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Martin Dvorak

Martin Dvorak

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Martin Dvorak
Lektor
Alfred Nobels allé 7
Södertörns högskola
Flemingsberg
Telefon: 08-608 46 91
Fax: 08-608 44 80
PB 225 Primus
Publikationer

In: INTED2016 Proceedings. Valencia, Spain : IATED Academy.

The affluence of information sources we currently experience due to economic prosperity of western cultures and modern information technologies seems to have, apart from its positive effects associated with the ready availability of information, some negative ones as well. These seem to be related to the counterproductive way students utilize these sources, which, in some cases, may hinder their progress, reduce the efficiency of the overall educational process, and render teachers frustrated due to their students not coming prepared to their seminars.Besides looking into factors affecting intake, retention and recall of new information among Swedish university students, which appear to be directly associated with the scarcity principle and perceived value of the information sources the students use, the paper also discusses their inability to deploy relevant cognitive and metacognitive strategies in the process of learning, the impact of exposure to a certain assessment, learning and grading culture, as well as possible solutions to the issue.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2016

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Engelska

Forskarutbildningsområde

Annat forskningsområde

In: International conference The Future of Education, Florence, Italy, 12-13 June, 2014, 4th ed.. Padova, Italy : Libreria Universitaria.

Teaching English to children at an early age does not only prepare a breeding ground for early bilingualism/multilingualism but also facilitates language learning at later stages. The early introduction of English in the curricula of primary schools, which has recently become topical throughout Europe, also calls for the introduction of language-teaching methodology suitable for very young learners. Although there is currently a wide range of material parents and teachers have at their disposal that can assist them in improving their children’s and pupils’ linguistic potential, its amount may sometimes seem quite overwhelming. This can make the choice of the right activity rather complicated and thus the need for language-teaching aids that can be recycled several times arises.The paper focuses on practical examples of how a magnetic book can be used repeatedly to develop a young child’s language skills in their mother tongue or a second language and what methodology can be deployed in this respect that incorporates some of the principles of language acquisition theories. Special attention is being paid to behaviorism, Chomsky’s ideas, Vygotsky’s and Piaget’s interactionist approaches (fostering Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding), and connectionism as well as how these can be put into operation when one is working with the book.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2014

Institution/Centrumbildning

Kultur och lärande
Engelska

Forskarutbildningsområde

-

Language and Communication Quarterly 2013, 2 (4): -.

The paper looks into discursive practices of increasing credibility of a message and its source deployed in religious discourse for the purpose of boosting its persuasive potential. It is based on author’s research and analysis of a corpus of religious texts and illustrates the use of credibility boosters by presenting examples selected from sources of several denominations and religious movements (Christians, Latter-Day Saints, Jehova’s Witnesses, United Christian Action, etc.). Besides, it statistically maps the distribution of credibility boosters across four samples used by Judaism and Christianity, Church of Latter-Day Saints, Heaven’s Gate, and Church of Scientology. It also points out recent trends in some of the persuasive mechanisms deployed to induce a change of individual’s opinion and/or behavior.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2013

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

Language and Communication Quarterly 2013, 2 (1): -.

Fear occupies an undeniable portion of our lives and in most cases represents an incentive and driving force underlying our acts. The paper looks into discursive practices of generating fear through direct intimidation and by overemphasizing and/or fabricating versatile wide-coverage taints (reader’s/listener’s imperfections and flaws) deployed for the purpose of inducing feelings of guilt and insufficiency. It also tackles the issue of semantic polarity (juxtaposing two stylistically more or less identical but semantically opposing blocks of text) discussing its impact on the message recipient and the concepts it endeavors to establish in them in order to influence their future choices and conduct. Attention is also paid to semantic association, which proves to be another intimidating technique frequently utilized in religious discourse to supercharge selected lexical items with the meanings the writer/speaker purposefully attaches to these, thereby exploiting excessive signification (in the Saussurean sense) to achieve their intended persuasive effect.The paper, which is based on the author’s research and analysis of a corpus of religious texts, illustrates the individual phenomena by presenting examples selected from sources used by several denominations and religious movements (Christians, Latter-Day Saints, Jehova’s Witnesses, Satanists, Scientologists, etc.). Besides, it statistically maps the distribution of direct intimidation and versatile wide-coverage taints segments across these sources and points out the recent trends in persuasive mechanisms deployed to induce a change of individual’s opinion and/or behavior.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2013

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: International Symposium on Language and Communication: Research trends and challenges. Izmir, Turkey : Institute of Language and Communication Studies.

Fear occupies an undeniable portion of our lives and in most cases represents an incentive and driving force underlying our acts. The paper looks into discursive practices of generating fear through direct intimidation and by overemphasizing and/or fabricating versatile wide-coverage taints (reader’s/listener’s imperfections and flaws) deployed for the purpose of inducing feelings of guilt and insufficiency. It also tackles the issue of semantic polarity (juxtaposing two stylistically more or less identical but semantically opposing blocks of text) discussing its impact on the message recipient and the concepts it endeavors to establish in them in order to influence their future choices and conduct. Attention is also paid to semantic association, which proves to be another intimidating technique frequently utilized in religious discourse to supercharge selected lexical items with the meanings the writer/speaker purposefully attaches to these, thereby exploiting excessive signification (in the Saussurean sense) to achieve their intended persuasive effect.The paper, which is based on the author’s research and analysis of a corpus of religious texts, illustrates the individual phenomena by presenting examples selected from sources used by several denominations and religious movements (Christians, Latter-Day Saints, Jehova’s Witnesses, Satanists, Scientologists, etc.). Besides, it statistically maps the distribution of direct intimidation and versatile wide-coverage taints segments across these sources and points out the recent trends in persuasive mechanisms deployed to induce a change of individual’s opinion and/or behavior.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2012

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Alternativni metody vyuky 2010. Prague : .

