productivist production system in which farm elaboration of food had no place and the post-modern one, in which farm elaboration and a variety of farm sizes (including small ones) are key elements. Farm dairy owners are therefore called ”jam makers” by representatives of the old structure. But despite the resistance, farm dairy owners are slowly creating new spaces for their businesses and creating a gradual change of current institutional arrangements.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Paulina Rytkönen

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Environmental Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

YMER 2017, 136 (2016): 7-32.

This chapter presents a review of some of the most important contributions in the field of gender and entrepreneurship in Sweden. The gender perspective is one of society's most important organizing principles, while entrepreneurship is seen as important for promoting growth, creating jobs, etc. The study of gender and entrepreneurship in combination is therefore important to understand the forces that shape our history, our present and our future. This field of research focuses on the study of the entrepreneur,  enterprise, entrepreneurship, business relevant organizations, industries, and business and how these are affected by gender issues and gender contracts. It involves formal and informal institutional arrangements that influence, highlights and explains differences in conditions for women and men in employment and in their roles as business owners, as well as the socio-economic consequences of the same. Gender orders put an imprint on both the public and private sectors, the division of labor inside and outside the home, in education, in the allocation of resources in society, etc. Gender issues are embedded in a variety of institutional and contextual circumstances and for instance also of a dimension and such class of ethnicity. Therefore intersectionality both a common and important approaches in gender studies in general and in the study of gender and entrepreneurship in particular. Today therefore research on female and male immigrant entrepreneurship and conditions of the same are becoming more frequent, but also how the deregulation of the public sector has funneled low-income people, mainly women in health care to low-profit businesses. The chapter also raises the recent criticism raised about how this research field has now matured and a need to move towards more critical and problem oriented research is needed. The critical voices argue that improving and increasing the contextualization of  research by problematizing the state's support to women in business, to analyze the restructuring of the public sector restructuring, which in practice promotes entrepreneurship and entrepreneurialism is a viable way to address current shortcomings in current research.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Paulina Rytkönen

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Environmental Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Stockholm : Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi (SSAG), 2017.

Research on gender and entrepreneurship, is a broad field of research developed in the intersection between theories about entrepreneurship and gender and feminist theory. Within this research field labor, family and the state are the key elements. The gender perspective is one of society's most important organizing principles and entrepreneurship is seen as important for promoting growth, creating jobs, etc. The study of gender and entrepreneurship in combination is therefore important to understand the forces that shape our history, our present and our future.This book is the result of a workshop organized by the Research Center Enter Forum, at Södertörn University in December 2015. The theme of the workshop was Policy, Entrepreneurship and Gender. Starting from a gender perspective, the papers presented analyzed how economic development and social processes has led to the emergence of new industries, and how technology and policy in cooperation may outcrowd women’s participation in certain industries. Additional topics are the impact of gender on firms ability to survive in the long term; How women entrepreneurs see women in business; How social entrepreneurship can be the catalyst for women's rights; And the the challenges and opportunities of female equine entrepreneurs in urban businesses encounter in their daily activities

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Paulina RytkönenMadeleine Bonow

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Environmental Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Environmental Research 2017, 155 : 134-140.

Prior research has indicated that pollen might be linked to suicide mortality although the few studies that have been undertaken to date have produced conflicting findings and been limited to Western settings. This study examined the association between the level of airborne pollen and suicide mortality in Tokyo, Japan in the period from 2001 to 2011. The daily number of suicide deaths was obtained from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, with pollen data being obtained from the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public Health. A time-stratified case-crossover study was performed to examine the association between different levels of pollen concentration and suicide mortality. During the study period there were 5185 male and 2332 female suicides in the pollen season (February to April). For men there was no association between airborne pollen and suicide mortality. For women, compared to when there was no airborne pollen, the same-day (lag 0) pollen level of 30 to <100 grains per cm2 was associated with an approximately 50% increase in the odds for suicide (e.g. 30 to <50 grains per cm2: odds ratio 1.574, 95% confidence interval 1.076–2.303, p=0.020). The estimates remained fairly stable after adjusting for air pollutants and after varying the cut-points that defined the pollen levels. Our results indicate that pollen is associated with female suicide mortality in Tokyo.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

C. F. Sheng Ng

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Örebro : , 2017. (Örebro Universitet, Centrum för urbana och regionala studiers skriftserie ; 71)

In 2005, the Nord Stream Consortium launched a pipeline project with the intention to bring Russian natural gas to Germany across the Baltic Sea. Although this raised crucial issues of Russia-EU-Sweden relations on security, energy and the environment the focus of this report is on the Gotland local government response to the Nord Stream approach, thus illustrating the need for a transversal human geography-political studies perspective. Situated in the heart of the Baltic Sea, and in line with the established Swedish governmental "remiss" procedure of commission and referral for consideration the Gotland authority was requested by the Swedish Government to make a statement about the pipeline. How-ever, before the government was even asked for permission the Nord Stream Consortium with Russian Gazprom as the major shareholder turned to the Gotland authority with an offer they after some conflict-ridden twists and turns, manifested in three policy lines as described in the report, decided not to refuse. A narrative inspired analytical ap-proach is applied to dissect the more or less contradictory standpoints and legitimating arguments posed by the actors in the political process preceding the local authority decision to accept the Nord Stream offer, i.e. the local scale actors were provoked to take a stand on a big issue raised by a huge multinational company. By in detail examining the local political repercussions of the energy project the case study contributes to a trans-disciplinary understanding of multi-scalar/multi-level govern-ance. In an epilogue the report also highlights the sudden turnaround of the local narrative in autumn 2016 when Gotland Regional Authority was on the brink of making a deal with Nord Stream II. The turnaround flashlights the geopolitical position of the island in the crossfire of inter-ests concerning the Baltic Sea Region.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Anna-Lisa Fransson

Karin Edberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Post-Soviet Affairs 2017, 33 (5): 389-410.

Demographic change has been a key consequence of transition, but few studies trace fertility trends across countries over time. We describe fertility trends immediately before and after the fall of state socialism across 19 Central and Eastern European and Central Asian countries. We found a few common patterns that may reflect economic and political developments. The countries that experienced the most successful transitions and integration into the EU experienced marked postponement of parenthood and a moderate decline in second and third births. Little economic change in the poorest transition countries was accompanied by less dramatic changes in childbearing behavior. In western post-Soviet contexts, and somewhat in Bulgaria and Romania, women became more likely to only have one child but parenthood was not substantially postponed. This unique demographic pattern seems to reflect an unwavering commitment to parenthood but economic conditions and opportunities that did not support having more than one child. In addition, we identify countries that would provide fruitful case studies because they do not fit general patterns.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Aija Duntava

Sunnee Billingsley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. (PESO Working Papers ; 2017:1)

Some twenty years after the fall of the communist dictatorships that divided the European continent the European Union in late 2009 adopted its first ever macroregional strategy – the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. The strategy was a symbolic second milestone with regard to the political endeavours to reintegrate the continent; the first being the 2004 enlargement. Having transformed the Baltic Sea from a Mare Dividum to a European Mare Nostrum is indeed also a sign of the success of such integrative political processes. However, at the same time the perceived need for a specific strategy in order to further and deepen the integration and reduce the economic gaps within the European Union gives an indication that there is more to be wished for with regard to this region.It has been suggested that regionalism is defined “as an economic process whereby economic flows grow more rapidly among a given group of states [in the same region] than between these states and those located elsewhere”. In this paper we thus approach the economic underpinnings for the Baltic Sea Region by analysing the developments with regard to investment and trade flows during the last twenty years.We ask ourselves whether these developments are in congruence with the notion of the building of one integrated region and whether it makes economic sense to talk about a Baltic Sea Region? For example, to what extent have the developments with regard to foreign direct investments proved sustainable? What sectors are leading the way and which are lagging? What divisions remain to be tackled? These are some of the questions that this paper attempts to address based upon a thorough analysis of the existing sources with regard to trade and investment flows.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Mikael LönnborgMikael Olsson

Richard Nakamura


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Autism Research 2017, 10 (5): 852-865.

The recent development and use of autism measures for the general population has led to a growing body of evidence which suggests that autistic traits are distributed along a continuum. However, as most existing autism measures were designed for use in children older than age 4, to date, little is known about the autistic continuum in children younger than age 4. As autistic symptoms are evident in the first few years, to address this research gap, the current study tested the preschool version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-P) in children aged 2 to 4½ years in clinical (N = 74, average age 40 months, 26-51 months) and community settings (N = 357, average age 39 months, 25-50 months) in Japan. Using information obtained from different raters (mothers, other caregivers, and teachers) it was found that the scale demonstrated a good degree of internal consistency, inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability, and a satisfactory degree of convergent validity for the clinical sample when compared with scores from diagnostic "gold standard" autism measures. Receiver operating characteristic analyses and the group comparisons also showed that the SRS-P total score discriminated well between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those without ASD. Importantly, this scale could identify autistic symptoms or traits distributed continually across the child population at this age irrespective of the presence of an ASD diagnosis. These findings suggest that the SRS-P might be a sensitive instrument for case identification including subthreshold ASD, as well as a potentially useful research tool for exploring ASD endophenotypes. Autism Res 2016.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Yoshiyuki Tachibana

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

International Journal of Cancer 2017, 141 (1): 33-44.

This study aims to investigate the association between educational level and breast cancer mortality in Europe in the 2000s. Unlike most other causes of death, breast cancer mortality tends to be positively related to education, with higher educated women showing higher mortality rates. Research has however shown that the association is changing from being positive over non-existent to negative in some countries. To investigate these patterns, data from national mortality registers and censuses were collected and harmonized for 18 European populations. The study population included all women aged 30-74. Age-standardized mortality rates, mortality rate ratios, and slope and relative indexes of inequality were computed by education. The population was stratified according to age (women aged 30-49 and women aged 50-74). The relation between educational level and breast cancer mortality was predominantly negative in women aged 30-49, mortality rates being lower among highly educated women and higher among low educated women, although few outcomes were statistically significant. Among women aged 50-74, the association was mostly positive and statistically significant in some populations. A comparison with earlier research in the 1990s revealed a changing pattern of breast cancer mortality. Positive educational differences that used to be significant in the 1990s were no longer significant in the 2000s, indicating that inequalities have decreased or disappeared. This evolution is in line with the "fundamental causes" theory which stipulates that whenever medical insights and treatment become available to combat a disease, a negative association with socio-economic position will arise, independently of the underlying risk factors.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

S Gadeyne

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

BMC Public Health 2017, 17 (1): -.

BACKGROUND: Russian suicide mortality rates changed rapidly over the second half of the twentieth century. This study attempts to differentiate between underlying period and cohort effects in relation to the changes in suicide mortality in Russia between 1956 and 2005.METHODS: Sex- and age-specific suicide mortality data were analyzed using an age-period-cohort (APC) approach. Descriptive analyses and APC modeling with log-linear Poisson regression were performed.RESULTS: Strong period effects were observed for the years during and after Gorbachev's political reforms (including the anti-alcohol campaign) and for those following the break-up of the Soviet Union. After mutual adjustment, the cohort- and period-specific relative risk estimates for suicide revealed differing underlying processes. While the estimated period effects had an overall positive trend, cohort-specific developments indicated a positive trend for the male cohorts born between 1891 and 1931 and for the female cohorts born between 1891 and 1911, but a negative trend for subsequent cohorts.CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the specific life experiences of cohorts may be important for variations in suicide mortality across time, in addition to more immediate effects of changes in the social environment.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Aleksei Baburin

Andrew Stickley

Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen

Pär Sparén

Tanya Jukkala

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Filip Wijkström

Abbas Emami

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet. Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017. 345-377.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Noomi Weinryb

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet. Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017. 219-247.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Adrienne Sörbom

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet. Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017. 1-32.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Marta Reuter

Abbas Emami

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet. Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017. 101-147.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Abbas Emami

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet. Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017. 63-100.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Eva Karlberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

PLoS ONE 2017, 12 (2): -.

The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) programme was an ambitious attempt to encourage a globalised solution to important but often-overlooked development problems. The programme led to wide-ranging development but it has also been criticised for unrealistic and arbitrary targets. In this paper, we show how country-specific development targets can be set using stochastic, dynamical system models built from historical data. In particular, we show that the MDG target of two-thirds reduction of child mortality from 1990 levels was infeasible for most countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. At the same time, the MDG targets were not ambitious enough for fast-developing countries such as Brazil and China. We suggest that model-based setting of country-specific targets is essential for the success of global development programmes such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This approach should provide clear, quantifiable targets for policymakers.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Shyam Ranganathan

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

London & New York : Routledge, 2017.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Gregory Goldenzwaig

Patrik ÅkerSofia JohanssonAnn Werner

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
Gender StudiesJournalismMedia and Communication Studies

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet. Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017. 151-183.

EU är en allt viktigare del av det transnationella rum som både påverkar civilsamhällets villkor och erbjuder dess organisationer nya möjligheter till inflytande, samverkan och finansiering. Allt fler frågor hanteras på europeiska arenor med konsekvenser även för organisationslivet. Kapitlet bygger på analysen av en enkätundersökning som besvarats av organisationer i det svenska civilsamhället. Fokus ligger på den europeiska nivåns betydelse, på relationen mellan dessa organisationer och EU, och en intressant bild framträder. Ett fåtal organisationer nyttjar de ”vägar till EU” som internationell forskning har identifierat, medan de flesta uppvisar ett märkbart ointresse för EU som plattform för samarbeten och politisk påverkan.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Roberto Scaramuzzino

Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet. Stockholm : European Civil Society Press, 2017. 35-61.