The cooperation between a patient and their physician represents a pre-requisite for successful treatment. Provided the patient is well-informed and willing to cooperate, their illness turns out to progress more slowly and, as a result, they usually live longer than the one who is not as they are more likely to take precautions against medical complications associated with it. Moreover, the quality of such a person’s life is higher and treatment less expensive.The nefrologie.eu portal aims to educate patients, their relatives and other people interested in the area of kidney diseases. Apart from the provision of information on how to prevent and alleviate kidney-related disorders, the portal conducts a perpetual needs analysis thereby ensuring it is the areas that interest patients most that are widely covered by it. In this respect, it also serves as a needs analysis tool for doctors to monitor the fields patients most frequently lack information about allowing them to pinpoint and focus on these during their sessions with their own patients.As the counseling section comprises answers to the questions (800 up to now) the visitors (more than 200 a day) have posted via the site and thus contains concrete information relevant to the individual visitors’ past, present and future lives, its educational impact is facilitated through the personalization factor. What also contributes to the efficiency of the educational process is the fact the information is presented through multiple presentation channels and thus ensures sufficient repetitions and variations on themes.The paper also discusses other principles of andragogy that appear crucial in building a publicly available electronic information source targeting medical education of adults.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Jana Smrzova

Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2010

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Janua linguarum reserata. Pilsen : .

The paper focuses on the role different kinds of context (situational, physical, social, and linguistic) play in the development of infant's language during its individual stages (cooing, babbling, word and sentence formation) and attempts to delineate those contextual factors that the author considers most fruitful in the language acquisition process. Some attention is also paid to the peculiarities of bilingual upbringing such as language games the child himself/herself invents in the context of two languages (Czech vs. English) and calque creation. The paper lists numerous examples and its presentation is accompanied by audio and video material collected during research.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2009

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Sociokulturni kompetence ve vyuce cizich jazyku. Praha : .

The paper focuses on the factors affecting the speed at which a toddler acquires language, chiefly new expressions and collocations. A special attention is paid to the individual functions of the child’s early language as described by M.A. K. Halliday (instrumental, regulatory, interactional, etc.) and the situations determining these. It also aims to point out idiosyncrasies of the acquisition process in terms of the infant’s exposure to two different languages – a major one (spoken by most of the members of the infant’s community) and the minor one (spoken by one of his/her parents only). Besides the theoretical background, the paper presents author’s practical examples and authentic recordings.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2008

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Profilingua 2007. Pilsen : .

Due to the nature of most university examinations, students often tend to concentrate their preparation efforts into a one-off act. This approach, however, proves ineffective when it comes to languages. The author introduced a method of regular testing that boosts the efficiency of English-teaching process in that it makes students prepare on a regular basis and minimizes the burden of handling numerous tests submitted in every round. The paper discuses the methodology of systematic computerized testing by means of answer sheets whose contents can be scanned and automatically evaluated.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2007

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

Vnitřní lékařství - časopis České internistické společnosti a Slovenskej internistickej spoločnosti 2007, 5 : 611-612.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Jana Smrzova

Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2007

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: LSP in Higher Education, Searching for Common Solutions. Brno : .

To prove successful, language teaching requires a great deal of students’ participation in the process. However, students’ attention, a pre-requisite for such participation, tends to gradually wane as the lesson proceeds – a phenomenon that becomes yet more marked at lectures due to these not requiring listeners’ active involvement.The paper focuses on the means and techniques of keeping students attentive at ESP lectures (whose primary purpose is to acquaint them with IT-related vocabulary and advanced grammar structures) such as message encryption and decryption, use of metaphors, deviation from the expected, incorporation of grammar in the relevant socio-cultural context, etc.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2006

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Vnitrni lekarstvi. Brno : .

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne

Jana Smrzova

Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2006

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Sbornik prispevku z konference Profilingua 2003. Dobra Voda : .

Language drills aimed at practising grammatical phenomena function as a useful tool utilized to serve language-teaching purposes. Besides, they turn out to be a convenient utility when it comes to practising and revising the already acquired grammar and vocabulary. However, trying to invent new sentences containing a particular grammatical phenomenon or vocabulary of a certain lexical stratum repetitively, the teacher may find themselves exhausted and frustrated. The electronic drilling exercises can represent an asset in this respect. The paper tackles the issue of usage as well as production of electronic drilling exercises which, after becoming public by being posted on an Internet site, provide the teacher with a powerful tool. Their pros and cons are mentioned and an electronic drill sample presented.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2003

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

In: Odborny jazyk v procesu evropske integrace. Prague : .

The paper tackles the issue of language teaching by means of language-based Internet websites paying particular attention to teaching the language for specialized purposes. It foreshadows the potential of Internet to function as a supplementary source of language information and training as well as that of self-contained material which is capable of covering virtually every area of language learning - grammar, spelling, specialized expressions, pronunciation etc. The emphasis is laid on how all the above mentioned categories can be combined and harmonized to produce concise worksheets targeting specific areas (biology, medicine, computer science etc.), their specialized terminology and merits of working with such material.The demonstration of samples of worksheets, tests and pronunciation exercises represents a major part of the paper. All these utilize web design (HTML, CGI scripts, JAVA scripts) and common methods of Internet audio transfer to meet the modern learner's language needs. The paper is given in English.

FörfattarePubliceringsårÄmne
Martin Dvorak

Östersjö- och Östeuropaanknytning

Nej
2002

Institution/Centrumbildning

-

-


Forskarutbildningsområde

-

Medförfattare vid Södertörns högskola