Prideparader hålls i dag på mer än 900 platser världen över varje år. Pride är – precis som arbetarrörelsens förstamajtåg – ett exempel på transnationell spridning av en manifestation för att påverka politik och samhälle. Initialt till minne av ett upplopp i New York i slutet av 1960-talet har denna parad blivit en årligen återkommande händelse på den globala HBTQ-kartan. Manifestationen används i dag inte bara för att påverka politik utan också för att stärka den egna gruppens sammanhållning. I kapitlet beskrivs paradens resa till Sverige. Trots en allt starkare och mer standardiserad transnationell praktik har den svenska scenen även fortsatt haft tydliga lokala inslag.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

This study is about seven women’s organizations in Belgrade, Serbia and their relations to domestic and international donors during the period 2003-2006. My main research questions focus on their choices of either domestic or international cooperation partners. How and why did the women organize themselves? What factors were essential when selecting donors? In what ways were the organizations influenced by donors?Through interviews, with organization representatives’ concepts such as gift and reciprocity, power and dependency, trust and mistrust and collective identity emerged.  These concepts were used as points of departure for developing deeper understanding of women organizations’ choice of cooperation partners.The women organizations’ basically had two alternatives for cooperation: cooperation with foreign donors which offered funds, organizational development and social networks. Alternately, cooperation with local donors, which offered the equivalent except for the organizational development. Cooperation with the foreign donor has resulted in more professional attitudes to the work that have been desired by other international donors. A result is that they can compete with other women’s organizations’ for international funding. Cooperation with local donors has led to fewer resources but more independent working practices. For these women organizations’ independence was important so they choose partners who, they felt more respected this allowing them to write articles or discuss gender in the media with little external influence. Regardless of the chosen donor the reciprocity is embedded in the relation between the donor and the receiver of aid, which in various ways is beneficial for both parties. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ali Hajighasemi

Sanja Obrenovic

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 10)

Under 2016 har regeringen lanserat en tillitsreform och i denna rapport diskuteras ett empiriskt exempel på tillitsbaserad styrning i statsförvaltningen – rollerna i relationen mellan politiker och tjänstemän i Regeringskansliet. Denna relation har i en omfattande empirisk studie visat sig bygga på ett förtroende som byggs upp i interaktionen mellan politiker och tjänstemän. Förtroendet baseras på att de agerar i enlighet med de förväntningar de har på varandra. Rapporten är således ett bidrag till diskussionen om vad en tillitsbaserad styrning kan sägas innebära. Men den är även ett bidrag till diskussionen om styrningen och organiseringen av statsförvaltningen i mer generell bemärkelse.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Cajsa Niemann


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Selfie Citizenship. : Springer, 2017. 65-74.

Mattias Ekman and Andreas Widholm provide fresh insights into an ongoing performative turn in political communication, arguing that the incorporation of selfies into the daily communication strategies of individual politicians entails a popularisation and celebration of political discourse. Against the background of Swedish politicians’ self-imagery on Instagram, they show that ‘performed connectivity’ has become increasingly central for political identity making online, paralleling the celebrity management of actors in the global entertainment industry. This development is problematised in terms of three performative styles that disclose strategic choices in which politicians act and interact across the increasingly blurring boundaries of the professional and the private and where symbolic connections between politicians and citizens are staged through new mediatised performances.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mattias Ekman

Andreas Widholm


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Energy policies which maintain and extend nuclear energy are often opposed by anti-nuclear movements. Ambitious plans for developing nuclear energy in Russia, constructing a first nuclear plant in Poland, and lifting the ban on nuclear energy while allowing the replacement of old reactors in Sweden are examples of such energy policies. In contrast to the massive anti-nuclear movements of 1970-1990s, recent anti-nuclear movements are not organized as national protest campaigns. This thesis examines repertoires of anti-nuclear movements in the alleged “Nuclear Renaissance” period.  Repertoires of anti-nuclear actions are analyzed from the perspective of discursive and political opportunities of anti-nuclear movements. Discursive opportunities are enabled or hindered in the ordering of nuclear energy discourses, making messages and actions of social movements legitimate or illegitimate. While discourses of anti-nuclear movements are complex, official discourses of nuclear energy featuring arguments about profitability, energy security and environmental security in connection to nuclear energy development, resonate more with broader socio-political developments. Ordering of discourses is established in such a way that expert rhetoric becomes a standard approach for discussing nuclear energy, while references to emotions and subjective matters are unacceptable.Political contexts of anti-nuclear movements provide opportunities for environmental NGOs, one kind of actor in anti-nuclear movements, to pursue nonconfrontational strategies and engage in institutional channels, where they can contribute their expert knowledge. Concurrently, another actor in anti-nuclear movements, local anti-nuclear groups, on the one hand, share argumentative structures with environmental NGOs, and, on the other hand, attempt to mobilize local population and organize local protests. Due to limited opportunities for attention from the national media and focus on local issues, local protests are not featured in the national media, which is crucial for national protest actions.The differences in repertoires between these two kinds of actors and absence of actors opting for mass engagement provide insight into repertoires of anti-nuclear movements as a whole. This thesis demonstrates how discursive opportunities of social movements, which result from competing discourses of movements and their counter-agents, and political opportunities structure repertoires of actions of these movements.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mai-Brith Schartau

Ekaterina Tarasova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Business History 2017, 56 (5): 710-743.

This article analyses long-term business entry in the Swedish brewing industry, presenting new data on its organisational historiography. Since 1830, the rate of entry has varied considerably; entries increased progressively from the 1850s, and fell at a decreasing rate from the early twentieth century. An increasing tendency to enter the trade can be observed from the mid-1980s – in particular, there has been a considerable resurgence since the turn of the millennium. The article elaborates on explanations that are both exogenous and endogenous. Above all, the results provide support for the role of endogenous conditions. The results should be viewed as complementary to previous analyses of the (Swedish) brewing industry, which either have employed shorter analytical time-frames or have mainly focused on the role of exogenous conditions, such as changes in the institutional framework.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Marcus Box

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Творчество, профессия, индустрия [Creativity, profession, industry]. Moscow : Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University, MediaMir.

Понятие «информационная война» используется сегодня все чаще как в медийных, так и в академических дискурсах. Под информационной войной понимают конфликт, в котором информация становится одним из основных видов оружия (напр., Pantti 2016, Hoskins and O’Loughlin 2010), а т.н. информационный менеджмент – техники распространения дезинформации и попытки влияния на медиа – является одним из основных измерений конфликта (Tumber & Webster 2006). Украинский кризис – события, происходящие в стране с 2013 года: протесты в Киеве («Евромайдан»), смена правительства, присоединение Крыма к Российской Федерации, продолжающееся военное противостояние на востоке страны, - сегодня все чаще становится объектом международных исследований, рассматривающих происходящее как один из ярких примеров «войны нарративов» (Khaldarova and Pantti 2016). Трудности с верификацией информации, пристрастность информационных источников, вовлеченность в конфликт сторонних интересов поставили журналистов, освещающих события на Украине (как украинских, так и представителей других стран), перед вызовом (Pantti 2016).Проблема, которую отмечают при этом некоторые исследователи, - фиксация международного академического сообщества на российских медиа как источнике информационного менеджмента или даже пропаганды (см. Pantti 2016). Лишь немногие исследования предлагают анализ информационного менеджмента внутри Украины (Bolin, Jordan & Ståhlberg 2016). Между тем, даже предварительный взгляд на это медиа-пространство выявляет его неоднородность. Украинское медиа-сообщество оказалось расколото: приверженцы глобальных и «вечных» журналистских идеалов не находят понимания у сторонников «патриотической журналистики». Первые обвиняют вторых в само-цензуре и следовании интересам институтов власти, а вторые первых – в сотрудничестве с «вражескими агентами».Данный исследовательский проект на различных примерах (запрет на определенные российские медиа-продукты; радикальная инициатива по поиску «пособников террористов» среди журналистов – «Миротворец» и др.) рассматривает проблему, с которой столкнулось украинское медиа-сообщество, как частный случай общей тенденции. Эта тенденция может быть обозначена как идеологизация СМИ, что с одной стороны, является результатом, а с другой стороны, благодатной почвой для информационной войны. Этой тенденции противостоят различные инициативы, направленные на сохранение приверженности журналистского сообщества профессиональным принципам и стандартам: например, проект ОБСЕ «Две страны – одна профессия», где Союз журналистов России и Национальный союз журналистов Украины обсуждают противодействие языку вражды, или критикуемое внутри страны сотрудничество между украинскими и зарубежными корреспондентами при освещении событий в зоне АТО на востоке Украины.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Research in Developmental Disabilities 2017, 62 : 115-123.

BACKGROUND: Research on the association between adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loneliness is scarce even though factors which have been previously linked to loneliness, such as divorce and poorer mental health may be more prevalent among adults with ADHD. This study investigated the relation between ADHD symptoms/symptom severity and loneliness in the general adult population.METHODS: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007 (N=7403, aged ≥16years) were analyzed. ADHD symptoms and common mental disorders (CMDs) were assessed with the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener and the Clinical Interview Schedule Revised, respectively. Loneliness was measured with a question from the Social Functioning Questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations.RESULTS: In the fully adjusted model, an ASRS score ≥14 was strongly associated with loneliness (OR=2.48 95%CI=1.83-3.36). ADHD symptom severity was related to loneliness in a dose-response fashion. Over one-third of the association between ADHD symptoms and loneliness was explained by CMDs.CONCLUSIONS: Adults with more ADHD symptoms are at an increased risk of feeling lonely. Future research should determine how ADHD symptoms are linked to loneliness and if loneliness is affecting well-being.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ai Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journalism Studies 2017, 18 (4): 511-524.

Journalism education in Sweden emerged in the late 1950s after more than 50 years of discussions. This historical process is analyzed in this article as an interplay of forces, where different interest groups tried to shape how journalists were to be educated once the existing apprenticeship system was replaced by journalism schools. Using the work of sociologists Pierre Bourdieu and Margaret Archer, this study closely follows the struggle inside the journalistic field, and between the journalistic field and the academic field and other interest groups, about how journalists were to be trained and by whom. This study reveals how conflicts over journalism education tended to migrate; from who would run a journalism school in the postwar years to the governmental investigations of the 1960s and the prevailing internal conflict between theory and practice at the two national Journalist Institutes in the 1970s. This article discusses what is commonly understood to be the professionalization of journalism. However, from another perspective, it can also be viewed as a trade losing control over its education.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Elin Gardeström

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

Public Health 2017, 145 : 59-66.

Objectives: To analyze the variation in factors associated with mortality risk at different levels of self-rated health (SRH).Study design: Retrospective cohort study.Methods: Cox regression analysis was used to examine the association between mortality and demographic, socioeconomic and health-related predictors for respondents with good, average, and poor SRH in a longitudinal data set from Estonia with up to 18 years of follow-up time.Results: In respondents with good SRH, male sex, older age, lower income, manual occupation, ever smoking, and heavy alcohol consumption predicted higher mortality. These covariates, together with marital status, illness-related limitations, and underweight predicted mortality in respondents with average SRH. For poor SRH, only being never married and having illness-related limitations predicted mortality risk in addition to older age and male sex.Conclusions: The predictors of all-cause mortality are not universal but depend on the level of SRH. The higher mortality of respondents with poor SRH could to a large extent be attributed to health problems, whereas in the case of average or good SRH, factors other than the presence of illness explained outcome mortality.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Andrew Stickley

Mall Leinsalu

Rainer Reile


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2017. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 9)

För personer med funktionsnedsättningar är chanserna att få och behålla en anställning betydligt sämre än för befolkningen i allmänhet.Under 2015 initierade Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting ett nätverk av kommuner som tillsammans har arbetat för att utveckla och organisera lokala projekt i syfte att förbättra förutsättningarna på arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättningar. Samtidigt har satsningen syftat till att förbättra möjligheterna till framtida kompetensförsörjning inom välfärdens organisationer, ett rekryteringsbehov som kommit att bli en allt viktigare fråga på senare år. I denna rapport har utvecklingsarbetet följts i fyra kommuner som deltagit i nätverket.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Daniel Castillo

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Shaping Social Enterprise. Bingley : Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2017. -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Malin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Medizintourismus. Paderborn : IFB Verlag Deutsche Sprache, 2017. 251-287.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Erik BorgKjell Ljungbo

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Medizintourismus. Paderborn : IFB Verlag Deutsche Sprache, 2017. 213-250.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Erik BorgKjell Ljungbo

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Labor history 2017, 58 (1): 67-90.

This paper discusses how recruitment practices have changed over time. Networks and contacts are more important today for labor market entry than was the case in the latter half of the twentieth century. There may be two explanations for this: the short-run explanation and the long-run explanation. The short-run explanation derives from fluctuations in unemployment. When unemployment is high, competition for every vacancy is tougher and networks become more important for the job seeker. This has been the case in Sweden since 1991, when unemployment increased to new levels not experienced since the 1930s. In the long run, there has been a change in recruitment practices due to institutional change. A clear pattern is that the importance of social networks has increased, while the significance of public institutions (i.e. the Public Employment Service) has decreased.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

P. Håkansson

Caroline Tovatt


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Revue Droit et Societe 2017, : -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: La responsabilité de la puissance publique en droit comparé. Paris : Société de Législation comparée, 2017. 117-146.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Medizintourismus. Paderborn : IFB Verlag Deutsche Sprache, 2017. 132-212.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl Gratzer

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Child Psychiatry and Human Development 2017, 48 (5): 691-698.

This study evaluated the role of psychiatric morbidity in relation to a history of suicidal behavior, with a particular focus on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Suicidality and psychiatric diagnoses were assessed in 370 incarcerated male juvenile delinquents from Northern Russia using the semi-structured K-SADS-PL psychiatric interview. A lifetime history of suicidal ideation only (24.7 %) and suicidal ideation with suicide attempts (15.7 %) was common. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the role of ADHD and other psychiatric disorders in suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. A history of suicidal ideation and of suicide attempts were associated with higher rates of psychiatric morbidity and with the number of comorbid psychiatric disorders. An ADHD diagnosis was associated with an increased risk for both suicidal ideation and for suicide attempts. The comorbidity of ADHD with drug dependence further increased the risk for suicidal ideation, while ADHD and alcohol dependence comorbidity increased the risk for suicide attempts. Our findings highlight the importance of adequately detecting and treating psychiatric disorders in vulnerable youths, especially when they are comorbid with ADHD.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

V. Ruchkin

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Autism Research 2017, 10 (4): 673-679.

Auditory hyper-reactivity is a common sensory-perceptual abnormality that interrupts behavioral adaptations in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Recently, prolonged acoustic startle response (ASR) latency and hyper-reactivity to weak acoustic stimuli were reported in children with ASD. Indexes of ASR and its modulation are known to be stable biological markers for translational research in the adult population. However, little is known about the stability of these indexes in children. Thus, the objective of our study was to investigate the stability of neurophysiological ASR indexes in children with ASD and typical development (TD). Participants included 12 children with ASD and 24 with TD. Mean startle magnitudes to acoustic stimuli presented at 65-105 dB in increments of 10 dB were analyzed. Average peak startle latency (PSL), ASR modulation of habituation, and prepulse inhibition were also analyzed. These startle measures were examined after a follow-up period of 15.7±5.1 months from baseline. At both baseline and in the follow-up period, children with ASD had significantly greater startle magnitudes to weak stimuli of 65-85 dB and more prolonged PSL compared with controls. Intraclass correlation coefficients for these ASR measures between both periods were 0.499-0.705. None of the ASR measures differed significantly between the two periods. Our results suggest that prolonged PSL and greater startle magnitudes to weak stimuli in children with ASD might serve as moderately stable neurophysiological indexes of ASD.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

H. Takahashi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Acta Politica 2017, 52 (3): 286-305.

This article examines the role of Europarties in the European Union (EU) institutional and constitutional or treaty reform, in decisions and negotiations leading to the adoption of treaties in the 1980s and 1990s. The existing literature on such reform in the EU largely overlooks the role of Europarties in the making of new treaties. Research on EU treaty reform usually operates within a state-centric ontology and framework for analysis. Challenging previous analyses and moving beyond state-centrism and intergovernmentalism, strictly inter-state bargaining, this article offers a complementary transnationalist account of what is happening in the drama of grand bargains or history-making treaty negotiations in the EU. There is a transnational dimension to such treaty reform; there is Europarty mobilization and influence. In conclusion, Europarties matter when they are in numerical ascendance, relatively cohesive and able to mobilize their networks of political parties and leaders.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl Magnus Johansson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 2017, 24 (6): 457-470.

In 2015, the UN adopted a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to eradicate poverty, establish socioeconomic inclusion and protect the environment. Critical voices such as the International Council for Science (ICSU), however, have expressed concerns about the potential incompatibility of the SDGs, specifically the incompatibility of socio-economic development and environmental sustainability. In this paper, we test, quantify and model the alleged inconsistency of SDGs. Our analyses show which SDGs are consistent and which are conflicting. We measure the extent of inconsistency and conclude that the SDG agenda will fail as a whole if we continue with business as usual. We further explore the nature of the inconsistencies using dynamical systems models, which reveal that the focus on economic growth and consumption as a means for development underlies the inconsistency. Our models also show that there are factors which can contribute to development (health programmes, government investment) on the one hand and ecological sustainability (renewable energy) on the other, without triggering the conflict between incompatible SDGs. © 2016 The Author(s).

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

V. Spaiser

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Professions and Organization 2017, 4 (1): 55-69.

This article focuses on “partisan policy professionals” (PPPs), i.e. people who are employed to affectpolitics and policy, and analyzes their particular motivations and skills. This article focuses on the occupationalpractices of PPPs: what are their main motivations and driving forces, and what are thekey skills they deploy in their work? The main motivation for PPPs is a desire to wield power and influencethe course of affairs, while their working-life satisfaction comes from getting their messageinto the media without becoming personally exposed. The key resource of PPPs is contextdependentpolitically useful knowledge, in three main forms: “Problem formulation” involves highlightingand framing social problems and their possible solutions. “Process expertise” consists of understandingthe “where, how, and why” of the political and policy-making processes. “Informationaccess” is the skill to be very fast in finding reliable and relevant information. These motivations andskills underpin a particular professionalism based in an “entrepreneurial ethos”, which differs fromboth the ethos of elected politicians, and that of civil servants, and which has some potentially problematicimplications for democratic governance.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Stefan Svallfors

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

European Journal of Public Health 2017, 27 (2): 203-210.

BACKGROUND: Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide with a higher risk of dying among people with a lower socioeconomic status. We investigated the potential for reducing educational differences in IHD mortality in 21 European populations based on two counterfactual scenarios-the upward levelling scenario and the more realistic best practice country scenario.METHODS: We used a method based on the population attributable fraction to estimate the impact of a modified educational distribution of smoking, overweight/obesity, and physical inactivity on educational inequalities in IHD mortality among people aged 30-79. Risk factor prevalence was collected around the year 2000 and mortality data covered the early 2000s.RESULTS: The potential reduction of educational inequalities in IHD mortality differed by country, sex, risk factor and scenario. Smoking was the most important risk factor among men in Nordic and eastern European populations, whereas overweight and obesity was the most important risk factor among women in the South of Europe. The effect of physical inactivity on the reduction of inequalities in IHD mortality was smaller compared with smoking and overweight/obesity. Although the reduction in inequalities in IHD mortality may seem modest, substantial reduction in IHD mortality among the least educated can be achieved under the scenarios investigated.CONCLUSION: Population wide strategies to reduce the prevalence of risk factors such as smoking, and overweight/obesity targeted at the lower socioeconomic groups are likely to substantially contribute to the reduction of IHD mortality and inequalities in IHD mortality in Europe.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ivana Kulhánová

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

International Journal of Public Administration 2017, 40 (7): 548-558.

The article analyses the orientations of political employees in Sweden. It finds that their roles are diffuse: there is no agreement among political employees about whether they are politicians or not, and their mandate is fleeting and unclear. They hold the average politician’s intellectual abilities in low regard, and sometimes take on clearly paternalistic views toward elected representatives. They see little attraction in pursuing a career as elected politicians, because of intrusive media scrutiny and since they hold a view of elected politics as slow, boring, and shallow. The professional route to politics is seen as more fast and fun.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Stefan Svallfors

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

The World Economy 2017, 40 (4): 764-787.

For more than three decades, China has managed to combine rapid economic growth with a strictly regulated financial sector. The discrepancy between economic and financial development has raised the question of whether China might be an exception to the so-called finance-growth nexus. This study examines the relationship between finance and growth at the provincial level in China using a new set of measures of capital freedom and financial development. The results indicate that capital freedom and financial development are associated with both higher income and growth rates. In particular, we find that the marketisation of financial institutions and strengthening of legal and government institutions have a particularly strong impact on income and growth in low-income provinces.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

B. Söderlund

Patrik Tingvall

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Party Politics 2017, 23 (1): 55-65.

The question of how party leaders are selected has recently, and belatedly, come under systematic comparative scrutiny. If it is the location of intra-party power that interests us, however, it might be that some of the more observable indicators in such processes, such as the identity of the selectorate, are not actually the most revealing ones. Using a delegation perspective, we thus present a framework for analysing prior steps in leader selection and relate it to various ideal-typical constellations of intra-party power. The framework encompasses, first, what we call precursory delegation, with focus especially on an agent that, formally or informally, manages the selection process before it reaches the selectorate. Second, the framework takes account of the degree to which the process is managed rather than left open to free competition between leader candidates. We illustrate the framework primarily with instances of leader selection in two Swedish parties.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Niklas Bolin

Nicholas Aylott

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Journal of Technology Transfer 2017, 42 (5): 1143-1169.

This study investigates the effect of evaluating the most economically advantageous tender (MEAT) in public procurement rather than lowest price. According to the European Union (EU), evaluations based on MEAT, rather than lowest price, give an advantage to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in winning public procurement contracts because such firms are viewed as sources of innovation. Thus, MEAT as an evaluation criterion is recommended throughout the EU. Using procurement data from Sweden, I find no significant effect on SME participation in procurement calls for tender as a result of the use of MEAT in firm evaluations. However, large firms significantly increase their participation when MEAT is evaluated. Even more importantly, micro, small and medium-sized firms' probability of winning procurement contracts significantly decreases when MEAT rather than lowest price is used as an evaluative criterion. Thus, evaluation in terms of MEAT increases large firms' bids and success rates; hence, this policy is counterproductive. The reasons SMEs are disadvantaged as a result of evaluations based on MEAT are, however, not examined in this paper and require further research.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Johan Y. Stake


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Development Studies 2017, 53 (5): 684-699.

We examine how the impact on women empowerment varies with respect to the location and type of group linkage of the respondent. Using household survey data from five states in India, we correct for selection bias to estimate a structural equation model. Our results reveal that in the southern states of India empowerment of women takes place through economic factors. For the other states, we find a significant correlation between women empowerment and autonomy in women’s decision-making and network, communication and political participation respectively. We do not however find any differential causal impact of different delivery methods (linkage models).

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Fan Yang Wallentin

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Culture and Organization 2017, 23 (3): 197-219.

The aim of the article is to analyse and comprehend the interplay of institutional logics in the realisation of Stockholm's House of Culture, Kulturhuset, hereby beginning to answer the question of what role cultural logics play in cultural development projects. Based on an in-depth case study of the process leading up to the creation of Kulturhuset, the article explores the interplay of a politico-bureaucratic logic and a cultural–professional logic governing the evolution of the project. Following a Scandinavian tradition of interpretative studies of complex development projects, the making of Kulturhuset is framed as an extraordinary project involving a complicated development process. The process dynamics are explored and analysed through the lens of institutional complexity. The article's main contribution lies in its highlighting the interplay of – and nuancing the relation between – institutional logics. It also serves as a reminder of the power of bureaucratic ordering in urban development projects.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jenny Svensson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2017

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2016. 515-528.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Göran Sundström

Bengt Jacobsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2016. 347-361.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Göran Sundström

Bengt Jacobsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: ECER 2016 Leading Education. : .

Since the Bologna Declaration in 1999, independence is a concept that has gained much importance in higher education. Within the Bologna cooperation, an overall European framework has been developed with general learning outcomes and competences for different examination levels. In this framework, independence is a central concept to describe progression. Concerning independence, the independent project on the undergraduate level, also called bachelor essay or degree project, has a special role in ensuring and maintaining the relevant learning outcomes (e.g. Prop. 2004/05, Prosser & Webb 1994), partly due to its pre-dominance as a means of assessing student performance (cf. Lillis 1999, Scott 1999, Turner 1999), and is therefore of special relevance here.Consequently, independence has become increasingly important in higher education in Europe, in steering documents as well as assessment criteria. Due to different epistemologies in, as well as between, countries (e.g. Fox 1994, Cadman 1997), the different understandings of independence are both varying and complex and needs to be further examined. The complexities and variations also stem from a general problem of implicitness rather than explicitness in higher education (e.g. Lillis 1999, Scott 1999, Turner 1999), for instance regarding independence.Independence is however a concept which could be understood in different ways in different contexts. Since independence appears to be a central concept in many steering documents on different levels it is reasonable that the higher education practice is influenced by how independence, as a concept, is understood and used. Ambiguities in how independence is understood and used in practice can lead to uncertainty and may even be a barrier to student exchange and hamper international comparability in accordance with the intentions of the Bologna Declaration. The aim of this paper is therefore to explore how the concept of independence is used in steering documents in different countries, Sweden and Russia more specifically, and by that capture different perspectives and meanings of the concept of independence.In this study, a substudy of a three-year research project, we focus on steering documents since the national and local steering documents form the legal basis for the practice of producing independent projects. The steering documents consist of learning outcomes, assessment criteria, instructions and descriptions concerning the independent project. All national and local steering documents relating to the independent project are collected in a corpus, and then analyzed and compared.The framework for our study is based on a socio-cultural and dialogical perspective (Bachtin 1981; Vygotskij 2001, Lea & Stierer 2000; Lillis 1997; 2003, Linell 2011), which proposes that learning and understanding develop in context, and that the role of language is important when it comes to constructing epistemologies and academic knowledge.Bachtin, M. (1981). The dialogic imagination: four essays. Austin: Univ. of Texas P.Cadman, K. (1997). Thesis writing for international students: A question of identity?. English for Specific Purposes, 16(1), 3-14.Fox, H. (1994). Listening to the World: Cultural Issues in Academic Writing. National Council of Teachers of English: Urbana, IL.Lea, M. R., & Stierer, B. (2000). Student writing in higher education: New contexts. Open University Press/Society for Research into Higher Education.Lillis, T. (1997). New Voices in Academia? The Regulative Nature of Academic Writing Conventions. Language and Education, 11(3), 192-207.Lillis, T. (1999). Whose common sense. I C. Jones, J. Turner. & BV Street (Eds.), Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues, 127-47.Lillis, T. (2003). Student Writing as 'Academic Literacies': Drawing on Bakhtin to Move from Critique to Design. Language and Education, 17(3), 182–199. Lillis, T. (1999). Whose common sense. I C. Jones, J. Turner. & BV Street (Eds.), Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues, 127-47. Linell, P. (2011). Samtalskulturer: Kommunikativa verksamhetstyper i samhället. Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Linköpings universitet.Prosser, M., & Webb, C. (1994). Relating the process of undergraduate essay writing to the finished product. Studies in Higher Education, 19(2), 125-138.Regeringens proposition 2004/05:162 (2005). Ny värld – ny högskola. Prop. 2004/05:162.Scott, M. (1999). Agency and subjectivity in student writing. In: Jones, Carys, Turner, Joan & Street, (Eds.). Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues (Vol. 8). John Benjamins Publishing.Turner, J. (1999). Academic literacy and the discourse of transparency. Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 149-160.Vygotskij, L. S. (2001). Tänkande och språk. Göteborg: Daidalos.     

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Gregory Goldenzwaig

Jenny MagnussonJan-Olof Gullö

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
JournalismSwedish

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: NU2016 Högskolan i samhället - samhället i högskolan. Malmö : .

Syftet med denna konferenspresentation är att redovisa erfarenheter från ett pågående forskningsprojekt som undersöker hur begreppet självständighet förstås och användas på olika nivåer, i olika utbildningsprogram i högre utbildning. Undersökningen är fokuserad till två utbildningsprogram: journalist- och lärarutbildning, i två olika länder: Ryssland och Sverige. Sedan Bolognadeklarationen 1999 har begreppet självständighet fått stor betydelse inom den högre utbildningen. Detta inte minst när det gäller det självständiga arbete som alla studenter på kandidat- och masterutbildningar måste genomföra för att kunna ta ut in examen. Självständighet är dock ett begrepp som kan tolkas på olika sätt i olika sammanhang. Eftersom självständighet är ett centralt begrepp i många styrdokument på olika nivåer är det rimligt att utbildningens praxis, alltså hur undervisningen genomförs, påverkas av hur självständighet som begrepp förstås och används. Tveksamheter i hur självständighet kan förstås och används i praktiken kan leda till osäkerhet och kan till och med vara ett hinder för studentutbyte och även försvåra internationell jämförbarhet i enlighet med intentionerna i Bolognadeklarationen. I projekts studeras hur studenters självständighet kommer till uttryck när de genomför sina självständiga arbeten. Projektet genomförs i tre delstudier: för det första genom att studera lokala styrdokument, för det andra genom att undersöka interaktionen mellan lärare och studenter i samband med handledning och för det tredje genom att undersöka tillsynsmyndigheters och studenter åsikter och uppfattningar om självständighet. Den teoretiska ramen för studien är sociokulturell, där sammanhanget för att skriva ett självständigt arbete är av särskild betydelse. Projektet studerar både makroperspektiv genom analys av styrdokument, och mikroperspektiv genom analys av interaktionen vid faktisk handledning. Dessutom har projektet en jämförande ansats, med fokus på skillnader i ideologiska eller värdebaserade perspektiv mellan de två länderna. En uttalad målsättning är att projektet ska bidra till att fylla kunskapsluckor och utveckla teoretiska ramar om just studenters självständighet i samband med handledning av självständiga arbeten. En annan målsättning är att projektet också ska bidra till att ge verksamma lärare i högre utbildning en teoretisk grund och ett meta-språk för att diskutera och lyfta iakttagelser från sin egen praxis i samband med handledning av självständiga arbeten, vilket i sin tur bör leda till pedagogisk utveckling. Ytterligare en målsättning är att projektet ska bidra med ny kunskap till forskningsområdet högre utbildning och internationalisering. Projektet är beräknat att pågå fram till 2018. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Gregory Goldenzwaig

Jenny MagnussonJan-Olof Gullö

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
JournalismSwedish

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Politisk teori. Stockholm : Liber, 2016. 180-197.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karin Borevi

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Thomas Marmefelt

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

European journal of education and applied psychology 2016, 1 : 10-13.

Understanding a large spectrum of gender features will help bachelor students to get deeper analysis of nowadays global economy. The results of the research show even that there are some principal differences between students in educational process depending on their own gender background.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Maria Smolander

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Nordicom Information 2016, 38 (2): 89-93.

De sociala medierna har förändrat spelplanen för företag som använder berättelser för att stärka sitt varumärke. Numera är företagens berättelser inte längre monologiska, utan berättandet har blivit en gemensam aktivitet. Dagens strategiska berättelser skapas i hög grad i samspel mellan företag, konsumenter och traditionella medier. De digitala arenorna innebär dessutom ökade möjligheter att på ett enkelt sätt skapa interaktion kring berättelserna. Företagen har gått i bräschen, men på senare år har även offentliga organisationer börjat nosa på det digitala berättandet.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Hanna Sofia Rehnberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
Swedish

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: The Business of Gamification. New York : Routledge, 2016. 208-218.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

M. Svahn

Per Henrik Hedberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psicologia 2016, 32 : -10.

This study assessed the influence of Stereotypes about Parliamentarians and Behavioral Contagion on Political Participation, comparing two countries: Brazil and Sweden. Stereotypes were admitted to be useful to tell parliamentarians' groups apart and predict their behavior. Behavioral Contagion was investigated as a possible catalyst of political action. Online questionnaires were administered to 984 Brazilians (37.4% women) and 879 Swedes (46.5% women). Structural Equation Modeling assessed relationships among variables. Behavioral Contagion played a pivotal role on predicting political engagement. Stereotypes predicted participation where they challenged commonsense: Brazilians usually cannot tell the difference among politicians, then those Brazilians who could were more politically engaged; in Sweden, the factor "corruption" predicts non-institutional types of Participation.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Thiago Lopes Carneiro

Joakim Ekman

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Central European Journal of Communication 2016, 9 (2): 162-163.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Class, Sex and Revolutions. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2016. 155-183.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Aliaksei Lastouski

Nikolay Zakharov

Sven Hort


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: . : .

As populist radical right parties have become electorally successful throughout Europe, mainstream parties have been adopting more restrictive immigration policies in order to win back voters, in what has been labelled a "contagion of the right". Sweden, however, has been a deviant case both in a comparative European context and in relation to influential theories of party competition. Despite the electoral threat from a growing radical right party (the Sweden Democrats) during the last decade, no other party engaged in any significant policy co-optation prior to the 2014 elections. In this paper I consider multiple explanations for this deviance derived from empirical and theoretical literature and mapped onto an analytical framework distinguishing between the party goals policy, office, and votes. The empirical material consists of survey data, statements from party representatives, and parliamentary voting patterns. I find the goal-oriented explanations to be only partially satisfactory, and go on to explore the possibility that the deviance can be explained by the institutionalisation of the Swedish cordon sanitaire – the commitment by all other parties to politically isolate the Sweden Democrats. The path dependency of the cordon sanitaire, I argue, became a behavioural constraint that effectively hindered parties from legitimately engaging in the co-optation of SD policies, until it was removed by the external shock of the 2015 "refugee crisis".

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Anders Backlund

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Alliance magazine 2016, Online (11 October): -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Noomi Weinryb

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys 2016, 6 : 7-37.

Globala utmaningar som klimatförändringar, transnationella kapitalrörelser och politiskt gränsöverskridande samarbete har satt den nationella välfärdsstaten på prov under de senaste decennierna. Två större finansiella kriser har också de påverkat politikens utformning. Under samma tid har begreppen hållbar utveckling och ekologisk modernisering bidragit med ståndpunkten att tillväxt och miljömedvetenhet kan gå hand i hand. Utifrån den kontexten diskuterar Karin Edberg i sin artikel huruvida miljöpolitiken kan sägas vara en del av den nutida svenska välfärdsstaten. Till grund för sitt resonemang använder sig Edberg av de årliga regeringsförklaringar som ges av statsministern i samband med riksdagens öppnande. Detta innebär att artikelns resultat inte speglar politisk praktik utan snarare vilka frågor som anses vara i den politiska hetluften och hur de artikuleras. Edberg visar hur miljöfrågan pendlat mellan att utgöra en avideologiserad och normaliserad del av det politiska landskapet, och en politisk vattendelare. I dag är idén om hållbar utveckling kittet som binder samman miljöpolitiken med välfärdsstaten – åtminstone på en retorisk nivå – och som gör miljö till en konsensusfråga

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karin Edberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Гендер и СМИ [Gender and Media]. Moscow : Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2016. 197-222.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Liudmila Voronova

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Critical and Cultural Theory

Tekstualia 2016, 4 : 5-28.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Cecilia Aare

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Ukraina och informationskriget. Karlstad : Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016. 33-58.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jöran Hök

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Ukraina och informationskriget. Karlstad : Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016. 243-267.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar NygrenJöran Hök

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Ukraina och informationskriget. Karlstad : Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016. 223-240.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Ukraina och informationskriget. Karlstad : Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016. 161-189.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Ukraina och informationskriget. Karlstad : Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016. 17-30.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Becoming a Journalist. Göteborg : Nordicom, 2016. 25-37.

This article compares systems of journalism education in the Nordic countries, focusing on how education programmes for journalists first emerged. The theoretical perspectiveof the sociology of journalism education used by sociologist Margaret Archer, who viewsnational educational systems as always being shaped through a struggle between interest groups. The questions are when education programmes for journalists were founded, who initiated them and how the process of founding schools and programmes progressed. In addition to these questions, the article discusses the emergence of journalism educationin relation to the party press system and to the process of professionalisation. Theres pective developments of journalism education in the Nordic countries emerged in similar patterns. The apprentice system was, at first, combined with short courses arranged by press organisations, and then step-by-step replaced by journalism schools. In this process, the press organisations lost control over journalism education, even if theytried to maintain control through independent schools or through cooperation with universities. The mix of subjects in the journalist training curriculum has been discussedin all countries, centred on the balance between theoretical and vocational subjects.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Elin Gardeström

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Baltic Worlds 2016, IX (4): 12-22.

This article examines the policies on drug control and regulation in Russia. We demonstrate that, although agencies involved in drug con-trol and regulation are important for the reproduction of differentiated practices of drug use, they formulate a rather homogeneous image of a drug user as an unhealthy deviant and criminal, and an unequivocal threat to society. At the same time, in the process of policy realization, the most vulnerable groups of users become the main target of public intervention. As a result, stigmatization and violence against these groups becomes institutionalized and legitimized. Moreover, drug control and regulation resonate with a broader range of public policies and spill over into parts of society not associated with illicit drug use.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Alexandra Dmitieva

Zhanna Kravchenko

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Göteborg : Nordicom, 2016.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jan Fredrik Hovden

Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Karlstad : Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016.

Konflikten mellan Ryssland och Ukraina har beskrivits som ett ”informationskrig”. Annekteringen av Krim och kriget i östra Ukraina sommaren 2014 var högst påtagliga händelser, men beskrivningen av vad som egentligen hände skiljer sig beroende på vilken sida som stå bakom berättelsen. Är de ryska rebellerna ”terrorister” eller en ”folkmilis” som bara försvarar ryssar? Var det en rysk invasion eller bara humanitärt och frivilligt stöd till befolkningen i Donetsk och Luhansk? Vem sköt ned det malaysiska passagerarplanet MH17?I denna rapport analyserar medieforskare i fyra länder hur konflikten beskrivs i ledande medier. Forskarna kommer från både Ukraina och Ryssland, men också från två grannländer som berörs indirekt – Polen och Sverige. I resultatet av detta samarbete framträder mediebilder som till stor del sluter upp bakom de politiska/militära eliterna och lämnar dem som vill kunna se flera perspektiv i sticket. Konflikten pågår också i medierna med ett ständigt flöde av desinformation och propaganda.Författarna som har varit med och bidragit till denna boken är:Gunnar Nygren, professor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskolaJöran Hök, lektor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskolaAndreas Widholm, lektor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskolaIlja Kiria, professor i journalistik vid Higher School of Economics i MoskvaAnna Shpyntova, journalistikforskare vid Higher School of Economics i MoskvaDaria Taradai, PhD vid Kyiv-Mohyla akademin, School of journalism i KievDariya Orlova, PhD vid Kyiv-Mohyla akademin, School of journalism i KievMichal Glowacki, PhD vid University of WarzawRoza Smolak, doktorand vid University of Wroclaw

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar NygrenJöran Hök

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Becoming a journalist. Göteborg : Nordicom, 2016. 73-91.

What is the role of journalism education in the socialisation of future journalists into the profession? This question is discussed in a comparative analysis of two large surveys among journalism students and journalists in Sweden, Poland and Russia in 2011–2012. In the analysis, attitudes towards professional values and integrity are compared between students and professionals. The results show clear differences: Journalists show more professional detachment and less activist ideals than do students. Journalists are also more critical towards development in the quality of journalism and press freedom compared to students. One conclusion is that important parts of socialisation into the profession are still taking place in the newsrooms. There are also important differences between the three countries in terms of traits that are transferred to the students from journalistic cultures in the three countries. An example of this includes the borders of the profession in relation to PR and commercial pressure that are weaker in Poland and Russia compared to in Sweden. The ideals of watchdog journalism are weaker among both students and professionals in Russia compared with other countries.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Becoming a Journalist. Göteborg : Nordicom, 2016. 11-23.

There is a “Nordic model” of journalism education. This is partly due to great similarities in the Nordic countries and their history, which has led to similar political and media systems, systems of professional journalism and education. But it is also a result of the extensive dissemination of ideas across borders due to a tradition of close collaboration and close social ties among the Nordic journalism educators.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jan Fredrik Hovden

Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Kurage: Idétidskrift för det civila samhället 2016, 20 : 20-22.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Malin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Telos 2016, 177 : 3-15.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Richard Polt

Jon Wittrock

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Telos 2016, 177 : 107-126.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jon Wittrock

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, 2016.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jonas Lindblom

Kerstin Jacobsson


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Anthropology Today 2016, 32 (6): 18-21.

Markets are often portrayed as being organized by way of rationalized knowledge, objective reasoning, and the fluctuations of demand and supply. In parallel, and often mixed with this modality of knowledge, magical beliefs and practices are prevalent. Business leaders, management consultants, and financial advisors are often savvy in the art of creatively blending the ‘objective facts’ of markets with magical formulae, rites, and imaginaries of the future. This article looks at the World Economic Forum's yearly Davos meeting as a large-scale ritual that engages senior executives of global corporations, top-level politicians, and civil society leaders to contribute to the overall aim of ‘improving the world’. The Davos gathering has become a vital part of the business calendar, just as much for the intensity of its networking as for the declarations of action from the speakers’ podiums. The presentations and performances in Davos work as ‘technologies of enchantment’ in Gell's (1992) sense, instilling a sense of agency onto participants. The ritual also contributes towards securing the acquiescence of individuals and organizations in a transnational network of politico-economic intentionalities. By invoking global and regional challenges and risks, discussing possible scenarios and solutions, presenters invoke a sense of urgency and contribute to the articulation of global ‘problems’ and ‘solutions’. It is proposed that the magic of Davos resides to a large extent in the ritualized form of interaction and the technologies of enchantment through which it is set up. © RAI 2016

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

C. Garsten

Adrienne Sörbom

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Politisk teori. Stockholm : Liber, 2016. 310-326.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Peter Strandbrink

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Europe-Asia Studies 2016, 68 (8): 1455-1456.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Olena Podolian

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: A European Youth Revolt. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. 97-111.

This chapter examines the development and role of the anarchistmovement in Sweden during the 1980s. In relation to many otherparts of Northern Europe – which had seen an upsurge in radicalleft-libertarian activism, squatting and urban unrest at the turn ofthe 1980s – such social movements and confrontations remained amarginal phenomenon in Sweden, at least until the end of the decade.However, by the late 1980s a new generation of younger activists,often with roots in the anarchist milieu, formed the basis for a radicalsquatter and autonomist movement, which proved very similar to themovements that had developed throughout Europe almost a decadeearlier.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jan Jämte

Adrienne Sörbom

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Revue Internationale de droit des données et du numérique 2016, 2 : 37-50.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Patricia Jonason

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Public Law

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Lund : Studentlitteratur, 2016.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Jenny Svensson

Klara Tomson


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Stockholm : Wolters Kluwer, 2016.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christina Wainikka

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

Review of Business Research 2016, 16 (3): 73-82.

The effects of changes in banking structure on growth and its components have been the subject of a number of studies of a cross-country nature. However, empirical studies linking banking structure to the labor market have been scanty, and the theoretical contributions have been mostly at the individual firm level. In this paper, a sample of 35 developed and emerging market nations is used to investigate the impacts on the labor market, specifically on the unemployment rate, of changes in banking sector concentration. Recognizing that country-specific labor market institutional arrangements and profiles, such as the strength of unionism and employee protection legislation can interact with the financial variables to moderate or exacerbate the impact of structural changes in the banking industry, variables representing the extent of labor market rigidity or flexibility are also included in the analysis. Results indicate that more concentrated banking market structures could have an ameliorating effect on the unemployment rate, at least in very recent periods. Labor market institutional variables capturing difficulties in hiring and firing seems to have had an opposing impact to that of banking sector concentration in the case of industrialized nations, though the variable representing trade union density was found to be insignificant.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Bala Batavia

Cheick Wagué

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Nordicom Information 2016, 38 (2): 58-61.

Datajournalistik som grävande arbetsmetod resulterar ofta i att journalistiska vinklar visualiseras i form av mönster eller specifika samband med hjälp av digitala medieformer. Här möts två tidigare åtskilda kulturer då journalistiska arbetsmetoder kombineras med tekniska arbetsmetoder. För att skapa en berättelse får journalister förtroende att fatta beslut åt publiken, i publikens intresse, medan en ingenjör istället kan bli anklagad för att fatta paternalistiska beslut över huvudet på människor. Med utgångspunkt från aktuell nordisk datajournalistik diskuteras i denna artikel därför vad som händer när just dessa två kulturer möts, i termer av beslutsfattande åt publiken, i publikens intresse.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ester Appelgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

In: Mediestudiers årsbok. Stockholm : Institutet för mediestudier, 2016. 178-192.

I takt med att kanaler och distributionsformer konvergerar, skapas nya relationer på nyhetsmarknaden. Medierna tappar i allt högre grad sin unika specificitet, vilket gör att tidigare åtskilda medier, men också nya aktörer som Facebook och Google, kan konkurrera om annonsörerna genom nätets mer öppna strukturer. För pressen har den här utvecklingen varit dramatisk eftersom den skapat problem för de traditionella affärsmodellerna med mindre lönsamhet, redaktionella nedskärningar och en allt mer lättrörlig publik som resultat. Detta sker dessutom i en tid av ökade produktionskrav både vad gäller kvantitet och snabbhet. Mot den här bakgrunden så är den kanske mest centrala frågan just nu hur det journalistiska innehållet har påverkats, både inom public service där resurserna varit mer beständiga, och inom de kommersiella bolagen där framförallt den lokala journalistiken haft mer knappa resurser att arbeta med. I det här kapitlet studeras hur journalistikens innehåll och form förändrats mellan 2007 och 2014 med särskild betoning på just public service och kommersiella mediebolag, både på analoga och digitala plattformar.  

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Andreas Widholm


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Sociologisk forskning 2016, 53 (3): 317-321.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lena Sohl

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Class, Sex and Revolutions. Lund : Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2016. -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Sven Hort

Lisa KingsZhanna Kravchenko

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social WorkSociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Baltic Rim Economies (BRE) review 2016, 4 : 51-52.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Hanna Sofia Rehnberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Culture and EducationSchool of Social Sciences
Swedish

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

European Urban and Regional Studies 2016, 23 (4): 697-715.

This paper revisits the geographical legacy of socialism in the urban areas of the former Soviet Union. Building on research on housing and socio-spatial differentiation under and after socialism, this will be achieved by examining an important component in the spatial differentiation of the city, namely neighbourhood reputation. The analysis is based on survey data (n = 1515) from the city of Ust’-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan; a combination of descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression are deployed in order to shed light on the factors that are associated with the reputation of the neighbourhoods in which people reside. The results show that the Soviet system manufactured its own brand of socio-spatial distinction, which reflected the priority hierarchies built in the socialist planned economy. Education, age and, most importantly, area of employment appear to have been ‘rewarded’ with prestigiously located housing.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Michael Gentile


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica 2016, 17 (1): 53-69.

Radical social movements are more and more often the subject of academic inquiry, where their agenda, identity-building processes and repertoires of action are examined vis a vis the dominant discursive opportunity structures. The case study presented in this articleis the squatting movement in Poland. We interpret this movement, its actions and in particular alliance-building strategies, through the perspective of radical flanks of broader urban social movements environment.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Dominika PolanskaGrzegorz Piotrowski

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Baltic Worlds 2016, IX (1-2): 68-79.

This paper explores the scope, causes, flourishing, and decline of squatting in Lithuanian society during the period of 1990-2002. Drawing on 16 in-depth interviews conducted with squatters in Vilnius, newspaper articles and legal documents, this paper shows that squatters made contributions to the city with their cultural capital, creating local subcultures and making the urban space more attractive. Squatters promoted an alternative way of life, contributed to the preservation of the city and fostered counter-cultural activities. They offered spaces for performances, exhibits, and concerts. These activities are still present up to this day in the Užupis neighborhood that hosted the most long-lived squat, which in turn was transformed into Art Incubator.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jolanta Aidukaite


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Baltic Worlds 2016, IX (1-2): 46-56.

Two Polish cities, Warsaw and Poznań, are studied in the article to examine how external structures are handled and used by squatters in these two settings. The aim is to analyze opportunity structures that condition the emergence and development of squatting and how squatters respond to and utilize these opportunities. Our ambition is to understand why squatting has developed differently in the two cities by emphasizing the duration and cohesion of the squatting scene as pivotal for the different trajectories of squatting. It is argued in the article that the durability of the squatting environment abates tendencies to open the squatting scene to external coalitions and establish more institutionalized forms of political struggle.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Dominika PolanskaGrzegorz Piotrowski

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

CBEESSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2016. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 8)

Styrningen av transportpolitiken avspeglar generella trender i samhällsstyrningen. Precis som i andra delar av samhället, har idéer om konkurrens, marknader, management, renodling och samverkan väglett utvecklingen inom detta politikområde.Tre faser kan urskiljas i styrningens historia. Först den organisering som skedde i slutet av 1980-talet – framförallt uppdelningen av SJ – där förutsättningar för konkurrens skapades. Därefter en mellanperiod där det skapades interna marknader inom Banverket och Vägverket. I en tredje fas inrättades Trafikverket som en marknadsskapande myndighet.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Leonora Mujkic

Bengt Jacobsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sollentuna : Sollentuna kommun, 2016. ( ; )

Forskning visar att buller orsakar ohälsa för många medborgare både i Europa generellt, och i Sverige. De två viktigaste negativa hälsoeffekterna av buller är försämrad sömn och bullerstörning. Trafikbuller är den främsta orsaken till dessa effekter.I denna studie användes enkäter samt data från bullerkartor för att undersöka bullerstörning från trafik. Av de 1168 personerna i urvalet deltog 678 personer. Deltagarna svarade på 39 frågor rörande: buller, hälsa, rekreationsbeteende, luftkvalitéupplevelse samt demografi.Studiens första syfte var att undersöka bullerstörning från vägtrafik och spårtrafik, hos boende i Silverdal. Resultatet visade att de boende i Silverdal är mer störda av buller än genomsnittet i Sverige, men även jämfört med de beräknade störningsnivåerna från bullerkartorna. Faktorerna som starkast påverkade störning från vägtrafik var: upplevda vibrationer, den upplevda luftkvalitén hemma, utbildningsnivå, om sovrumsfönstret vette mot en lokalgata samt attityd till vägtrafik. Motsvarande faktorer för spårtrafik var: upplevda vibrationer, sovrumsfönster mot spår samt utbildningsnivå.Studiens andra syfte undersökte upplevelse av rekreationsmöjligheter och rekreationsbeteende. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av deltagarna upplever mycket bra möjligheter till rekreation. Områden, nära hemmet, med natur samt med lägre nivåer av bullernivåer, var mest besökta.Studiens tredje syfte var att undersöka hur boende i Silverdal upplevde luftkvalitén. Resultatet visar att utomhusluften är det som upplevs mest problematiskt, medan färre upplever inomhusluften som dålig.Studien visar att många boende i Silverdal är störda av buller, både jämfört med nationella undersökningar, men även i relation till den beräknade bullerstörningsnivån från bullerkartor. Rekreationsmiljön i området upplevs som relativt god och lufkvalitén upplevs som ett relativt mindre problem jämfört med bullret. Utomhusmiljön är den miljö som upplevs som är mest problematiskt för boende. Bulleråtgärder utomhus längs bullerkällornas sträckning rekommenderas, dels eftersom de efterfrågas av de boende, del för att de  minskar bullret både utomhus och inomhus.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Amra Imamovic

Jesper Alvarsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

PLoS ONE 2016, 11 (10): -.

Previous studies have found an association between neighborhood characteristics (i.e., aspects of the physical and social environment) and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and elevated CVD risk. This study investigated the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and CVD risk among older people in Japan where research on this association is scarce. Data came from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study project; questionnaire data collected from 3,810 people aged 65 years or older living in 20 primary school districts in Aichi prefecture, Japan, was linked to a computed composite CVD risk score based on biomarker data (i.e., hemoglobin A1c, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and estimated glomerular filtration rate). A sex-stratified multilevel linear regression analysis revealed that for male participants, living in neighborhoods with a higher perceived occurrence of traffic accidents and reduced personal safety was associated with an elevated CVD risk (coefficient = 1.08 per interquartile range increase, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.30 to 1.86) whereas males living in neighborhoods with a higher perceived proximity of exercise facilities had a lower risk (coefficient = −1.00, 95% CI = −1.78 to −0.21). For females, there was no statistically significant association between neighborhood characteristics and CVD risk. This study suggests that aspects of the neighborhood environment might be important for CVD morbidity and mortality in Japan, particularly among men.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Yosuke Inoue

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psychiatry Research 2016, 246 : 326-331.

Abstract Prior research has produced conflicting findings on the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pain, while studies among community-dwelling adults are lacking. This study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and pain in the general adult population, and the extent to which this association is influenced by comorbid common mental disorders (CMDs). Data came from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey which included a representative sample of the English adult population aged ≥16 years (N=7403). The Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener was used to obtain information on ADHD symptoms, while pain was assessed by the degree to which it interfered with work activity in the previous month. The Clinical Interview Schedule Revised (CIS-R) was used to evaluate six categories of CMDs. In a binary logistic regression analysis adjusted for socio-demographic factors and physical health conditions, an ADHD symptom score ≥14 was strongly associated with extreme pain (odds ratio [OR]: 3.15, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.09–4.74). The OR was attenuated greatly after further adjustment for CMDs (OR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.05–2.58) but remained statistically significant. Adults with ADHD symptoms have higher odds for experiencing pain. CMDs are influential in this association but do not fully explain it.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ai Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sydsvenskan 2016, 7 september : 17-.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sydsvenskan 2016, 14 september : A13-A13.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Historical Studies

Dagens Nyheter 2016, 10 augusti/del 2 (Kultur) : 8-8.

Deras dröm var att gifta sig med SS-män och föda Adolf Hitler många barn. Flera av dem var svenskor, med vilkas hjälp tyska SS-män senare fick en fristad i Sverige. Författaren Christoph Andersson gräver fram en outforskad historia ur arkiven.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Historical Studies

In: Proceedings of the International Sessions of the 52nd Japanese Business History Society of Japan (BHSJ), Chuo University, Japan, 8-9 October, 2016. : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

The Lancet 2016, 388 (10053): 1813-1850.

BackgroundIn September, 2015, the UN General Assembly established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs specify 17 universal goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators leading up to 2030. We provide an analysis of 33 health-related SDG indicators based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015).

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Stephen S Lim

Mall Leinsalu

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Arts and Business. : Routledge, 2016. 118-131.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ravi Dar

Pamela Schultz Nybacka

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Insolvensrättslig Tidskrift 2016, 1 : 20-36.

Ekonomer betraktar vanligtvis konkursutvecklingen som en konjunkturindikator och därmed beroende av förändringar på ekonomins efterfrågesida: konkurserna förväntas öka i tider av ekonomisk nedgång och minska under högkonjunkturer. Flertalet analyser är emellertid kortsiktiga. I denna uppsats presenterar vi ny och unik empiri där vi ana­lyserar det långsiktiga sambandet mellan konjunkturväxlingar och konkurser i Sverige mellan år 1830 och år 2010. I uppsatsen diskuteras också problem som kan uppstå i tolk­ningen av konkursstatistiken, både historiskt och i vår samtid. Den statistiska analysen visar att det delvis går att fastställa ett samband mellan makroekonomiska svängningar och förändringar i konkursmängden.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl GratzerMarcus BoxXiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationEconomics

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2016. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 7)

Skolinspektion förväntas enligt offentliga policydokument leda till en rad positiva effekter för både skolor och elever. Men om man skrapar på ytan – vilka är de bakomliggande idéerna, hur ser strukturerna ut och vad leder egentligen skolinspektion till?I denna rapport presenteras en studie av skolinspektion där företrädare för både Skolinspektionen, skolhuvudmän och skolor intervjuats.Studien visar bland annat attden vetenskapliga grund skolinspektion vilar på är i flera led tolkningar och sammanfattningar av delvis helt motstridiga forskningsresultat,skolinspektion tar tid, kraft och resurser från den löpande skolverksamheten,för att bli granskningsbar reduceras skolans komplexa verklighet till kortfattade presentationer och måldokument.Och inget av detta ger mätbara positiva effekter på verksamheten i klassrummet. Som möjlig väg framåt föreslås att skolinspektionens verksamhet vrids mer mot skolutveckling och främjande granskning.Anders Ivarsson Westerberg är docent i företagsekonomi och verksam vid Förvaltningsakademin, Södertörns högskola.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Anders Ivarsson Westerberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Historikere i oppdrag. Oslo : Novus Forlag, 2016. 117-140.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mats Larsson

Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Skolans möte med nyanlända. Stockholm : Liber, 2016. 92-110.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Hassan Sharif

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

In: Media and the Ukraine Crisis. New York : Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016. 107-122.

This chapter explores how the Russian global news broadcaster RT constructed the ongoing crisis in Ukraine during the summer of 2014 in light of theories of new public diplomacy and soft power. The summer of 2014 involved a number of dramatic events relating to the conflict, including the downing of the Malaysian MH17 passenger plane and a series of violent clashes between the Ukrainian army and pro-Russian separatists. During the same period, the US and EU sanctions against Russia were also intensified. This makes the period particularly interesting to examine, as it can give insights into how news from a Russian perspective is articulated during periods marked by political as well as military crises in which Russia plays a central role. Given that convergence and digitalisation have enabled new ways of producing, distributing and consuming news - as well as new ways of implementing politiical communication campaigns and public diplomacy - the analytical focus of this study is on RT’s online news service. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Andreas Widholm


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2016. 262-278.

This chapter concerns some methodological aspects of protest surveys and data analysis. We start by providing an overview of the demonstrations we surveyed, describe the protest survey sampling method and proceed to an analysis of non-response bias. Thereafter we discuss how we combine the data from different demonstrations into averages, and we also discuss some of the more technical aspects of coding.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Mattias Wahlström

Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2016. 187-216.

In this chapter I examine which socio-demographic groups take part in contemporary May Day demonstrations in Western Europe. In particular I focus on social class, but also on other relevant social categories such as gender, age and ethnicity and whether they vary between specific types of demonstrations and between the countries in our sample. Firstly, the chapter discusses the socio-demographic profiles of those taking part in such annual events. Are May Day participants more or less representative of the wider population? Do they differ from participants in other types of demonstrations? Secondly, I interrogate the composition and role of social class in May Day marches, both with regard to the individuals’ objective positions in the labour market and their subjective class identifications, and analyse the factors that shape May Day marchers’ class identity. Thirdly, I analyse which social and political characteristics most strongly influence individuals’ decisions to join a May Day parade. This chapter’s analysis is based on the survey data for individual demonstrators collected within the international research programme Caught in the Act of Protest: Contextualising Contestation (CCC). In this chapter I analyse the participants in fifteen May Day demonstrations in six Western European countries surveyed during the period 2010–2012 (cf. chapter 7). In order to determine whether participants in May Day demonstrations differ from participants in other types of street protests and marches, I also compare them with data from a sample of 23 additional demonstrations surveyed within the CCC project. In order to compare the social composition of the surveyed May Day demonstrations with the general population, I also use data from the European Social Survey and the Swedish SOM Institute’s national survey.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Magnus Wennerhag

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

International Journal of Health Economics and Management 2016, 16 (3): 201-214.

In 2009 and 2010, the Swedish pharmaceuticals market was reformed. One of the stated policy goals was to achieve low costs for pharmaceutical products dispensed in Sweden. We use price and sales data for off-patent brand-name and generic pharmaceuticals to estimate a log-linear regression model, allowing us to assess how the policy changes affected the cost per defined daily dose. The estimated effect is an 18 % cost reduction per defined daily dose at the retail level and a 34 % reduction in the prices at the wholesale level (pharmacies’ purchase prices). The empirical results suggest that the cost reductions were caused by the introduction of a price cap, an obligation to dispense the lowest-cost generic substitute available in the whole Swedish market, and the introduction of well-defined exchange groups. The reforms thus reduced the cost per defined daily dose for consumers while being advantageous also for the pharmacies, who saw their retail margins increase. However, pharmaceutical firms supplying off-patent pharmaceuticals experienced a clear reduction in the price received for their products.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

D. Granlund

Mats Bergman

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Citizenship Studies 2016, 20 (6-7): 914-931.

The present article concerns Estonian e-government, that is, the digitalization of government and public administration, and the way e-government produces a moral citizen. Although several case studies on e-government exist, they have seldom been sensitive to the local conditions shaping the functions and social meaning of digitalization. E-government involves producing knowledge, and the present article draws on a theoretical perspective that stresses the tight relationship between knowledge and power. In Estonia, the power–knowledge regime is characterized by centralization. Centralization is the condition for a firm national e-government policy, and within this policy, an image of the unique Estonian citizenry is produced. The Estonian moral citizen who emerges out of e-government is de-politicized and detached from a social context, on the one hand, and strongly politicized and attached to a specific ethno-national community, on the other.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Fredrika Björklund

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World. Huddinge : Södertörns Högskola.

Over the last decades a remarkable process of rural development based on the revival of local culinary heritage has been set in motion all over Sweden. In Västernorrland and Jämtland, two counties that share the same culinary heritage and history and at least in some parts, have common geographical features, the shift towards this culinary place based development has been quite different. Differences can partly be explained through institutional explanations. But as will be showed by this study, there are also important historical and other reasons behind different patterns. What was left of a once common culinary heritage has been decisive for the possibility of economic success. In this article the main emphasis is put on how the nature and character of culinary heritage influences the possibility of promoting rural development. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Paulina Rytkönen

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Meal Sciences

Research area for doctoral studies

Environmental Studies

In: Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World. Huddinge : Södertörns Högskola.

This article highlights the impact of the of the hydro-power plant Alto Maipo, on a localized agri-food system (LAFS) in Cajón del Maipo (Chile). Although extensive research was done before starting the construction of Alto Maipo, the possible impact on transhumance and thereby on the ancient LAFS in the area that carries important elements of the cultural heritage and national identity has until now been neglected. Results show how an exogenous impact on the local institutions that linked landscape, people, animals and products together in the conformation of a LAFS have been disturbed through the creation of alternative income opportunities and enforced change. Current events generated alternative short term income opportunities, but also a long term negative impact on livelihoods and nature. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Paulina Rytkönen

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Meal Sciences

Research area for doctoral studies

Environmental Studies

Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World was the title of the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems. The contributions in this volume are written by conference participants. The themes highlighted relate to four topics. The first topic refers to various aspects of the articulation of the New Rurality and its challenges and opportunities, with a specific focus on the Nordic countries, the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea, and the Eastern European Countries. Also in focus is the role of knowledge in the promotion of rural development and ‘glocal’ links as enablers of opportunities and sources of challenges in relation to entrepreneurship and rural development – in theory and practice in particular Europe and the Americas. The second topic highlights various aspects of territorial governance and localized agri-food systems in particular Europe, North and South America. The third topic relates to the impact of the market on localized agri-food systems, with a special focus on short food chains, public procurement and tourism. The fourth and final topic highlights questions related to the connection between localized agri-food systems and the environment. Special interest was devoted to possible synergies, (organizational) innovations and challenges between localized agri-food systems and environmental benefits, proposing agroecology as a framework for action in the transition from conventional production to more sustainable agro-food production systems.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ursula Hård

Paulina Rytkönen

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental StudiesSchool of Social Sciences
Meal Sciences

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2016.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Anders Ivarsson WesterbergTorbjörn Nilsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSamtidshistoriska institutetSchool of Historical and Contemporary StudiesSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Ekvilibrium. Göteborg : Göteborgs universitet, 2016. 329-348.

De lokala tidningarna har varit ryggraden i det svenska mediesystemet. Men de senaste tio åren har lokaltidningar minskat bevakningen och stängt lokalredaktioner, samtidigt som medborgarna i ökande grad håller sig orienterade om det lokala  samhället på andra sätt än genom traditionella lokalmedier. Frågan är hur detta syns i människors medievanor och i synen på lokala medier? SOM-undersökningen 2015 visar att de traditionella medierna fortfarande är viktigast för människor, men gratistidningar, lokala nyhetssajter och Facebook har många användare. Framför allt går det en skiljelinje mellan de som är över och under 50 år. Även andra nätbaserade medier anses viktiga, t ex tidningarnas nyhetssajter, fristående lokala nyhetssajter och kommunens hemsida. Men trots utveckling av interaktivitet är det fortfarande mycket få som bidrar med innehåll, speciellt till traditionella lokalmedier. Nya typer av lokala medier har alltså ännu inte ersatt de gamla, men fyller en allt större roll i människors vardag.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Sara Leckner

Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Människorna, medierna och makrnaden. Stockholm : Wolters Kluwer, 2016. 262-282.

I medieutvecklingen är den journalistiska professionen central. Större delen av det medieutbud som möter oss varje dag är producerat av journalister. Men den journalistiska professionen är i gungning och utsatt för stora utmaningar: Färre journalister på redaktionerna ska producera mer innehåll för fler kanaler och plattformar. Det ska gå snabbare, samtidigt som kraven på att hantera alla olika uttrycksformer växer. Samtidigt får yrket konkurrens av alltifrån ideella gräsrotsjournalister och bloggare till växande kader av PR-konsulter och informatörer. Medieföretagen – särskilt dagspressen – kämpar med bristande finansiering (se en fördjupning i kapitlet av Ohlsson i denna bok), vilket har lett till kraftiga minskningar av personal; under tio års tid har antalet journalister på dagstidningar minskat med cirka 25 procent (Nygren och Althén, 2014). Jakten på nya inkomster ställer också journalisterna inför frågor om yrkets gränser när nya former av textreklam och ”uppdragsjournalistik” växer. Detta kapitel syftar till att i korthet summera den utveckling som journalistyrket genomgått och de möjligheter och hinder som möter journalistiken i dag. En särskilt viktig fråga är vem som är journalist i dagens nätverkssamhälle – i ett samhälle där ”medieborgarna” blir alltmer aktiva ställs nya krav på journalister att definiera sin roll. Detta är inte bara frågor som berör journalister – det handlar också om journalistikens demokratiska funktioner.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jenny Wiik

Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Människorna, medierna och marknaden. Stockholm : Wolters Kluwer, 2016. 85-108.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Gunnar Nygren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 2016, 57 (5): 437-445.

This study examines in detail the psychological variables underlying ideological political orientation, and structure and contents of this orientation, in Sweden and Latvia. Individual political orientation is conceptualized on two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. Swedish (N = 320) and Latvian (N = 264) participants completed measures of political orientation, Social Dominance Orientation (SDO), Right Wing Authoritarianism (RWA), self vs. other orientation, tolerance for ambiguity, humanism and normativism, core political values, system justification, as well as moral foundations questionnaire and portrait values questionnaire. The results showed that the relation among the measured variables was similar in both samples. Swedish participants showed stronger endorsement of egalitarian attitudes and social values, whereas we found more self-enhancing and socially conservative values and attitudes among the Latvian participants.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Girts Dimdins

Henry Montgomery

Maria Sandgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 2016, 10 (2): 241-260.

The World Bank has for over a decade tried to formalize the informal economy in Kosovo. However, local journalists and businessmen among others provide an alternative understanding of informality that problematizes the World Bank’s view and actions. Against this backdrop, the article analyses the constitution and the constitutive effects of the World Bank’s anti-informality operations in Kosovo between 1999 and 2014. Drawing on Pierre Bourdieu’s power analytics, the article claims that the Bank’s agenda, and the economic ideas enacted through it, does structure and shape informal economic practices on the ground. Yet this structuring involves two forms of misrecognition. As a result, informality is paradoxically constituted (in novel ways) and reconstituted through the World Bank’s imposed anti-informality agenda. The article concludes with a discussion of how this underlines the need for policy solutions that depart from liberal peacebuilding’s subject–object distinction to form instead around an acknowledgement of informality as emergent and transforming throughout international interventions.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Anna Danielsson


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

BMC Psychology 2016, 4 (1): -.

BACKGROUND: Depression is a major health problem worldwide, especially among women. The condition has been related to a number of factors, such as alcohol consumption, economic situation and, more recently, to social capital. However, there have been relatively few studies about the social capital-depression relationship in Eastern Europe. This paper aims to fill this gap by examining the association between different forms of social capital and self-rated depression in Moscow. Differences between men and women will also be examined, with a special focus on women.METHODS: Data was obtained from the Moscow Health Survey, which was conducted in 2004 with 1190 Muscovites aged 18 years or above. For depression, a single-item self-reported measure was used. Social capital was operationalised through five questions about different forms of social relations. Logistic regression analysis was undertaken to estimate the association between social capital and self-rated depression, separately for men and women.RESULTS: More women (48 %) than men (36 %) reported that they had felt depressed during the last year. An association was found between social capital and reported depression only among women. Women who were divorced or widowed or who had little contact with relatives had higher odds of reporting depression than those with more family contact. Women who regularly engaged with people from different age groups outside of their families were also more likely to report depression than those with less regular contact.CONCLUSIONS: Social capital can be a mixed blessing for women. Different forms of social relations can lead to different health outcomes, both positive and negative. Although the family is important for women's mental health in Moscow, extra-familial relations across age groups can be mentally distressing. This suggests that even though social capital can be a valuable resource for mental health, some of its forms can be mentally deleterious to maintain, especially for women. More research is needed on both sides to social capital. A special focus should be placed on bridging social relations among women in order to better understand the complex association between social capital and depression in Russia and elsewhere.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Olga Kislitsyna

Andrew Stickley

Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen

Per CarlsonSara FerlanderTanya Jukkala

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Social WorkSociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Economics and Finance Review 2016, 4 (10): 1-19.

Numerous studies have been undertaken regarding FDI, its determinants and impact on beneficiary countries, but very few papers directly examined profitability and its importance for the FDI. The study addresses this gap by including return on capital into determinants of Swedish FDI alongside the variables that are traditionally assumed to have an impact on FDI. Regression analysis suggests that the predictive role of profitability is significantly superior to that of other variables, explaining 85% of the variation of FDI stock. Market size, geographical location and economic freedom in the beneficiary country are other variables that have statistical support for their roles. Conversely, the study refutes the significance of several variables which are commonly believed to be important determinants of FDI. The findings of the article will have certain implications for company managers, policy-makers and academicians. The study also indicates that the reforms aimed at improving investment climate in beneficiary countries may not be efficient if we fail to understand the connection between the business environment and the profitability of a particular project.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Olga Golubeva


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: . : .

The aim of this research is to describe and analyse four different strategies for the internationalisation of healthcare. We have looked at four major international hospitals that have taken alternative routes to reach a global health care market. The Mayo Clinic, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital and Singapore General Hospital are all receiving international patients, but are pursuing different approaches to the international marketing of healthcare. We have conducted a large number of in-depth interviews with representatives for these hospitals and present four comparative case studies of the internationalisation of health care and what has become described as medical tourism. A growing number of patients are today seeking healthcare outside their country of residence. International health care is today one of the fastest growing industries with an annual growth rate of more than 20 per cent. Understanding the dynamics of this potent globalization is essential to researchers of international business. We have identified three modes of services offshoring development and two variables that have been essential to the understanding of hospitals internationalisation. First, the price range they are operating which determines which international markets they can penetrate. Secondly, the stage to which they have come in their internationalisation which influences movements into international markets. The four internationalisation strategies represent four distinct corners in a two by two matrix.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

PM Rao

Erik Borg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Peter Hedberg

Mikael Lönnborg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: . : .

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl GratzerMikael LönnborgMikael Olsson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Huddinge : Södertörns Högskola, 2016. (Journalistikstudier vid Södertörns högskola ; 9)

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Kajsa Althén


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Hypertension Research 2016, 39 : 818-824.

Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of mortality in the world. Although previous studies have focused on individual-level behavioral risk factors associated with hypertension, there has been little research on how interacting with others, that is social participation, affects hypertension. To address this research gap, this study examined the association between social participation and hypertension in Japan, a country with a high prevalence of hypertension possibly linked to rapid population aging. Data were used from 4582 participants aged more than 65 years who participated in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Survey (JAGES) with blood pressure data collected during a health check-up. The frequency of participation in vertical organizations (characterized by hierarchical relationships) and horizontal organizations (characterized by non-hierarchical, egalitarian relationships) was measured by a questionnaire. In a Poisson regression analysis, participation in vertical organizations was not associated with hypertension, whereas participation in horizontal organizations at least once a month was inversely associated with hypertension (prevalence ratio: 0.941). This association remained significant after adjusting for social support variables, although further adjustment for health behaviors attenuated the association. As the frequency of going out and average time spent walking were both associated with hypertension, physical activity may be a possible pathway that connects social participation and hypertension. The results of this study suggest that expanding social participation programs, especially those involving horizontal organizations, may be one way to promote better health among older people in Japan.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Aki Yazawa

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

PLoS ONE 2016, 11 (6): -.

The present study examines the effect of language experience on vocal emotion perception in a second language. Native speakers of French with varying levels of self-reported English ability were asked to identify emotions from vocal expressions produced by American actors in a forced-choice task, and to rate their pleasantness, power, alertness and intensity on continuous scales. Stimuli included emotionally expressive English speech (emotional prosody) and non-linguistic vocalizations (affect bursts), and a baseline condition with Swiss-French pseudo-speech. Results revealed effects of English ability on the recognition of emotions in English speech but not in non-linguistic vocalizations. Specifically, higher English ability was associated with less accurate identification of positive emotions, but not with the interpretation of negative emotions. Moreover, higher English ability was associated with lower ratings of pleasantness and power, again only for emotional prosody. This suggests that second language skills may sometimes interfere with emotion recognition from speech prosody, particularly for positive emotions.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Anjali Bhatara

Petri Laukka


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Psychology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Health Economics 2016, 49 : 109-119.

Non-contractible quality dimensions are at risk of degradation when the provision of public services is privatized. However, privatization may increase quality by fostering performance-improving innovation, particularly if combined with increased competition. We assemble a large data set on elderly care services in Sweden between 1990 and 2009 and estimate how opening to private provision affected mortality rates – an important and not easily contractible quality dimension – using a difference-in-difference-in-difference approach. The results indicate that privatization and the associated increase in competition significantly improved non-contractible quality as measured by mortality rates. © 2016

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

P. Johansson

Mats Bergman

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Affective Disorders 2016, 201 : 194-202.

Background: Some evidence suggests an association may exist between the level of air pollution and suicide mortality. However, this relation has been little studied to date. The current study examined the association in Tokyo, Japan. Methods: Suicide mortality data for Tokyo for the 11-year period 2001-2011 were obtained together with data on four air pollutants: fine particulate matter (PM2.5), suspended particulate matter (SPM), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). A time-stratified case-crossover study design was used to examine the daily association between the level of air pollution and suicide mortality. Results: During the study period there were 29,939 suicide deaths. In stratified analyses an interquartile range (IQR) increase in the same-day concentration of NO2 was linked to increased suicide mortality among those aged under 30 (percentage change: 6.73%, 95% Cl: 0.69-13.12%). An IQR increase in PM25 and SO2 was associated with a 10.55% (95% Cl: 2.05-19.75%) and 11.47% (95% Cl: 3.60-19.93%) increase, respectively, in suicide mortality among widowed individuals for mean exposure on the first four days (average lags 0-3). Positive associations were observed for the air pollutants in the summer although associations were reversed in autumn. Limitations: We relied on monitoring data to approximate individual exposure to air pollutants. Conclusions: Higher levels of air pollution are associated with increased suicide mortality in some population subgroups in Tokyo. Further research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms linking air pollutants and suicide in this setting.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Chris Fook Sheng Ng

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Journal of Affective Disorders 2016, 200 : 259-265.

Background: Previous research has produced conflicting findings concerning whether birthdays are associated with an increased risk of suicide. This study examined the association in Tokyo, Japan. Methods: Suicide data (ICD-10 codes X60-X84) for the period 2001-2010 were obtained from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. A time-stratified case-crossover design was used with conditional logistic regression analysis being performed to estimate within-subject birthday exposures' while controlling for meteorological conditions and public holidays. Results: There were 27,007 suicides in the study period. For males the 5 days before the birthday and the week after the birthday were associated with significantly higher odds for suicide with the odds ratio being highest on the actual birthday (OR =1.677, 95% CI: 1.294, 2.172). For females, significantly higher odds for completed suicide were observed 7-11 days before the birthday. Stratified analyses showed different at risk time patterns among men from different age groups, and that married men had higher odds for suicide on, and for the 4 days before and in the 2 weeks after their birthday. Limitations: We lacked detailed information on suicides which would have enabled a better understanding of the observed associations. Conclusions: Birthdays are associated with an increased risk for suicide in Tokyo, Japan. Health professionals who work with individuals at risk of suicide should be made aware that birthdays are associated with an elevated suicide risk. This information should also be communicated in wider suicide prevention campaigns.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Chris Fook Sheng Ng

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Schizophrenia Research 2016, 175 (1-3): 209-215.

Background: Information on the association between subclinical psychosis and pain is scarce, and the role of common mental disorders (CMDs) in this association is largely unknown. The aim of the current study was to therefore assess this association in the general population using nationally representative data from England. Methods: Data for 7403 adults aged. ≥. 16. years were used from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Five forms of psychotic symptoms were assessed by the Psychosis Screening Questionnaire, while pain was assessed in terms of the level of its interference with work activity in the past four weeks. The Clinical Interview Schedule Revised (CIS-R) was used to assess anxiety disorders, depressive episode, and mixed anxiety-depressive disorder (MADD). Participants with probable or definite psychosis were excluded. The association between psychotic symptoms and pain was assessed by ordinal and binary logistic regression analysis. Results: When adjusted for confounders other than CMDs, psychotic symptoms were significantly associated with pain [e.g., the OR (95%CI) for the severest form of pain (binary outcome) was 1.78 (1.11-2.85)]. However, this association was no longer significant when CMDs were controlled for in most analyses. Anxiety disorders and depressive episode explained 34.8%-47.1% of the association between psychotic symptoms and pain, while this percentage increased to 62.7%-78.0% when the sub-threshold condition of MADD was also taken into account. Conclusions: When coexisting psychotic symptoms and pain are detected, assessing for anxiety and depression (even at sub-threshold levels) may be important for determining treatment options.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

A. Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Science of the Total Environment 2016, 566-567 : 528-535.

Short-term exposure to air pollution may be linked to negative health outcomes that require an emergency medical response. However, few studies have been undertaken on this phenomenon to date. The aim of this study therefore was to examine the association between short-term exposure to ambient suspended particulate matter (SPM) and emergency ambulance dispatches (EADs) for acute illness in Japan. Daily EAD data, daily mean SPM and meteorological data were obtained for four prefectures in the Kanto region of Japan for the period from 2007 to 2011. The area-specific association between daily EAD for acute illness and SPM was explored using generalized linear models while controlling for ambient temperature, relative humidity, seasonality, long-term trends, day of the week and public holidays. Stratified analyses were conducted to evaluate the modifying effects of age, sex and medical conditions. Area-specific estimates were combined using meta-analyses. For the total study period the mean level of SPM was 23.7 μg/m3. In general, higher SPM was associated with a significant increase in EAD for acute illness [estimated pooled relative risk (RR): 1.008, 95% CI: 1.007 to 1.010 per 10 μg/m3 increase in SPM at lag 0-1]. The effects of SPM on EAD for acute illness were significantly greater for moderate/mild medical conditions (e.g. cases that resulted in <3 weeks hospitalization or no hospitalization) when compared to severe medical conditions (e.g. critical cases, and cases that led to >3 weeks hospitalization or which resulted in death). Using EAD data, this study has shown the adverse health effects of ambient air pollution. This highlights the importance of reducing the level of air pollution in order to maintain population health and well-being.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

S. Tasmin

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psychiatry Research 2016, 241 : 26-34.

There are no studies on psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) and disordered eating in the general population. We aimed to assess this association in the English adult population. Data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (APMS) were analyzed. This was a nationally representative survey comprising 7403 English adults aged ≥16 years. The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire was used to identify the past 12-month occurrence of five forms of psychotic symptoms. Questions from the five-item SCOFF screening instrument were used to identify those with eating disorder (ED) symptoms and possible ED in the past year. The prevalence of any PLE was 5.1% (female) and 5.4% (male), while that of possible ED was 9.0% (female) and 3.5% (male). After adjustment for potential confounders, possible ED was associated with hypomania/mania in females (OR=3.23 95%CI=1.002-10.39), strange experiences [females (OR=1.85 95%CI=1.07-3.20) and males (OR=3.54 95%CI=1.65-7.57)], and any PLE in males (OR=3.44 95%CI=1.85-6.39). An interaction analysis revealed that the association was stronger among males for: auditory hallucinations and uncontrolled eating; and any PLE with uncontrolled eating, food dominance, and possible ED. Clinical practitioners should be aware that PLEs and disordered eating behavior often coexist. When one condition is detected, screening for the other may be advisable, especially among males.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

A. Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

BMC Psychiatry 2016, 16 (1): -.

Background: Loneliness is common in adolescence and has been linked to various negative outcomes. Until now, however, there has been little cross-country research on this phenomenon. The aim of the present study was to examine which factors are associated with adolescent loneliness in three countries that differ historically and culturally-the Czech Republic, Russia and the United States, and to determine whether adolescent loneliness is associated with poorer psychological and somatic health. Methods: Data from a school survey, the Social and Health Assessment (SAHA), were used to examine these relations among 2205 Czech, 1995 Russian, and 2050 U.S. male and female adolescents aged 13 to 15 years old. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine if specific demographic, parenting, personal or school-based factors were linked to feeling lonely and whether lonely adolescents were more likely to report psychological (depression and anxiety) or somatic symptoms (e.g. headaches, pain). Results: Inconsistent parenting, shyness, and peer victimisation were associated with higher odds for loneliness in at least 4 of the 6 country- and sex-wise subgroups (i.e. Czech, Russian, U.S. boys and girls). Parental warmth was a protective factor against feeling lonely among Czech and U.S. girls. Adolescents who were lonely had higher odds for reporting headaches, anxiety and depressive symptoms across all subgroups. Loneliness was associated with other somatic symptoms in at least half of the adolescent subgroups. Conclusion: Loneliness is associated with worse adolescent health across countries. The finding that variables from different domains are important for loneliness highlights the necessity of interventions in different settings in order to reduce loneliness and its detrimental effects on adolescent health. © 2016 Stickley et al.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

A. Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Psychological Medicine 2016, 43 (12): 2655-2665.

Background: Studies on whether the co-occurrence of psychotic experiences (PEs) and depression confers a more pronounced decrement in health status and function compared with depression alone are scarce in the general adult population. Method: Data on 195 479 adults aged ⩾18 years from the World Health Survey were analysed. Using the World Mental Health Survey version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), depression in the past 12 months was categorized into four groups: depressive episode, brief depressive episode, subsyndromal depression, and no depression. Past 12-month psychotic symptoms were assessed using four questions on positive symptoms from the CIDI. Health status across seven domains (cognition, interpersonal activities, sleep/energy, self-care, mobility, pain/discomfort, vision) and interviewer-rated presence of a mental health problem were assessed. Multivariable logistic and linear regression analyses were performed to assess the associations. Results: When compared with those with no depression, individuals with depression had higher odds of reporting at least one PE, and this was seen across all levels of depression severity: subsyndromal depression [odds ratio (OR) 2.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.02–2.81], brief depressive episode (OR 3.84, 95% CI 3.31–4.46) and depressive episode (OR 3.75, 95% CI 3.24–4.33). Having coexisting PEs and depression was associated with a higher risk for observable illness behavior and a significant decline in health status in the cognition, interpersonal activities and sleep/energy domains, compared with those with depression alone. Conclusions: This coexistence of depression and PEs is associated with more severe social, cognitive and sleep disturbances, and more outwardly apparent illness behavior. Detecting this co-occurrence may be important for treatment planning.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

A. Koyanagi

Andrew Stickley


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

SCOHOSTSchool of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Social spaces and social relations. Frankfurt am Main : Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016. 21-38.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Apostolis Papakostas

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Sociology

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2016. (Förvaltningsakademin ; 6)

Trafikverkets uppgift är att med ett trafikslagsövergripande perspektiv ansvara för långsiktig planering och utbyggnad av transportsystemet för väg- och järnvägstrafik samt sjö- och luftfart. Det praktiska arbetet utförs dock inte inom myndigheten då Trafikverket, från och med 2010 och på regeringens uppdrag, är en renodlad beställarorganisation. Det betyder att staten lämnat över till marknaden det marknaden anses sköta bäst samtidigt som Trafikverket, i sin roll som beställare, ska stå för kravformulering och uppföljning.Men hur beskriver och förverkligar Trafikverket den renodlade beställarrollen? Och vad betyder det för processer och relationer mellan Trafikverket och övriga aktörer – stora och små entreprenörer – på den marknad där trafikpolitiken ska realiseras?Emma Ek Österberg är fil. dr i offentlig förvaltning och verksam vid Förvaltningsakademin, Södertörns högskola samt vid Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Emma Ek Österberg


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Ekvilibrium. Göteborg : SOM-institutet, 2016. 389-401.

Under det senaste decenniet har utbudet av utländska nyhetstjänster växt explo-sionsartat i takt med att både produktion och konsumtion av nyhetsinnehåll riktats mot digitala plattformar. Syftet med det här kapitlet är därför att teckna en bild av svenskarnas konsumtion av utländska nyhetsmedier. Resultaten visar att den dag-liga konsumtionen av utländska nyhetsmedier är begränsad, särskilt om man riktar uppmärksamheten mot specifika plattformar. Totalt sett konsumerar dock mer än en fjärdedel av alla svenskar någon form av utländsk journalistik minst en gång i veckan, och i synnerhet genom nyhetssajter och sociala medier. Ett tydligt resultat är också att få tycker att de utländska nyhetsmedierna håller en högre kvalitet eller är mer pålitliga än de svenska. Centrala motiv tycks istället vara att få annorlunda perspektiv och att lära sig mer om omvärlden. Detta antyder att de utländska nyhetstjänsterna tillfredsställer behov som skiljer sig från den dagliga och traditionella nyhetskonsumtionen.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Andreas Widholm


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Organisation & Samhälle 2016, 1 : 42-43.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Anders Ivarsson Westerberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Edulearn16 proceedings. Valencia : IATED Academy.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Bartliomiej Walczak

Anders Ivarsson Westerberg

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

Academy of Public AdministrationSchool of Social Sciences

-


Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Ukraina och informationskriget. : Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016. 193-221.

I det här kapitlet diskuteras hur kriget i Ukraina och dess politiska konfliktlinjer har gestaltats i nyhetskanalen Russia Today (RT). Till skillnad från övriga medier som ingår i rapporten riktar sig inte RT primärt till en lokal eller nationell publik, och dess spridnings- område är därmed heller inte begränsat till ett givet geografiskt territorium. Istället ingår RT i den allt större grupp av tv-kanaler som riktar sig till en internationell publik och den kan därmed ses som ett uttryck för den pågående globaliseringen av såväl medielandskapet som politiken, kulturen och samhället i stort. Analysen visar bl.a. att RTs digitala nyhetsflöde i liten utsträckning inriktar sig på att klargöra skeenden genom faktiska egna observationer eller genom interaktion med primärkällor ute påfältet. Istället ägnas en mycket stor del åt att referera, förstärka, debattera och kritisera olika typer av externa mediekällor. En viktig slutsats som kan dras utifrån det analyserade materialet är att RT inte primärt inriktar sig på att forma en positiv bild av Ryssland. Störst utrymme ägnas istället åt att identifiera och kritisera brister i västvärldens politiska och mediala kulturer för att på så vis skapa grogrund för kritiska attityder. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Andreas Widholm


Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

Yes
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Contemporary Entrepreneurship. Cham : Springer, 2016. 31-49.

Recent developments in entrepreneurship suggest a causal link between entrepreneurial activity and economic growth: entrepreneurship precedes economic growth. A positive effect from entrepreneurship on economic development in advanced, innovation-driven economies in the most recent decades is often maintained. Self-employment is one of the most common indicators of entrepreneurship. The present study uses very long series of non-interrupted data on self-employment in Sweden (1850–2000). It analyzes the relationship between variations in self-employment and economic growth. For the entire period, variations in self-employment had a significant, instantaneous positive correlation with GDP growth. However, no causal relationship could be discovered: variations in self-employment did not (Granger) cause GDP growth. We discovered a structural break in GDP growth as early as in the year of 1948. Up until 1948, (Granger) causality between self-employment and GDP could not be established for any direction. For the other segment (1949–2000), GDP growth (Granger) caused self-employment growth, but not the other way around. For the period 1949–2000, but not for the previous period, selfemployment lagged with respect to GDP growth.  Consequently, GDP growth preceded self-employment growth, but self-employment growth did not precede GDP growth. Given that self-employment is a suitable indicator, the empirical results in this study are, in several respects, in disagreement with dominating assumptions in mainstream research.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Karl GratzerMarcus BoxXiang Lin

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business AdministrationEconomics

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Literary Journalism Studies 2016, 8 (1): 106-139.

The aim of this essay is to present a model for analyzing the in- terplay between voice and point of view in literary journalism/reportage. The model can be used to nuance previous researchers’ discussions about “subjective” and “objective” journalism. It also problematizes the reporter’s special role as an eyewitness by highlighting how narrative techniques can create empathy with the Other and move the reader’s gaze away from the reporter, away from the one who is witnessing. Using tools from classical narratology, I focus on the form of the texts. The tools help me investigate the narrator’s as well as the characters’ subjectivity and interpret the narra- tive’s construction as an expression of a journalistic mission. I systematize variables such as the narrator’s visibility, the relation between an experienc- ing reporter and a narrating reporter, the interplay between the experienc- ing reporter and other characters in the text, and in what way a level with a director (an implied author) can facilitate a comparison between vari- ous kinds of literary journalism. I also examine whether it might be time to abandon the theory that a first-person reportage is more subjective in general than a third-person reportage. I explore whether it is instead the narrator’s visibility that determines the position of the text on a scale be- tween “subjective” and “objective” forms. (Note: I have provided a glossary of terms at the end of the essay.)

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Cecilia Aare

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Drug And Alcohol Dependence 2016, 166 : 243-248.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Ylva B. Almquist

Per Carlson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Ekvilibrium. Göteborg : Göteborgs universitet, 2016. 403-418.

Att dela personlig information i digitala sammanhang kan ge fördelar, men det finns också risker. Trots att insamling av beteendedata sker på många av de sajter svenska folket använder idag, visar 2015 års SOM-undersökning att 60 procent av befolkningen är negativa till att dela personliga data med företag. Endast en liten andel av befolkningen accepterar fullt ut att insamling sker. Majoriteten av befolkningen säger att de försöker begränsa sin personliga information på internet, samtidigt är det bara 15 procent som noga läser igenom användarvillkor. Kanske beror svenskarnas övervä- gande negativa attityd till att dela data på en omedvetenhet kring när data samlas in och vilka fördelar det ger. Frågan är om ökad medvetenhet ger en mer accepterande attityd eller om det leder till det motsatta? Oavsett vilken riktning utvecklingen tar kommer företagen att behöva bli tydligare jämtemot användare med hur och när de samlar in beteendedata.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Sara Leckner

Ester Appelgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

Sydsvenskan 2016, 2016-05-28 : C5-C5.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Historical StudiesPolitics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Solidarity without Borders. London : Pluto Press, 2016. 186-202.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Aleksandra Ålund

Lisa Kings

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social Work

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Challenges to European Welfare Systems. : Springer, 2016. 671-691.

This paper examines the challenges to the Swedish welfare state after the credit crunch of 2008 focusing on several major challenges: the government’s reaction to the fiscal and economic crisis and its outcomes, the (re)balance of welfare policies addressing risks and opportunities. While the situation is almost excellent from a purely fiscal point of view, the outstanding private debt, unemployment, especially among youth, pressures on the pension, health and education systems are prominent concerns. They have led to the revitalization of the social investment paradigm, strict budgetary policies, increased number of welfare-to-work programmes and focus on using tax reductions as a means of stimulating the labour market. In this context, the main demographic concerns and social integration have come to the fore to an unprecedented extent.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Lisa Kings

Sven E. O. Hort

Zhanna Kravchenko

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Social WorkSociology

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Understanding Populist Party Organization. Houndmills : Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. 189-219.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ann-Cathrine Jungar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Populist Political Communication in Europe. New York : Routledge, 2016. 68-81.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Jesper Strömbäck

Ann-Cathrine Jungar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

In: Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe. New York : Routledge, 2016. -.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ann-Cathrine Jungar

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Political Science

Research area for doctoral studies

-

Sydsvenska Dagbladet 2016, 2016-04-19 : A15-.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Christoph Andersson

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Nordicom Review 2016, 37 (1): 1-14.

On Facebook there are interest groups created by journalists, for journalists, that focus on the journalistic profession and work methods. One example is the Swedish group, “Datajournalistik” (in English, “Data Journalism”), which was created in 2012. This article builds on Granovetter’s theory on the strength of weak ties and is focused on the skill development process taking place in the group. A content analysis has been carried out of all posts that received comments in order to explore the social functions of the group. The results indicate both a significant need for knowledge exchange and a need for self-affirmation. At the time of the study, the group was unique in the Nordic countries and as such has played a major role in data journalism’s development process in the Nordic region. 

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Ester Appelgren

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Journalism

Research area for doctoral studies

Annat forskningsområde

In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises. New York and London : Routledge, 2016. 215-231.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Elisabeth Sundin

Malin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises. New York and London : Routledge, 2016. 41-57.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject
Malin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises. New York and London : Routledge, 2016. 1-21.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Linda Lundgaard Andersen

Malin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

New York and London : Routledge, 2016.

Migrant women stepping into ethnic catering; homeless men employed to take care of bees producing honey for sale; young people on the edge getting microcredit funding to start social businesses; or former criminals joining forces to create social and economic structures for an honest lifestyle. These initiatives capture the transformative power of social enterprise and might indicate how social enterprises have the potential to make a difference for people and societies. The Nordic countries represent an interesting case. Social enterprises and co-operatives played a significant part in paving the way for the Nordic solicaristic welfare state.As the welfare state grew, civil society organizations and co-operatives lost ground, to a certain extent. But in recent decades, the welfare state has been restructured and, simultaneously, the concepts social entrepreneurship and social enterprises have gained attention. The Nordic context, with extensive public welfare structures and a high degree of citizens’ participation in public affairs, might affect the emergence of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises.

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Linda Lundgaard Andersen

Malin Gawell

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

ENTER forumSchool of Social Sciences
Business Administration

Research area for doctoral studies

Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society

Water Economics and Policy 2016, 2 (4): -.

In this paper, we analyze a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model on how water resilience affects economic growth and dynamic welfare with special reference to South Africa. While water may become a limiting factor for future development in general, as a drought prone and water poor country with rapid population growth, South Africa may face more serious challenges for sustainable development. Using the model, we conduct numerical simulations for di¤erent parameter con…gurations with varying discount rate, climate change scenario, and the degree of uncertainty in future precipitation. We fi…nd that with sufficient capital accumulation, development may still be sustainable despite increased future water scarcity and decreased long-run sustainable welfare; While stochastic variation in precipitation has a negative effect on water resilience and the expected dynamic welfare, the e¤ect is mitigated by persistence in the precipitation pattern. With heavier time discounting and lower capital formation, however, the current welfare may not be sustained

AuthorPublishing yearSubject

Chuan-Zhong Li

Ranjula Bali Swain

Research linked to the Baltic region and Eastern Europe

No
2016

School/Centre

School of Social Sciences
Economics

Research area for doctoral studies

-